Developing Model for Diffusion of Farmers’ Innovations for Maximizing Farm Income: Indian Agricultural Research Institute Experiences

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  • Manjeet Singh Nain ICAR-IARI, New Delhi
  • Rashmi Singh ICAR-IARI, New Delhi
  • J. R. Mishra ICAR-IARI, New Delhi
  • Anil Kumar Singh ICAR-IARI,Regional Station, Indore


Farmers’ innovations, Scalability, Social media, Networking, Innovators’ meet


Indian farmers have also been continuously improving available technologies for more efficient and cost-effective farming, which resulted in numerous innovations over the generations and helped in improving farming practices ensuring better livelihood options. The action research was carried out from 2015 to 2021 to document, verify, scalability testing, developing, sharing and scaling mechanisms, identifying support mechanisms and finally devising scaling mechanisms for higher profits, reduced costs, enterprise development, enhanced employment opportunities, and capacities, growth and survival. The results of various interventions showed that FLIs were mostly reconfiguration of existing resources giving incremental adjustments. All innovators studied expressed dissatisfaction with the pre-existing economic returns of farming thus pushing them to innovate. The economic effect of the farmers’ innovations in terms of changes in income, changes in savings of stakeholders, changes in capital owned, and changes in credit availability were expressed on average.. The innovations that were economically viable and found sustainable sources of funding were able to translate into entrepreneurial ventures having higher income and profits. The conceptual model for scaling farmers’ innovations was found effective based on experiences and interventions.


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How to Cite

Developing Model for Diffusion of Farmers’ Innovations for Maximizing Farm Income: Indian Agricultural Research Institute Experiences. (2024). Indian Journal of Extension Education, 60(1), 105-110.

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