Carbon footprint and energy use in jute and allied fibre production


Abstract views: 224 / PDF downloads: 62

Authors

  • A K SINGH Principal Scientist, ICAR-Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibres, Barrackpore, Kolkata 700 120
  • MUKESH KUMAR Scientist, ICAR-Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibres, Barrackpore, Kolkata 700 120
  • S MITRA Scientist, AINP-JAF

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v88i8.82579

Keywords:

Allied bast fibres, Carbon footprint, Energy use pattern, Jute

Abstract

The study examines carbon and energy footprints of jute, kenaf, sunnhemp and flax fibre production systems. Energy productivity was lowest in flax fibre production as compared to other fibre crops. Flax fibre production consumed more chemical fertilizer, diesels, pesticides and seed energy in comparison to other fibre crops. The carbon footprints of the all fibres crops did not differ significantly and were in the order of 566, 520, 445 and 423 kg CO2-eq/tonne of fibre for jute, flax, kenaf and sunnhemp, respectively. The carbon based sustainability index for jute (2.27) and kenaf (2.07) were highest due to better carbon use efficiency. Sustainability index of flax was negative (-0.67) due to higher carbon emission. Fertilization and fibre processing contributed most to GHG emissions. Overall, the carbon footprint of bast fibres was 20–50% lower than that of synthetic/artificial fibres.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Acaroglu M and Aksoy A S. 2005. The cultivation and energy balance of Miscanthus giganteus production in Turkey. Biomass Bioenergy 29: 42–8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2005.01.002

Andrea M C S, Tieppo R C, Gimenez L M, Povh F P, Katsmen T J and Romanelli T C. 2014. Energy demand in agricultural biomass production in Parana State, Brazil. Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal (Special issue):42–51.

Barth Martha and Michael Carus. 2015. Carbon Footprint and Sustainability of Different Natural Fibres for Biocomposites and Insulation Material. Nova-Institute, GmbH, Germany.

Banik A, Sen M and Sen S P. 1993. Methane emission from jute-retting tanks. Ecological Engineering 2:73–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0925-8574(93)90028-E

Bhattacharjee A K, Sen H S, Sarkar S, Roy Anirban and Nayak P. 2007. Improved Production Technology for Mesta. Bulletin No: 07/2007, ICAR-CRIJAF, Barrackpore, India.

Carbon Trust. 2007. Carbon Footprint Measurement Methodology, Version 1.1. The Carbon Trust, London, UK.

Demircan V, Ekinci K, Keener H M, Akbolat D and Ekinci C. 2006. Energy and economic analysis of sweetcherry production in Turkey: A study from Isparta province. Energy Conversion and Management 47: 1761–9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2005.10.003

Devasenapathy P, Senthilkumar G and Shanmugam P M. 2009. Energy management in crop production. Indian Journal of Agronomy 54: 80–90.

Dyer J A and Desjardins R L. 2003. The impact of farm machinery management on the greenhouse gas emissions from Canadian agriculture. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 22: 59–74. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1300/J064v22n03_07

Dyer J A and Desjardins R L. 2006. Carbon dioxide emissions associated with the manufacturing of tractors and farm machinery in Canada. Biosystems Engineering 93(1):107–18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biosystemseng.2005.09.011

Evans A, Ruff E and Mortimer N. 2006. Selective Life Cycle Assessments for Agricultural Fleece Production from Hemp and Polypropylene Produced from Crude Oil. North Energy Associates Ltd. DEFRA project Environmental Assessment Tools for Biomaterials (NF0614), Stocks field, England.

FAOSTAT. 2016. Statistical database of the FAO. Available at http://faostat3.fao.org/home/E.

Gagnon N C, Hall A S and Brinker L A. 2009. Preliminary investigation of energy return on energy investment for global oil and gas production. Energies 2(3): 490–503. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/en20300490

Ghahderijani Mohammad, Komleh Seyyed Hassan Pishgar, Keyhani Alireza and Sefeedpari Paria. 2013. Energy analysis and life cycle assessment of wheat production in Iran. African Journal of Agriculture Research 8(18): 1929–39. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR11.1197

Ghorai A K, Mitra S and Mahapatra B S. 2010. Improved production technology of jute and mesta in India. Indian Farming 59(12): 14–16.

GoI. 2010. India- Greenhouse Gas Emission 2007. Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India, New Delhi, pp 22–7.

Gupta D, Hazra S K and Mahapatra A K. 2006. Flax-The fibre of linum. Bulletin No: 02/2006, ICAR-CRIJAF, Barrackpore, India.

GVR. 2015. Global Geotextiles Market Size, Trends and Forecasts to 2020. Grand View Research, Inc., San Francisco, CA, USA. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1364-5439(15)30024-1

Haufe J and Carus M. 2011. Hemp Fibres for Green Products – An assessment of life cycle studies on hemp fire applications. The European Hemp Association (EIHA). Available at http:// bio-based.eu/download/?did=1086&file=0

Husain K, Malik Y P, Srivastav R L and Pandey R. 2009. Production technology and industrial uses of dual purpose linseed (Linum usitatissimum): An overview. Indian Journal of Agronomy 54 (4): 374–9.

IPCC. 1995. Climate change, the science of climate change. Houghton J T, Meira Filho L G, Callander B A, Harris N, Kattenberg A and Maskell K (Eds). Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Jan E G. 2008. Environmental benefits of natural fibre production and use. Proceedings of Natural Fibres. Technical Paper No. 56, FAO, Rome.

Kitani O. 1999. Energy and Biomass Engineering. CIGR Handbook of Agricultural Engineering, Vol. V, ASAE Publication, St. Joseph, MI.

Kramer K J, Moll H C and Nonhebel S. 1999. Total greenhouse gas emissions related to the Dutch crop production system. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 72(1): 9–16. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-8809(98)00158-3

Kumar Mukesh, Mitra S, Tripathi M K, Naik Ramesh M, Naik R K, Jha A K, Gawande S P, Mazumdar S P, Singh A, Saha A R and Majumdar B. 2015. Energy and economic analysis for jute and allied fibres crops. Technical Bulletin 2/2015, ICAR-CRIJAF, Barrackpore, India.

Lal R. 2004. Carbon emission from farm operations. Environment International 30: 981–90. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2004.03.005

Mittal J P and Dhawan K C. 1988. Research Manual on Energy Requirements in Agricultural Sector, pp 20-23. Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR), New Delhi.

Mudge F and Adger N. 1994. Methane emissions from rice and coarse fibre production. CSERGE GEC Working Paper, pp 94–08.

Ozkan B, Akçaoz H and Karadeniz F. 2004. Energy requirement and economic analysis of citrus production in Turkey. Energy Conversion and Management 45: 1821–30. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2003.10.002

Pathak H and Wassmann R. 2007. Introducing greenhouse gas mitigation as a development objective in rice-based agriculture: I. Generation of technical coefficients. Agriculture System 94: 807–25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2006.11.015

PwC. 2012. Life cycle assessment of CFGF-Continuous Filament Glass Fibre Products. GlassFibreEurope Report. Available at: http://www.glassfibreeurope.eu/wp-content/uploads/GFE-2012-02-LCA-report.pdf

Rana S, Pichandi S, Parveen S and Fangueiro R. 2014. Natural plant fibres: production, processing, properties and their sustainability parameters. Roadmap to Sustainable Textiles and Clothing, pp 1-35. Textile Science and Clothing Technology, Springer Verlag, Singapore. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-065-0_1

Singh S, Singh S, Pannu C J S and Singh J. 1999. Energy input and yield relations for wheat in different agro-climatic zones of the Punjab. Applied Energy 63: 287–98. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0306-2619(99)00034-3

Soltani A, Rajabi M H, Zeinali E and Soltani E. 2013. Energy inputs and greenhouse gases emissions in wheat production in Gorgan Iran. Energy 50(50): 54–61. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2012.12.022

Stocker T F, Qin D, Plattner G K, Tignor M, Allen S K, Boschung J, Nauels A, Xia Y, Bex B and Midgley P M. 2013. IPCC-Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Chang. Cambridge University Press, New York.

Tongwane Mphethe, Mdlambuzi Thandile, Mliswa Vuyo and Grootboom Lunga. 2016. Greenhouse gas emissions from different crop production and management practices in South Africa. Environmental Development 19: 23–35. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envdev.2016.06.004

Tieppo R C, Andrea M C S, Gimenez L M and Romanelli T L. 2014. Energy demand in sugarcane residue collection and transportation. Agricultural Engineering International CIGR Journal (Special Issue): 52–8.

Tripathy M K, Mitra S, Sarkar S K, Sinha M K and Mahapatra B S. 2010. Improved production technology of Sunnhemp. Indian Farming 59(12): 26–7.

Umar B. 2003. Comparison of manual and manual-cum-mechanical energy uses in groundnut production in a semi-arid environment. Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal 5: 1–11.

Downloads

Submitted

2018-08-21

Published

2018-08-21

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

SINGH, A. K., KUMAR, M., & MITRA, S. (2018). Carbon footprint and energy use in jute and allied fibre production. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 88(8), 1305-1311. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v88i8.82579
Citation