Soil Fertility Appraisal for Hot Arid Regions of Thar Desert, Rajasthan, India


Abstract views: 409 / PDF downloads: 97

Authors

  • Mahesh Kumar ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur 342 003, India
  • P Raina ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur 342 003, India
  • S K Singh ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur 342 003, India

Abstract

Soil fertility assessment for hot arid regions of Thar Desert in the Indian state of Rajasthan was carried out and on the basis of fertility ratings the soils were classified as low, medium and high. In the present assessment a systematic set of 5655 geo-referenced soil samples across the land use systems viz. rainfed croplands, irrigated croplands and rangelands covering 12 districts of hot arid Rajasthan were collected. The soil samples were analyzed for pH, EC, soil organic carbon (SOC), available P, available K, available Fe, Zn Cu, and Mn. Results of the soil analysis revealed that SOC is low throughout the region, while available P was low to medium, but generally medium to high in available K. Among the micronutrients Cu and Mn were adequately supplied in most areas, but Zn and Fe were inadequate in large parts. As a whole, SOC, P, Fe and Zn are the major nutrients constraint in hot arid regions of Rajasthan that warrants the attention for development and implementation of soil test based nutrient management plans and application of corresponding nutrients. The Nutrient Index Values (NIV) was low for available P (1.61) and medium for available K (2.14). Amongst the micronutrients NIV for DTPA Zn (1.51) was low, marginal for Fe (1.67), adequate for Cu (2.14) and high for Mn (2.47). The wide spread deficiencies of P, Fe and Zn were most revealing; their deficiencies varies with districts and land use pattern. Irrigated croplands were better endowed than other land uses in respect of SOC, P, Zn and Cu; rangelands in respect of K and Fe, and rainfed croplands in respect of Mn. Key words: Hot arid Rajasthan, major nutrients, micro-nutrients, deficiency, nutrient index value.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Dhir, R.P. 1977. Western Rajasthan soils: Their characteristics and properties. In Desertification and Its Control. ICAR, New Delhi, pp. 102-115. Dhir, R.P., Joshi, D.C., Singh, N., Sharma, B.K. and Kolarkar, A.S. 1997. Taxonomy and distribution of arid soils of Rajasthan. Annal of Arid Zone 36(4): 327-333. Dwivedi, B.S. 2014. Revisiting soil testing and fertilizer use research. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 62(supplement): S40-S55. Gupta, J.P., Joshi, D.C. and Singh, G.B. 2000. Management of arid agro-ecosystem. In: Natural Resource Management for Agricultural Production in India (Eds J.S.P. Yadav and G.B. Singh), pp. 557668. In International Conference on Managing Natural Resources for Sustainable Agricultural Production in the 21st Century. Jackson, M.L. 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 498 p. Kar, A., Moharana, P.C., Raina, P., Kumar, M., Soni, M.L., Santra, P., Ajai., Arya, A.S. and Dhinwa, P.S. 2009. Desertification and its control. In: Trends in Arid Zone Research in India (Eds., A. Kar, B.K. Garg, M.P. Singh and S. Kathju). pp. 1-47. CAZRI, Jodhpur. Katyal, J.C. and Rattan, R.K. 1993. Distribution of zinc in Indian soils. Fertilizer News 38:15-26. Kenney, E.A., Hall, J.W. and Wang, C. 2002. Temporal trends in soil properties at soilquality benchmark site in the Frazer Valley, British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 82: 499-509. Kumar, M., Kar, A., Raina, P., Singh, S.K., Moharana, P.C. and Chauhan, J.C. 2019. Spatial variability of available nutrients in the Shekhawati region of Thar Desert, India. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 67: 21-33. Kumar, M., Praveen_Kumar and Bohra, P.C. 2009. Effect of land use systems on soil properties and relationship between soil organic carbon and available nutrients in typical arid soils of Rajasthan. Annals of Arid Zone 48:122-127. Kumar, M., Praveen_Kumar, Tewari, J.C. and Pandey, C.B. 2017. Changes in soil fertility under multipurpose tree species in Thar Desert of Rajasthan. Range Management and Agroforestry 38:274-279. Kumar, M., Santra, P., Singh, S.K., Raina, P., Kar, A., Ram, B. and Moharana, P.C. 2018. Identifying sensitive soil properties as a function of land use change in Thar Desert of India. Agricultural Research 7: 187-199.

Kumar, M., Singh, S.K., Raina, P. and Sharma, B.K. 2011. Status of available major and micronutrients in arid soils of Churu district of western Rajasthan. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 59: 188-192. Lindsay, W.L. and Norvell, W.A. 1978. Development of DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Science Society of America Journal 42: 421-428. Muhr, G.R., Datta, N.P., Shankar Subraney, N., Dever, F., Lecy, V.K. and Donahue, R.R. 1963. Soil Testing in India. USAID Mission to India. Muralidharudu, Y., Sammi Reddy, K., Mandal, B.N., Subba Rao, A., Singh, K.N. and Sonekar, S. 2011. GIS based soil fertility maps of different states of India, AICRP-STCR, Indian Institute of Soil Science, Bhopal, pp. 1-224. Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Watanabe, F.S. and Dean, L.A. 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate. US Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC. Circular, Vol. 939, pp. 19. Pradeep-Kumar, Verma, T.S. and Sharma, P.K. 2006. Effect of land uses on relationship between organic carbon and available nutrients in dry temperate zone of Himachal Pradesh. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 54: 485-488. Pratt, P.F. 1982. Potassium. In Methods of Soil Analysis. Part. II. Chemical and Microbiological properties. (A.L. Page, R.H Miller and D.R. Keeney, Eds.), pp. 225-246. Madison, Wisconsin, USA. Praveen-Kumar, Tarafdar, J.C., Painuli, D.K., Raina, P., Singh, M.P., Beniwal, R.K., Soni, M.L., Kumar, M., Santra, P. and Shamsuddin. M. 2009. Variability in arid soil characteristics. In: Trends in Arid Zone Research in India (Eds., A. Kar, B.K. Garg, M.P. Singh and S. Kathju), pp. 78-112. CAZRI, Jodhpur, . Rajasthan Agricultural statistics, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Planning, Government of Rajasthan, Jaipur, 2016-17, pp. 1-105. Rajput, S.G. and Polara, K.B. 2012. Fertility status of cultivated soils in coastal Bhavanagar district of Saurashtra region of Gujarat. Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research 22: 23-25. Ramamoorthy, B. and Bajaj, J.C. 1969. Available nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium status of Indian soils. Fertilizer News 14: 25-36. Richards, L.A. (Ed.). 1954. Diagnosis and Improvements of Saline and Alkali Soils. Agricultural Handbook no. 60. USDA, Washington, D.C. 160 p. Sahrawat, K.L., Wani, S.P., Rego, T.J., Pardhasaradhi, G. and Murthy K.V.S. 2007 Widespread deficiencies of Sulphur, boron and zinc in dryland soils of semi-arid tropics. Current Science 93: 1428-1432.

SOIL FERTILITY APPRAISAL FOR HOT ARID REGIONS OF THAR DESERT

Sakal, R. 2001. Efficient management of micronutrients for sustainable crop production. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 49: 593608. Santra, P., Kumawat, R.N., Mertia, R.S., Mahla, H.M. and Sinha, N.K. 2012. Spatial variation in soil organic carbon stocks in a typical agricultural farm of hot arid ecosystem of India. Current Science 102(9): 1303-1309. Sharma, B.K., Singh, N. and Kumar, M. 2006. Sandy soils of Jaisalmer district: Their morph genesis and evaluation for sustainable land use. Annals of Arid Zone 45: 139-149. Shirgire, S.T., Savalia, S.G. and Misal, N.B. 2018. Assessment of available macro and micronutrient status of coastal Jamnagar district in Saurashtra region of Gujarat. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 66: 182-187. Shukla, A.K. and Tiwari, P. 2014. Micro and secondary-nutrients and pollutant elements research in India. Coordinator report, AICRP micro-and secondary-nutrients and pollutant elements in soils and plants. Indian Institute of Soil Science, Bhopal, pp. 1-155. Singh, M.V. 2008. Micro and secondary-nutrients and pollutant elements research in India. Coordinator Report, AICRP Micro- and Secondary-nutrients and Pollutant Elements in Soils and Plants. IISS, Bhopal 31:1-77.

Singh, S.K., Kumar, M., Pandey, C.B., Ghosh, A., Mukhopadhyay, S. and Sarkar, D. 2013. Differences in soil properties between irrigation and cropping sequences in the Thar Desert of India. Arid Land Research and Management 27: 17-31. Singh, S.K., Kumar, M. and Sharma, B.K. 2009. Changes of soil properties under pearl millet production system of arid Rajasthan. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 57: 24-30. Singh, S.K., Kumar, M., Sharma, B.K. and Tarafdar, J.C. 2007. Depletion of organic carbon, phosphorus and potassium under pearl millet based cropping system in the arid region of India. Arid Land Research and Management 21: 119-131. Takkar, P.N., Nayar, V.K., Bansal, R.L. Dwivedi, R.S. and Manna, M.C. 1997. Annual Progress Report of ICAR Coordinated Micronutrient Scheme 1996-97, pp 140, PAU, Ludhiana. Tsunekawa, A., Kar, A., Yanai, J., Tanaka, U. and Miyazaki, T. 1997. Influence of continuous cultivation on the soil properties affecting crop productivity in the Thar Desert, India. Journal of Arid Environments 36: 367-384. Walkley, A., and Black, I.A. 1934. An examination of the Degtiareff method for determining soil organic carbon and proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Science 63: 29-38.

Downloads

Submitted

2020-07-31

Published

2020-07-31

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

Soil Fertility Appraisal for Hot Arid Regions of Thar Desert, Rajasthan, India. (2020). Annals of Arid Zone, 59(1 & 2). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/AAZ/article/view/103051