Gastrointestinal parasitic infections in cattle farms of Sikkim


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Authors

  • PAPRI PAL RA, ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Sikkim Centre, Gangtok, Sikkim 737102 India
  • L R CHATLOD Scientist, National Research Centre on Meat, Chengicherla, Hyderabad
  • R K AVASTHE Joint Director, ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Sikkim Centre, Gangtok, Sikkim 737102 India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v85i6.49271

Keywords:

Gastrointestinal parasites, Prevalence, Sikkim, Small scale dairy farm

Abstract

Of the total 303 faecal samples examined, 61 (20.13%) of them were found positive for different parasitic infections with eggs per gram of faeces (EPG) range of 100-700. The incidence was significantly lower in Government cattle farm (11.42%) than that of privately managed farms (22.75%). The most prevalent gastrointestinal helminth parasite eggs detected were strongyles (18.81%), Moniezia (11.22%), Ascaris (8.25%), Strongyloides (6.6%), coccidian oocyst (3.96%), Trichuris spp (2.31%), Nematodirus (1.66%) and amphistome (1.65%) in decreasing order. The prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitic infection was high in July (31.25%) and low in January (8.7%). Intensity of strongyle infection in terms of epg showed no variations when different ages, body conditions, breeds and lactation conditions were compared. The seasonal distribution of gastrointestinal parasitism indicated a higher percentage of infection during summer (29.11%) followed by spring (22.22%) and autumn (19.22%). The infection rate was significantly lower in winter (10.0%).

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References

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Submitted

2015-06-09

Published

2015-06-09

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How to Cite

PAL, P., CHATLOD, L. R., & AVASTHE, R. K. (2015). Gastrointestinal parasitic infections in cattle farms of Sikkim. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 85(6), 555–558. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v85i6.49271
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