Characterization and evaluation of Indian multivoltine silkworm (Bombyx mort) germplasm

S MUKHERJEE, P MUKHERJEE, N K SAHANI, R K SINHA

Abstract


Variability, heritability, genetic gain as per cent of mean and correlations were studied for 9 quantitative characters
among 56 muitivoltine silkworm (Bombyx mori L.) breeds. Wide variability was recorded among the breeds for
morphological and quantitative characters. Fecundity, weight of mature larvae, fifth instar' larval duration, yield/1O 000
larvae by weight, cocoon weight and shell weight showed high genotypic coefficient of variation (gcv), heritability and
genetic advance as per cent of mean, indicating possibility of further improvement through selection. The correlation of
yield/1O 000 larvae by weight with cocoon weight, shell weight and shell ratio (%) was significant and positive, whereas
yield/1O 000 larvae by number did not show association with any of the characters except yield/10 000 larvae by weight.
Similarly, total larval dumtion was positively correlated with fifth instar larval duration, but both these variables were
not associated with any other characters. The study revealed that one set of variables may control the expression of
other set of characters. The breeds like 'MHMP (Y)', 'A 13', 'Hosa Mysore', 'AP 12' and 'MW 13' could be identified
potential genotypes for the improvement of multivoltine silkworm through appropriate breeding programme.

Keywords


multivoltine silkwonn, variability, heritability, cOrrelation

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Print ISSN: 0019-5022

SCImago Journal & Country Rank