Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) Research in India: A Scientometric Journey through the Last Two Decades (2000-2022)

Abstract views: 581 / PDF downloads: 240

Pearl millet scientometric journey


  • Anandkumar Naorem ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur 342 003, Rajasthan
  • Saritha M. ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur 342 003, Rajasthan
  • Kiran Doodhawal ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur 342 003, Rajasthan
  • Tejaswini Jaajpera ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur 342 003, Rajasthan
  • Basta Ram ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur 342 003, Rajasthan
  • Shrvan Kumar ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur 342 003, Rajasthan
  • N.R. Panwar ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur 342 003, Rajasthan
  • K.K. Meena ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Jodhpur 342 003, Rajasthan


bibliometric, co-authorship, collaboration, co-occurrence, trend topics, H-index


Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.), a member of the Poaceae family, is a widely cultivated cereal crop and considered to be one of the most important millet crops globally due to its remarkable drought tolerance, adaptability to marginal environments, and high nutritional value. This scientometric study aims to identify the most relevant sources of information in the field of pearl millet research in India during 2000-2022. A total of 844 documents from 181 sources were identified, indicating a moderate level of research activity. The average citations per document were 13.42, suggesting that the research landscape in India has received a reasonable level of attention in the scientific community. The highest number of articles published were in 2021 (55) followed by 2020 (51) and 2018 (44). The data showed that the Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences was the most prolific and the other journals maintained a relatively stable production over time. The most frequent topics were downy mildew, Sclerospora graminicola, and sorghum. The results suggest that India has established collaborative relationships with various countries worldwide to produce scientific papers.


Download data is not yet available.


Agrawal, H., Joshi, R. and Gupta, M. 2016. Isolation, purification and characterization of antioxidative peptide of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) protein hydrolysate. Food Chemistry 204: 365-372.

Anonymous. 2020. Directorate of Millets Development, Department of Agriculture, Co-operation & Farmers’ Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare, Government of India.

Anonymous. 2021. Project Coordinator Review. ICARAICRP on Pearl Millet, Jodhpur, Rajasthan.

Aria, M. and Cuccurullo, C. 2017. Bibliometrix : An R-tool for comprehensive science mapping analysis. Journal of Informetrics 11(4): 959-975.

Börner, K., Chen, C. and Boyack, K.W. 2003. Visualizing knowledge domains. Annual Review of Information Science and Technology 37(1): 179255.

Bradford, S.C. 1934. Sources of Information on Scientific Subjects. Engineering: An Illustrated Weekly Journal 137: 85-86.

Butler, E.J. 1907. Some diseases of cereals caused by Sclerospora graminicola. Memoirs of the Department of Agriculture in India, Botanical Series 2: 1-24.

Cobo, M.J., López-Herrera, A.G., Herrera-Viedma, E. and Herrera, F. 2011. Science mapping software tools: Review, analysis, and cooperative study among tools. Journal of the American Society for information Science and Technology 62(7): 13821402.

Ghosh, P.K. 2004. Growth, yield, competition and economics of groundnut/cereal fodder intercropping systems in the semi-arid tropics of India. Field Crops Research 88(2-3): 227-237.

Gopalan, C., Rama Sastri, B.V. and Balasubramanian, S.C. 2003. Nutritive value of Indian Foods. Hyderabad: National Institute of Nutrition.

Guler, A.T., Waaijer, C.J., and Palmblad, M. 2016. Scientific workflows for bibliometrics. Scientometrics 107(2): 385-398.

Jukanti, A.K., Gowda, C.L.L., Rai, K.N., Manga, V.K. and Bhatt, R.K. 2016. Crops that feed the world 11. Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.): An important source of food security, nutrition and health in the arid and semi-arid tropics. Food Security 8(2): 307-329.

Khairwal, I.S., Rai, K.N., Diwakar, B., Sharma, Y.K., Rajpurohit, B.S., Nirwan, B. and Bhattacharjee, R. 2007. Pearl millet: Crop management and seed production Manual. ICRISAT, Andhra Pradesh, India. pp. 104.

Kholová, J., Hash, C.T., Kakkera, A., Kocová, M. and Vadez, V. 2010a. Constitutive water-conserving mechanisms are correlated with the terminal drought tolerance of pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.]. Journal of Experimental Botany 61(2): 369-377.

Kholová, J., Hash, C.T., Kumar, P.L., Yadav, R.S., Kocová, M. and Vadez, V. 2010b. Terminal drought-tolerant pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.] have high leaf ABA and limit transpiration at high vapour pressure deficit. Journal of Experimental Botany 61(5): 1431-1440.

Masto, R.E., Chhonkar, P.K., Singh, D. and Patra, A.K. 2007. Soil quality response to long-term nutrient and crop management on a semi-arid Inceptisol. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 118(1-4): 130-142.

Masto, R.E., Chhonkar, P.K., Singh, D. and Patra, A.K. 2008. Alternative soil quality indices for evaluating the effect of intensive cropping, fertilisation and manuring for 31 years in the semi-arid soils of India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 136(1-3): 419-435.

Rai, K.N., Gowda, C.L.L., Reddy, B.V.S. and Sehgal, S. 2008. Adaptation and potential uses of sorghum and pearl millet in alternative and health foods. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 7: 340–352.

Satyavathi, C.T., Ambawat, S., Khandelwal, V. and Srivastava, R.K. 2021. Pearl millet: A climate resilient nutricereal for mitigating hidden hunger and provide nutritional security. Frontiers in Plant Science 12: 659938.

Saxena, A., Singh, D.V., Joshi, N.L., Singh, R.S. and Kumar, P. 2005. Production potential of cropping systems for rainfed situations. Annals of Arid Zone 44(2): 141-146.

Sharma, A., and Choudhary, M. 2012. Development and quality evaluation of pearl millet based antidiabetic

flour. Annals of Arid Zone 51(2): 105-108.

Shetty, H.S., Raj Niranjan, S., Kini, K.R., Bishnoi, H.R., Sharma, R., Rajpurohit, B.S., Mahala, R.S., Yadav, H.P., Gupta, S.K. and Yadav, O.P. 2016. Downy mildew of pearl millet and its management. All India Coordinated Research Project on Pearl Millet (Indian Council of Agricultural Research), Mandor, Jodhpur. 342304: 53pp.

Singh, S.D. 1994. Recycling of pearl millet cultivars for the control of downy mildew. Indian Journal of Plant Protection 22: 164-169.

Singh, S.D. 1995. Downy mildew of pearl millet. Plant Disease 79: 545-550.

Singh, S.D., King, S.B. and Werder, J. 1993. Downy mildew disease of pearl millet. Information Bulletin no. 37, ICRISAT, Andhra Pradesh, India. pp. 36.

Singh, S.D., Wilson, J.P., Navi, S.S., Talukdar, B.S., Hess, D.E. and Reddy, K.N. 1997. Screening techniques and sources of resistance to downy mildew and rust in pearl millet. Information Bulletin no. 48. ICRISAT, Andhra Pradesh, India. 36p.

Srinivasarao, Ch., Venkateswarlu, B., Lal, R., Singh, A.K., Kundu, S., Vittal, K.P.R., Patel, J.J. and Patel, M.M. 2014. Long-term manuring and fertilizer effects on depletion of soil organic carbon stocks under pearl millet-cluster bean-castor rotation in Western India: Long-term manuring and fertilizer effects on SOC stocks. Land

Degradation & Development 25(2): 173-183.

Tetarwal, J.P., Rana, K.S. and Ram, B. 2011. Production potential, moisture use and economic viability of pearl millet intercropped with moth bean under rainfed situations. Annals of Arid Zone 50(2): 139-144.

van Eck, N.J. and Waltman, L. 2010. Software survey: VOSviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping. Scientometrics 84(2): 523–538.

Varshney, R.K., Shi, C., Thudi, M., Mariac, C., Wallace, J., Qi, P., Zhang, H., Zhao, Y., Wang, X., Rathore, A., Srivastava, R.K., Chitikineni, A., Fan, G., Bajaj, P., Punnuri, S., Gupta, S.K., Wang, H., Jiang, Y., Couderc, M., et al., 2017. Pearl millet genome sequence provides a resource to improve agronomic traits in arid environments.

Nature Biotechnology 35(10): 969-976.

Yadav, O.P., Gupta, S.K., Govindaraj, M., Sharma, R., Varshney, R.K., Srivastava, R.K., Rathore, A. and Mahala, R.S. 2021. Genetic gains in pearl millet in India: Insights into historic breeding strategies and future perspective. Frontiers in Plant Science 12.

Yadav, O.P., Singh, D.V., Dhillon, B.S. and Mohapatra, T. 2019. India’s evergreen revolution in cereals. Current Science 116(11): 1805.

Zupic, I. and Cater, T. 2015. Bibliometric methods in management and organization. Organizational Research Methods 18(3): 429-472.






How to Cite

Pearl Millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) Research in India: A Scientometric Journey through the Last Two Decades (2000-2022): Pearl millet scientometric journey. (2023). Annals of Arid Zone, 62(1), 1-17.