Agro-morphological Characterization of Cactus Pear Accessions for Fodder Purposes in Arid Gujarat


Abstract views: 71 / PDF downloads: 50

Authors

  • Anandkumar Naorem ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur 342 003, India
  • Sachin Patel ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Bhuj 370 105
  • Devi Dayal ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Bhuj 370 105

Keywords:

Bianca Macomer, CAZRI botanical garden, Opuntia ficus-indica, Prickly pear

Abstract

Belonging to the cactaceae family, Opuntia ficus-indica, popularly known as
prickly pear or cactus pear has been recommended as a drought-resilient arid crop. In
Kachchh, an arid zone in the western part of India, Opuntia ficus-indica has been increasing
cultivated as a fodder resource, mainly for its water-rich cladodes. In this regard, sixty-
two accessions of cactus pear were collected from ICAR-CAZRI, Kukma and ICARDA
and were maintained in ICAR-CAZRI, RRS-Bhuj. To conduct an agro-morphological
study aiming to understand the growth behaviour of these cactus accessions under
arid soils and the climate of Kachchh, nine phenotypic characteristics were recorded.
Based on the quantitative traits, the results of PCA showed three groups of cactus
accessions based on their growth performance. The best five accessions selected for
promotion in the Kachchh region were CAZRI Botanical Garden (CBG), No. 1270, No.
1271, No. 1308 and Bianca Macomer. Although CBG performs the best out of all these
accessions, proper care must be taken to avoid waterlogging in and around the root
zones of CBG. Therefore, cactus pear can be successfully cultivated as a fodder crop
in arid Kachchh and can address the unavailability of green fodder in dry seasons and
poor soils of Kachchh.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Downloads

Submitted

16-03-2023

Published

28-03-2023

How to Cite

Agro-morphological Characterization of Cactus Pear Accessions for Fodder Purposes in Arid Gujarat. (2023). Annals of Arid Zone, 61(2), 105-110. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/AAZ/article/view/134376