Herd structure, performance traits, calving and culling patterns and economics of milk production in Jaffrabadi buffaloes


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Authors

  • M R GADARIYA , P H VATALIYA K S MURTHY and P U GAJBHIYE Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat- 362 001

Abstract

Influence of herd structure on herd performance traits and economic aspect of milk production in Jaffrabadi
buffalo were studied using 120 monthly data over a period of 10 years (2001-2010). Variation in composition,
strength and herd performance traits of the herd, monthly trend in calving rate, % milch animals, wet average,
herd average, economics of milk production, pattern of calving and culling in the Jaffrabadi herd, association
among the herd structure and performance traits of the herd, optimum herd composition for the herd were
investigated. The Jaffrabadi herd consisted of 35.63% buffaloes, 21.30 % breedable heifers, 18.01% calves
(female + male), 13.73 % males above 1 year and 8.98% heifers of 1-2 year. The total strength and total
adult units in the Jaffrabadi herd averaged 203.19± 2.25 and 142.75±1.42, respectively. The total females
present in the herd were 75.78±0.25%. The wet average, herd average, % milch buffaloes and number of
milch buffaloes in the herd were 7.13±0.09 lit/d/head, 3.24±0.07 lit/d/head, 46.11±0.98 and 33.07±0.76,
respectively. Wet average and herd average varied, respectively, from 4.20 to 9.25 and 1.25 to 4.89 lit/d/
head during different months. Effect of month was significant on herd average. All herd performance traits
of the buffaloes were significantly influenced by year. The % return over feed cost at variable feed cost
and based on variable actual sale price and market rate of milk were estimated to be 56.08±2.36 and
134.97±1.78, respectively. The correlation coefficients of total buffaloes with wet average, herd average
and % R.O.F.C. were -0.24 to -0.32 (P<0.05). The % milch cows and herd average showed correlation
value of -0.37 to -0.38 (P<0.05) with total breedable females. Calving significantly (P<0.01) differed due
to month but distinctly there were calving period (July to November) and non-calving period (December
to June). About 71 % of the buffaloes and 87.83% heifers calved during July to November months. More
than 21% buffaloes calved in September. Of the total (246) animals disposed of, maximum no. of growing/
entire males were sold, 44.31% (10.90 / year) for breeding purpose followed by buffalo category, 36.99 %
(9.1 per year) on account of different reasons. Maximum buffaloes 32.67% were disposed of in their 3rd
and 4th lactation, followed by those in 5th and 6th (27.72 %) and 1st and 2nd 24.65%) lactation. The old age
i.e., more than 6 lactations (29.69 %) , low yield (24.75 %), loss of 1 quarters / teat problem in 18.81 %
and reproductive problem 15.84% were the major reasons of culling in buffaloes. Under the facilities and
resources of the farm, the herd with 30-35% (65 -70) buffaloes and 20 to 25% (35-45) breedable heifers.,
i.e., 55 to 60 % (107 to 112) total breedable females and total strength of 190 to 205 resulted in wet average
> 7.5 lit/d, herd average > 3.50 lit/d, % milch buffaloes >55 and % R.O.F.C. > 140.

Author Biography

  • M R GADARIYA , P H VATALIYA K S MURTHY and P U GAJBHIYE, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat- 362 001
    Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh, Gujarat- 362 001

Submitted

18-11-2019

Published

17-10-2020

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

Herd structure, performance traits, calving and culling patterns and economics of milk production in Jaffrabadi buffaloes. (2020). Indian Journal of Animal Production and Management, 34(3-4). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJAPM/article/view/95460