Identification of Desertification Hot Spot Using Aridity Index


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Authors

  • Viral Dave Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Gandhinagar 382 007, India
  • Megha Pandya Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Gandhinagar 382 007, India
  • Ranendu Ghosh Dhirubhai Ambani Institute of Information and Communication Technology, Gandhinagar 382 007, India

Abstract

Aridity index (AI) is a useful parameter to study desertification condition and its pattern. The AI formulation adopted by United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), and United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), represents a simple but effective scientific investigation tool. AI is calculated by dividing the total annual precipitation by the annual potential evapotranspiration (PET). The objective of this paper is to study and identify the desertification hotspot using the AI over the Gujarat state. Desertification hot spots are the vulnerable areas within defined aridity zones. The weather data e.g. minimum temperature, maximum temperature, solar radiation, wind speed, humidity and rainfall for more than 18 locations all over Gujarat for the past 20 years has been used in this study. FAO Penman-Monteith method was used to calculate PET. Which along with rainfall were used to calculate AI for different locations. Annual AI map for the whole Gujarat has been generated using these values and compared with CGIAR based aridity map. MODIS-Terra NDVI product for the past 20 year period of rabi season has been used to get a correlation of AI with NDVI. In addition to comparing annual AI and NDVI data, thirty years average AI map has been generated for the State.
Key words: Desertification, aridity index, NDVI, potential evapotranspiration

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References

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Submitted

2019-07-31

Published

2019-08-20

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Articles

How to Cite

Identification of Desertification Hot Spot Using Aridity Index. (2019). Annals of Arid Zone, 58(1 & 2). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/AAZ/article/view/92231