Effect of dietary manipulation on production, reproduction and immunocompetence traits in turkey breeder hens

Abstract views: 123 / PDF downloads: 40


  • A BHATTACHARYYA College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry, Mathura
  • S MAJUMDAR Central Avian Research Institute, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh 243122 India
  • S K BHANJA Central Avian Research Institute, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh 243122 India
  • A B MANDAL Central Avian Research Institute, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh 243122 India
  • B B DASH Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Mukteshwar
  • M M KADAM Nagpur Veterinary College, Nagpur



Diet, Fertility, Hatchability, Immunity, Turkey breeder hensDiet, Turkey breeder hens


Turkey breeder hens (200) and viable toms (24) of 30–35 weeks of age of small white variety were distributed into 2 treatment groups having 4 replicates of 25 hens and 3 toms in each treatment. First four replicates were offered turkey breeder diet (diet A) (NRC 1994) and other 4 replicates were offered high immune diet (diet B) having 115% amino acids, 1% each omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids, retinol- 4.95 mg, DL-a-tocopherol- 199.86 mg, ascorbic acid –150 mg, selenium- 0.5 mg and zinc–118 mg / kg diet for 8 week duration. After 6 weeks of experimental feeding, 2 replicates from each treatment groups were vaccinated with ND (R2B) vaccine. Average egg weight of birds fed diet B was significantly higher after 6 weeks of experimental feeding than diet A. Per cent fertility and per cent hatchability on total egg set basis was better in the birds fed diet B than diet A. Chicks hatched from the birds fed diet B were heavier than the birds fed diet A. Total immunoglobulins, IgG and IgM response to sheep red blood cells were also higher in the diet B than diet A. Birds fed diet B had better cell-mediated immune response than birds fed diet A. Birds fed diet B had significantly higher HI titer against R2B vaccination than those fed diet A at 7 days post vaccination. Hence, it may be concluded that turkey breeders may be fed high immune diet to enhance egg weight, chick weight, fertility, hatchability and immune response.


Download data is not yet available.


Allan W H and Gough R E. 1974. A standard haemagglutination inhibition test for Newcastle disease. A comparision of macro- and micro-methods. Veterinary Record 95: 120–23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.95.6.120

Bertuzzi S, Manfreda G and Franchini A. 1998. Influence of dietary inorganic zinc and vitamin E on broiler immune response. Selezione Veterinaria 8–9: 627–36.

Corrier D E and De Loach J R. 1990. Evaluation of cell mediated, cutaneous basophil hypersensitivity in young chickens by interdigital skin test. Poultry Science 69: 403–08. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0690403

Duncan D B. 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics 11: 1–42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3001478

Gonzalez V A D, Arce M J A, Avila G E, Morillo G A and Corles C R. 1995. The effects of dietary vitamins C and E supplementation on the performance and immune response of broilers. Veterinaria Mexico 26: 333–40.

Humphrey B D. 2010. Immunity lesions and actions: Practical implications. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 19: 174– 81. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3382/japr.2010-00169

Jennifer L G, Gregory E D and Ellen D K. 2005. Diet quality affects egg size and number but does not reduce maternal antibody transmission in Japanese quail Coturnix japonica. Journal of Animal Ecology 74: 1051–58. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2005.01002.x

Kaur S. 2005. ‘Optimizing dietary requirements of amino acids for growth, egg production and immunocompetence of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica).’ Ph D Thesis, Rohilkhand University, Bareilly, India.

Kingori A M, Tuitoek J K, Muiruri H K and Wachira A M. 2010. Effect of dietary crude protein levels on egg production, hatchability and post-hatch offspring performance of indigenous chickens. International Journal of Poultry Science 9: 324–29. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2010.324.329

Klasing K C. 1998. Nutritional modulation of resistance to infectious diseases. Poultry Science 77: 1119–25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/77.8.1119

Kogut M H and Klasing K. 2009. An immunologist’s perspective on nutrition, immunity and infectious diseases: Introduction and overview. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 18:103– 10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3382/japr.2008-00080

Martin A, Gross W B and Siegel P B. 1989. IgG and IgM responses in high and low antibody selected lines of chickens. The Journal of Heredity 80: 249–52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.jhered.a110844

Ng’ambi J W, Thamaga M W, Norris D, Mabelebele M and Alabi O J. 2013. Effects of egg weight on hatchability, chick hatch- weight and subsequent productivityof indigenous Venda chickens in Polokwane, South Africa. South African Journal of Animal Science 43: 69–74. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/sajas.v43i5.13

NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th edn. National Research Council, National Academic Press, Washington DC. Siegel P B and Gross W B. 1980. Production and persistency of antibodies in chickens to sheep erythrocytes. 1. Directional selection. Poultry Science 59: 1–5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0590001

Snedecor G W and Cochran W G. 1980. Statistical Methods. 6th edn. Ames, Iowa State University Press, Iowa.

Torki M, Arshami J, Shahroodi F E, Afshar J T and Golian A. 2003. Effects of dietary n-3 and n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids on performance and humoral immune response in broiler chicks. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 34: 115–25.

Van der Zijpp A J. 1983. The effect of genetic origin, source of antigen and dose of antigen on the immune response of cockerels. Poultry Science 62: 205–11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0620205

Vilchez C, Touchburn S P, Chavez E R and Chan C W. 1992. Effect of feeding palmitic, oleic, and linoleic acids to Japanese quail hens (Coturnix coturnix japonica). 2. Maternal diets and stage of incubation on the lipid metabolism of quail embryos. Poultry Science 71:1032–42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0711032

Xia Z G, Guo Y M, Chen S Y and Yuang J M. 2003. Effects of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids on antibody production and lymphocyte proliferation of laying hens. Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 16: 1320–25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2003.1320









How to Cite

BHATTACHARYYA, A., MAJUMDAR, S., BHANJA, S. K., MANDAL, A. B., DASH, B. B., & KADAM, M. M. (2014). Effect of dietary manipulation on production, reproduction and immunocompetence traits in turkey breeder hens. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 84(10), 1113–1116. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v84i10.44311