Relative Yield, Profit and Water Productivity of Crops in IGNP Stage-I


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Authors

  • V S Rathore ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Bikaner 334 004, India
  • N D Yadava ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Bikaner 334 004, India
  • V Nangia International Centre for Research in Dry Areas, Jordan
  • R Kumar Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner 334 004, India
  • Birbal Birbal ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Bikaner 334 004, India
  • M L Soni ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Bikaner 334 004, India
  • Amit Kumawat ICAR-Central Arid Zone Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Bikaner 334 004, India

Abstract

The choice of an appropriate crop and cropping systems is essential for achieving higher yield, profit and resource use efficiencies. Yield, returns and water productivity are important factors for determining suitability of crops and cropping systems in hot arid environment. A two-year (2012-13 and 2013-14) study was conducted in IGNP stage-I command area to determine productivity, profitability and water productivity of different crops and cropping systems. Yield, profit and water productivity varied markedly among different crops and cropping systems. The economic yield of crops varied from 1.6 Mg ha-1 to 4.2 Mg haha-1; and biomass yield varied from 5.8 Mg haha-1 to 10.1 Mg haha-1. The net return varied from Rs. 31421 haha-1 to Rs. 213680 haha-1. The clusterbean had highest profit followed by cotton, wheat, barley and Indian mustard. Clusterbean and wheat was the most profitable crop of kharif and rabi season, respectively. Among the kharif season crops, the clusterbean was 1.4-times more water productive than cotton, and among rabi season crops, barley was 1.3- and 1.6-times more water productive than wheat and Indian mustard, respectively. Cotton–wheat cropping sytem had highest yield followed by cotton-barley, clusterbean-wheat, cotton-mustard, and clusterbean-mustard systems. The clusterbean based cropping systems were more profitable and water use efficiecnt than cotton based cropping systems.

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Submitted

2017-01-05

Published

2017-01-05

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Articles

How to Cite

Relative Yield, Profit and Water Productivity of Crops in IGNP Stage-I. (2017). Annals of Arid Zone, 55(3 & 4). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/AAZ/article/view/66646