Effect of grazing period management on growth performances of camel in climate change condition

Abstract views: 170 / PDF downloads: 14


  • CHAMPAK BHAKAT Principal Scientist, LPM, ERS, NDRI, Kalyani, Nadia
  • SANJAY KUMAR Scientist, National Research Centre on Camel, Jorbeer, Bikaner, Rajasthan 334 001 India
  • KASHI NATH Veterinary Officer, NRCC, Bikaner. National Research Centre on Camel, Jorbeer, Bikaner, Rajasthan 334 001 India



Biometrics, Camel, Climate change, Economics, Farmers


In order to decide the optimum time of grazing for camels during hot summer months, 10 growing camel calves were divided into 2 equal groups. First group was sent for grazing during 10:00 h to 16:00 h daily and second group allowed for grazing during thermo neutral period. The climatic variables were recorded daily (April 2012 to March 2013). The average daily gain and total body weight gain in calves sent for grazing during relatively cool parts of day (group 2) was significantly higher as compared to group 1 calves sent as per routine farm schedule. The average intake of fodder and water from manger was higher in group 1 calves. The average DMI from manger for group 1 calves was higher as compared to group 2 calves. The comparative biometrics of camel calves in different grazing management practices revealed that body length, heart girth, height at wither, neck length were significantly (P<0.01) higher in group 2 calves as compared to group 1 calves. After 180 days of experimentation, hump circumference vertical and hind leg length were significantly (P<0.05) increased in group 2 as compared to group 1. Analysis of recorded data of climatic parameters revealed that average maximum temperature was higher during June 2012. The values of THI also were higher in monsoon and post monsoon months hence the practice of sending camel calves during relatively comfortable part of hot and hot humid months was successful in getting good growth. The relative humidity was significantly higher during morning as compared to evening period for all months. The THI was significantly lower during morning as compared to evening hours for all months in different climate for whole year. Economic analysis reveals that the cost of feed per kg body weight gain was quite less in group 2 as compared to group 1. So the practice of grazing of camel calves during cool hours of day remain profitable for farmers by looking at the body weight gain and better body conformation in climate change condition.


Download data is not yet available.


Chandrabhan K, Naresh C, Bansala M K and Shashi K. 2013. Influence of temperature variability on serum biochemical profile of growing and adult cattle and buffalo. Proceedings of International conference on impact of technological tools on food security under global warming scenario. At Shobhit university, Modipuram, Meerut 250110 (UP), May 11 12, 2013, pp: 19–20.

Choudhary J L and Tiwari G S. 2010. Effect of energy supplement fed moth straw based diets on nutrient intake and utilization in draught camels. Journal of Camel Practice and Research 17 (2): 269–72.

Champak Bhakat, Chaturvedi D, Raghavendra S and Nagpal P K. 2004. Studies on camel management under various microenvironments of shelter systems. Indian Journal of Dairy Science 57 (5): 347–53.

Higgins A J and Kock R A. 1984. A guide to the clinical examination, chemical restraint and medication of the camel. British Veterinary Journal 60 (3) 485–503. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0007-1935(84)90045-9

Khanna N D, Rai A K and Tandon S N. 1990. Breeding parameters of Indian camels. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 60 (11): 1347–54.

McDowell R E. 1992. Improvement of livestock production in warm climate. W.H. Freeman and Co., San Franscisco.

Patil N V. 2006. Major nutritional implications and strategies to overcome ill effects of drought in Livestock Lecture note ICAR Short course on Feeding livestock during drought and scarcity,Nov.1 10,2006 CAZRI,Jodhpur.p : 9–20. Patil N V, Mathur B K, Patel A K, Bohra H C and Khan M S. 2006. Growth performance of arid breed kids weaned at different ages and received on complete feed block. Proceedings of Animal Nutrition Workers Association Conference. pp., 78. SKUAT, Jammu, September15–17, 2006.

Sahani M S, Khanna N D and Tandon S N. 1992. Studies on quantitative and qualitative genetic parameters in Indian camels. Annual Report, NRCC, Bikaner, pp. 31–42.

Singh G P, Nagpal A K, Saini N and Jayant P. 2000. Studies on feed requirement and feed resources evaluation for optimum production. Annual Report, NRCC, Bikaner, pp. 26–34.

Snedecor W G and Cochran G W. 1989. Statistical methods. Oxford and IBH publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, India. Tandon S N, Khanna N D and Sharma N. 1993. To develop suitable management practices for rearing camels. Annual Report, NRCC, Bikaner, pp. 45 49.









How to Cite

BHAKAT, C., KUMAR, S., & NATH, K. (2015). Effect of grazing period management on growth performances of camel in climate change condition. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 85(6), 638–642. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v85i6.49334