Mining the source of resistance for downy mildew and gummy stem blight in bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) accessions


Abstract views: 197 / PDF downloads: 66

Authors

  • D R BHARDWAJ Principal Scientist, ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221 305
  • K K GAUTAM Scientist, ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221 305
  • S SAHA Principal Scientist, ICAR-National research Centre on Grapes, Pune
  • K NAGENDRAN Scientist, ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221 305
  • K K PANDEY Principal Scientist, ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221 305
  • A K SINGH Technical officer, ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221 305
  • P M SINGH Head, Division of Crop Improvement, ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh 221 305
  • B SINGH Director, ICAR-Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v88i5.80071

Keywords:

Bottle gourd, Downy mildew, Gummy stem blight, PDI, Resistance, Screening

Abstract

Bottle gourd [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.] is an important vegetable crop widely cultivated during summer and kharif season throughout the country. Seventeen advance lines of bottle gourd were artificially screened for downy mildew. Among them, only VRBG-12 showed resistance with lowest PDI value of 6.5%. Three lines (VRBG-26, VRBG-47 and VRBG-17) were moderately resistant (15.7-21.7%), four (VRBG-11, VRBG-20, VRBG-49 and VRBG-56) moderately susceptible (30.4-40.2%), five (VRBG-52, VRBG-5, VRBG-10, VRBG-66 and VRBG-53) susceptible (59.3-69.2%) and the remaining four lines (VRBG-33, VRBG-48, DVBG-01 and VRBG-61) were highly susceptible (79.2-90.75%). Fifty one accessions were screened against gummy stem blight and none were found immune/resistant under field condition. Out of 51 lines, least severity (28.8%) was observed in VRBG-556, 13 were moderately susceptible with the PDI ranging between 28.80 to 49.44, 32 were found to be susceptible (50.4-74.4%) and 6 highly susceptible (75.2-87.2%). These potential genotypes can be used further in breeding programs of bottle gourd against downy mildew and gummy stem blight.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Afroz M, Rahman M A, Nahar M S, Yasmin L and Alam S M K. 2012. Selection of resistant variety, effective organic amendment and fungicide against gummy stem blight (Didymella bryoniae) of bottle gourd. SAARC Journal of Agriculture 1: 1–8.

Barnes W C and Epps W M. 1954. An unreported type of resistance to cucumber downy mildew. Plant Disease Reports 38: 620.

Call A D, Criswell A D, Wehner T C, Klosinska U and Kozik E U. 2012. Screening cucumber for resistance to downy mildew caused by Pseudoperonospora cubensis (Berk. and Curt.) Rostov. Crop Science 52(2): 577–92. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2011.06.0296

Cespedes-Sanchez M C, Naegele R P, Kousik C S and Hausbeck M K. 2015. Field response of cucurbit hosts to Pseudoperonospora cubensis in Michigan. Plant Disease 99(5): 676–82. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-05-14-0500-RE

Cohen Y and Rubin A E. 2012. Mating type and sexual reproduction of Pseudoperonospora cubensis, the downy mildew agent of cucurbits. European Journal of Plant Pathology 132: 577–92. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10658-011-9902-3

Crinò P, Bianco C L, Rouphael Y, Colla G, Saccardo F and Paratore A. 2007. Evaluation of rootstock resistance to Fusarium wilt and gummy stem blight and effect on yield and quality of a grafted ‘Inodorus’ melon. HortScience 42(3): 521–5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.42.3.521

Ghule B V, Ghanti M H, Yeole P G and Saoji A N. 2007. Diuretic activity of Lagenaria siceraria fruit extracts in rats. Ind. J. Pharm. Sci 69: 817–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/0250-474X.39441

Habdas H, Staniaszek M, Doruchowski R W and Łąkowska- Ryk E. 1996. Anatomical and cytological mechanism of cucumber resistance and susceptibility to downy mildew (Pseudoperonospora cubensis Berk, Curt). (In) Cucurbits towards 2000. Gómez-Guillamón M L, Soria C, Cuartero J, Torès J A, Fernandez-Munoz R (Eds). Proceedings of the VI Eucarpia meeting on Cucurbit Genetics and Breeding, Málaga, pp 263–268.

Harika M, Kasti V D, Kulkarni M S, Mulge R, Mastiholi A B, Shirol A M and Shantappa T. 2012. Reaction of bottle gourd genotypes against fruit fly and downy mildew under natural epiphytotic conditions.Karnataka J. Agric. Sci. 25(2): 296–7.

Jadhav V M R and Sharma B L. 1983. Field reaction of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.)Wilczek varieties to Cercospora leaf spot in north Madhya Pradesh. Legume Research 6: 99–100.

Keinath A P. 2013. Diagnostic guide for gummy stem blight and black rot on cucurbits. Online. Plant Health Progress,12 p. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1094/PHP-2013-1024-01-DG

Lebeda A and Cohen Y, 2012. Fungicide resistance in Pseudoperonospora cubensis, the causal pathogen of cucurbit downy mildew. Fungicide Resistance in Crop Protection, Risk and Management, pp 44-63. Singh T (Eds). CABI, Wallingford, UK. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1079/9781845939052.0044

Lebeda A, Pavelkova J, Sedlakova B and Urban J. 2013. Structure and temporal shifts in virulence of Pseudoperonospora cubensis populations in the Czech Republic. Plant Pathology 62: 336–45. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3059.2012.02642.x

Maheshwari S K, Choudhary B R, Singh D, Sharma B D and Sharma S K. 2015. Evaluation of resistance in different varieties/genotypes of bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) against Cercospora leaf spot under field conditions. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 85(10): 1269–72.

McDonald B A and Linde C. 2002. Pathogen population genetics, evolutionary potential, and durable resistance. Ann. Rev. Phytopathol 40: 349–79.

McGrath D J, Vawdrey L and Walker I O. 1993. Resistance to gummy stem blight in Muskmelon. Hort Science 28(9): 930–1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.28.9.930

Olczak-Woltman H, Marcinkowska J and Niemirowicz-Szczytt K. 2011.The genetic basis of resistance to downy mildew in Cucumis spp., latest developments and prospects. Journal of Applied Genetics 52(3): 249–55. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13353-011-0030-8

Pandey K K, Ram D, Pandey P K and Mathura Rai 2005. Artificial screening technique and sources of resistance to downy mildew disease in bitter gourd.Veg. Sci. 32(1) : 107–8.

Ram D, Rai M, Rai N, Yadav D S, Pandey S,Verma A, Lal H, Singh N and Singh S. 2007. Characterisation and evaluation of winter fruited bottle gourd [Lagenaria siceraria (Mol.) Standl.]. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 752: 231–7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2007.752.37

Thind T S, Singh P P, Sokhi S S and Grewal R K. 1991. Application timing and choice of fungicides for the control of downy mildew of muskmelon. Plant Disease Research 6: 49–53.

Vanden Langenberg K M and Wehner T C. 2016. Downy mildew disease progress in resistant and susceptible cucumbers tested in the field at different growth stages. Hort Science 51(8): 984–8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.51.8.984

Wyszogrodzka A J, Williams P H and Peterson C E. 1986. Search for resistance to gummy stem blight (Didymella bryoniae) in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Euphytica 35: 603. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00021869

Downloads

Submitted

2018-05-24

Published

2018-05-25

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

BHARDWAJ, D. R., GAUTAM, K. K., SAHA, S., NAGENDRAN, K., PANDEY, K. K., SINGH, A. K., SINGH, P. M., & SINGH, B. (2018). Mining the source of resistance for downy mildew and gummy stem blight in bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) accessions. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 88(5), 746-750. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v88i5.80071
Citation