Ichthyofaunal diversity of the major Indian rivers: A review


Abstract views: 598 / PDF downloads: 32

Authors

  • Basanta K. Das
  • Dibakar Bhakta
  • Lohith Kumar
  • Sangeetha M. Nair
  • Satish K. Koushlesh
  • Sajina A. M.
  • Roshith C. M.
  • S. Samanta

https://doi.org/10.47780/jifsi.53.1-2.2021.115769

Abstract

t In the present communication, an attempt has been made to review the ichthyofaunal diversity of the important Indian rivers such as Ganga, Brahmaputra, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery, Tapti, Narmada, Yamuna, etc. Secondary data in the form of research articles, technical reports, technical bulletins, books, etc., were reviewed, bulk of which were published by ICAR-CIFRI and a few other institutions. Among these rivers, the fish diversity of the Yamuna, the Gandak, the Kathajodi, and the Tons (Tamas) have been studied for the first time by ICAR-CIFRI. River Ganga was the most frequently studied river while the ichthyofaunal studies of the river Tapti was done in a gap of over 50 years. Similarly, the entire stretch of the river Cauvery was studied after a gap of 28 years. The study highlights the need to explore fish fauna of the whole stretches of the major rivers of India at regular intervals to build a comparable database that might be utilized by the stakeholders for research, planning and management activities.

Key words Fish biodiversity, Ganga, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna, Cauvery

References

Bakshi, A., Panigrahi, A. and Mondal, A. 2016. Seasonal variation of aquatic diversity of a lotic ecosystem-a case study of River Churni, West Bengal. International Journal of Applied and Pune Science and Agriculture, 2(7): 9-16.

Balasundaram, C., Dheepa, A. and Mariappan, P. 1999. Fish diversity in Grand Anicut, River Cauvery (Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu). Zoos' Print, 14(8): 87-88.

Bhakta, D., Meetei, W. A., Vaisakh, G., Kamble, S., Das, S. K., Das and B. K. 2018. Finfish Diversity of Narmada Estuary in Gujarat of India. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, 72(3): 257-262.

Bhakta, D., Solanki, S., Vadhel, N., Meetei, W. A., Kamble, S. P., Chandra, G., Samanta, S. and Das, B. K. 2020. Finfish Diversity of River Narmada and Its Tributaries. Proceedings ofthe Zoological Society, doi.org/10.1007/ s12595-020-00336-4.

Bhakta, J. N. and Bandyopadhyay, P. K. 2007. Exotic fish biodiversity in Churni River of West Bengal, India. Electronic Journal of Biology, 3(1): 13-17.

Bhattacharjya, B. K., Bhaumik, U. and Sharma, A. P. 2017. Fish habitat and fisheries of Brahmaputra River in Assam, India. Aquatic Ecosystem Health &Management, 20(1-2): 102-115.

Bhattacharjya, B. K., Choudhury, M. and Sugunan V. V. 2004. Icthyofaunistic resources of Assam with a note on their sustainable utilization. In: P.C. Mahanta, L.K. Tyagi (Eds.), Participatory approach for fish biodiversity conservation in North East India, Workshop Proceedings, NBFGR, Lucknow, pp. 87-105.

Bhattacharya, M., Chini, D. S., Kar, A., Patra, B. C., Malick, R. C. and Das, B. K. 2020. Assessment and modeling of fish diversity related to water bodies of Bankura district, West Bengal, India, for sustainable management of culture practices. Environment,

Development and Sustainability, 22(2): 971-984.

Chacko, P. I., Kuriyan, G. K. and Thyagarajan, S. 1954. A survey of the Fisheries the Cauvery River. Contributions of the Freshwater Fisheries Biological Station, Madras, 12: 1-19.

Chaudhari, M. S. and Patil, Y. B. 2010. Diversity of fish fauna in river Tapi, Bhusawal tehsil. International Referred Research Journal, 1(15):73-74.

Choubey K. and Qureshi Y. 2013. Study of Ichthyofaunal Biodiversity of Rajnandgaon town, CG, India. International Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 2: 21-24

CIFRI 2020a Annual Report, January-December 2020. ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Kolkata. CIFRI, 2000b River Godavari- Environment and Fishery, ICAR-CIFRI Bulletin No.102, 27 p.

CIFRI, 2015. Annual Report 2014-2015. ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Kolkata. 163 p.

CIFRI, 2017. Annual Report 2016-2017. ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Kolkata. 232 p.

CIFRI, 2018. Annual Report 2017-2018. ICAR-Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Kolkata. 242 p.

CIFRI, 2019. Annual Report, April-December 2019. ICARCentral Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Kolkata. 376 p.

Das M. K.; Samanta, S., Mitra, K., Bandyopadhyay M. K. and Bhowmick S. 2014. Assessment of fishery and ecological integrity of the anthropogenically stressed river Churni, India. Journal of the Inland Fisheries Society of India. 46 (1), 09 - 28.

Das M. K., Samanta, S., Sajina A. M., Sudheesan D., Naskar M.,

Bandopadhyay M. K., Paul S.K.; Bhowmick S. and Srivastava P.K. 2016. Fish diversity, community structure and ecological integrity of river Brahmani. Journal of the Inland Fisheries Society of India. 48 (1), 01 - 13.

Das, A. K., Manna, R. K., Rao, D. S. K., Jha, B. C., Naskar, M. and Sharma, A. P. 2017. Status of the River Krishna: Water quality and riverine environment in relation to fisheries. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 20(1-2): 160-174.

Das, B. K., Boruah, P. and Kar, D. 2014. Fish diversity and drainage analysis of River Siang, East Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh. Bioscience Discovery, 6(1-I):16-20.

Das, B. K., Boruah, P. and Kar, D. 2017. Icthyofaunal Diversity of Siang River in Arunachal Pradesh, India. Proceedings of the Zoological Society, 70: 52-60.

Das, B. K., Ray, A. Baitha, R., Johnson, C., Bhoar, M., Verma, S. K., Alam, A. and Jha, D. 2020a. Commercial Fishes of River Ganga. ICAR- Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore, Kolkata and National Mission for Clean Ganga, New Delhi. 170 p.

Das, B. K., Manna, R. K., Bhor, M., Srivastava, R. S., Mohanty, T. R., Swain, H. S., Baitha, R., Ray, A. and Bayen, S. 2020b. Fish mapping of River Ganga: A GIS perspective. ICAR- Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore, Kolkata and National Mission for Clean Ganga, New Delhi. 425 p.

Das, D. 2015. Ichthyofaunal diversity of River Torsa and its tributaries at Terai region of West Bengal, India. International Journal of Science and Nature, 6(2): 256-263.

Das, M. K., Naskar, M., Mondal, M. L., Srivastava, P. K., Dey, S. and Rej, A. 2012. Influence of ecological factors on the patterns of fish species richness in tropical Indian rivers. ActaIchthyologicaetPiscatoria, 42(1):47.

Das, M. K., Sharma, A. P., Bandopadhayay, M. K., Paul, S. K. and Bhowmick, S. 2013. Environment and Fisheries of River Damodar, ICAR-CIFRI, Bulletin No.183, 68 pp.

Das, M. K., Sharma, A. P., Vass, K. K., Tyagi, R. K., Suresh, V. R., Naskar, M. and AkolkarA. B. 2013. Fish diversity, community structure and ecological integrity of the tropical River Ganges, India. Aquatic Ecosystem Health &Management, 16(4): 395-407.

Das, S. C. S., Khan, A., Alam, A., Dubey, V. K. and Joshi, K. D. 2020. Piscine diversity, Community structure and distribution patterns of the West Ramganga River: A mid-Himalayan tributary of River Ganga. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 90(1): 109-115.

Das, S. K. and Chakrabarty, D. 2007. The use of fish community structure as a measure of ecological degradation: A case study in two tropical rivers of India.Biosystems, 90(1): 188-196.

David, A. 1963. Studies on fish and fisheries of the Godavari and

the Krishna river systems. Part I and III. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section B-Biological Sciences, 33(2): 263-293.

Dey, A. and Sarkar, D. 2015. In search of Ichthyofauna diversity: A study on Torsa river in Cooch Behar district of West Bengal. International Journal of Pure and Applied Biosciences, 3(4): 235-241.

Dey, S., Roy, U. S and Pal, A. 2013. Studies on fish fauna at Durgapur barrage and its adjacent wetland areas with an eye to the physico-chemical conditions of Damodarriver from Durgapur, West Bengal, India. Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation, 8(1): 17-22.

Dubey, V. K, Kumar Sarkar, U., Pandey, A. and Singh Lakra, W. 2013. Fish communities and trophic metrics as measures of ecological degradation: a case study in the tributaries of the river Ganga basin, India. Revista de Biologia Tropical, 61(3): 1351-1363.

Froese, R. and Pauly. D. (Eds.) 2021. FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (06/2021).

Hamilton, F. 1822. An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches. Edinburg and London, VIII + 405 pp, 39 pis.

Hora, S. L. 1937. Notes on fishes in the Indian Museum. XXVIII.

On three collections of fish from Mysore and Coorg, South India. Records of the Indian Museum, 39(1):5-28.

Jayaram, K. C, Venkateswarlu, T. and Raghunathan, M.B. 1982.

A survey of the Cauvery river system with a major account of its Fish Fauna. Occasional Paper No. 36 Records of Zoological Survey of India, 115 pp.

Jayaram, K. C. 1981. The Freshwater Fishes of India, Pakistan,

Bangladesh, Burma and Sri Lanka. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, 475 pp.

Jayaram, K. C. 1995. The Krishna River System Bioresources Study. Occasional paper No-160, Records of Zoological Society of India, Kolkata, 167 pp.

Jerdon, T. C. 1849. The fishes of Southern India. Madras Journal of Literature and Science, 15: 139-149, 302-346.

Joshi K. D., Alam Md. A., Jha D. N., Srivastava K., Srivastava S. K., Kumar V. and Sharma A. P. 2017. Studies on ecology, fish diversity and fisheries of Ken-Betwa rivers (India): Proposed for inter-linking, Aquatic Ecosystem Health &Management, 20(1-2): 71-85.

Joshi, K. D., Alam, A., Jha, D. N., Srivastava, S. K. and Kumar, V. 2016. Fish diversity, composition and invasion of exotic fishes in river Yamuna under altered water quality conditions. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 86(8): 957-963.

Karamchandani, S. J. and Pisolkar, M. D. 1967. Survey of the fish and fisheries of the Tapti river. Survey Report No. 4, Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore.37 pp.

Kharat, S. S., Paingankar, M. and Dahanukar, N. 2012. CEPF Western Ghats Special Series: Freshwater fish fauna of Krishna River at Wai, northern Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 4(6): 2644-2652.

Khedkar, G. D., Jamdade, R., Naik, S., David, L. and Haymer, D. 2014a. DNA barcodes for the fishes of the Narmada, one of India's longest rivers. PLoS One, 9(7): p.e101460.

Khedkar, G. D., Lutzky, S., Rathod, S., Kalyankar, A. and David, L. 2014b. A dual role of dams in fragmentation and support of fish diversity across the Godavari River basin in India. Ecohydrology, 7(6): 1560-1573.

Kokate, A. A., Bhoxsale, B. P. and Chogale, N. D. 2017. Comparison of ichthyofaunal diversity of Sangli region of Krishna River, Maharashtra, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5(4): 292-300.

Kumar, H. V., Krishna, P. V. and Rao, M. K. 2015. Fish faunal Diversity and Conservation Status of River Krishna at Vijayawada Region, Andhra Pradesh, India. International Journal of Advanced Research, 3: 1040-1045

Lakra, W. S., Sarkar, U. K., Kumar, R. S., Pandey, A., Dubey, V. K. and Gusain, O. P. 2010a. Fish diversity, habitat ecology and their conservation and management issues of a tropical River in Ganga basin, India. The Environmentalist, 30(4): 306-319.

Lakra, W.S., Sarkar, U.K., Gopalakrishnan, A. and Kathirvelpandian, A. 2010b. Threatened Freshwater Fishes of India. NBFGR Publ. Lucknow, 20 p.

Laxmappa, B., Bakshi, R. R. and Narayana, D. V. S. 2015. Studies on ichthyofaunal diversity of Krishna River in Mahabubnagar district, Telangana, India. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 2(5):99-104.

Lohar, P. S. and Borse, S. K. 2003. Diversity of fish fauna in river Tapi, Maharashtra. Journal of Aquatic Biology, 18(2): 47-49.

Manickam, R., Kavitha, M., Ramkumar, R., Anandhi, M. and Perumal, P. 2014. Ichthyological survey of the checklist of fauna in Stanley Reservoir, Tamil Nadu, South India-Diversity, Distribution, Threats and conservation action. Discovery life, 6(16): 21-30.

Menon, A.G.K. 1974. A checklist of fishes of Himalayan and the Indo-Gangetic plains. Special publication Inland Fisheries Society of India. 1: 1-136

Montana, C. G., Choudhary, S. K. Dey, S. andWinemiller, K. O. 2011. Compositional trends of fisheries in the River Ganges, India. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 18 (4): 282-296.

Motwani, M. P., Jayaram, K. C. and Sehegal, K. L. 1962. Fish and fisheries of the Brahmaputra river system, Assam. I. Fish fauna with observations on their zoogeographical distribution. Tropical Ecology, 3(1-2):17-43.

Nelson, J. S., Grande, T. C. and Wilson, M. V. 2016. Fishes of the world. Hoboken: Wiley. Patel, G., Chari, M. S, Kumar, S., Bhakta, D., Behera, S., Verma, N.K., Chawan, R.R., Kumar, V. and Ahmad, A. 2016. Fish fauna diversity of Mahanadi river in Raigarh district, Chhattisgarh. Journal of Experimental Zoology India, 19(1): 1285-1289.

Pathak, A. K., Kantharajan, G., Saini, V. P., Kumar, R., Dayal, R., Mohindra, V. and Lal, K. K. 2020. Fish community and habitat diversity profiling of Luni, an ephemeral saline river from Thar Desert of India for conservation and management. Community Ecology, 21(3): 303-316.

Pathak, V. and Tyagi, R. K. 2010. Riverine ecology and fisheries vis-Ã -vis hydrodynamic alterations: impacts and remedial measures. ICAR-CIFRI, Bull. No. 161, 42 p.

Pathak, V. Shrivastava, N. P., Chakraborty, P. K. and Das, A. K. 2007. Ecological status and production dynamics of River Mahanadi, ICAR- CIFRI Bulletin No.149, 39 pp.

Patil, R. G. and Gujar, M. P. 2015. Ichthyofaunal diversity in Krishna River in Satara district, Maharashtra, India. International Journal of Researches in Biosciences, Agriculture and Technology. 3(2): 340-344.

Poff N. L. and Zimmerman, J. K. H. 2010. Ecological responses to altered flow regimes: a literature review to inform the science and management of environmental flows. Freshwater Biology, 55(1): 194-205.

Pradhan, N. S., Das, P. J., Gupta, N. and Shrestha, A. B. 2021.

Sustainable Management Options for Healthy Rivers in South Asia: The Case of Brahmaputra. Sustainability, 13(3): 1087. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031087.

Rao, K. S., Chatterjee, S. N. and Singh. A. K. 1991. Studies on pre impoundment fishery potential of Narmada basin (western region) in the context of Indira Sagar, Maheshwar, Omkareshwar and SardarSarovar Reservoirs. Journal of the Inland Fisheries Society of India, 23(1):34-41.

Saha, M. K. and Patra, B. C. 2013. Present status of ichthyofaunal diversity of Damodarriver at Burdwan district, West Bengal, India. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(6): 1-11.

Sarkar, D., Dey, A. and Ray, N. 2015. Indigenous Ornamental Fish Diversity in Torsa and Ghargharia: Nature's Conservation Strategy. Journal of Agriculture and Technology, 2(1&2): 21-27.

Sarkar, U. K., Pathak, A. K. Sinha, R. K., Sivakumar, K., Pandian, A. K., Pandey, A., Dubey, V. K. andLakra, W. S. 2012. Freshwater fish biodiversity in the River Ganga (India): changing pattern, threats and conservation perspectives. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 22(1): 251-272.

Sarkar, U. K., Lakra, W. S., Dubey, V. K., Pandey, A., Tripathi, M., Sani, R. and Awasthi, A. 2014. Freshwater Fish Diversity in the River Ken of Ganga Basin: Abundance, Threats and Their Management. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences, 84(4): 1043-1051.

Selvaraj, C. 2000. River Godavari - Environment and Fishery. Bulletin No. 102. ICAR-CIFRI, Barrackpore, India.

Sharma, A. P., Das, M. K., Vass, K. K. and Tyagi, R. K. 2017.

Patterns of fish diversity, community structure and ecological integrity of River Yamuna, India. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 20(1-2): 30-42.

Shrivastava, N. P., Jha, B. C., Nath, D. and Karmakar, H. C. 2009. Krishna estuary-ecology and fisheries. Bulletin No. 158. ICAR-CIFRI, Barrackpore, India.

Singh, H. R. and Johal, M.S. 2009. Present status of fish species

diversity of the River Ganges in the vicinity of Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. Acta Universitatis Carolinae Environmentalica, 1(2): 69-78.

Singh, S. N. 2009. River Narmada its Environment and Fisheries. (ICAR-CIFRI Bulletin No. 157): 64 p.

Singh, T. K. 2014. Fish Diversity in Selected Stretch of the River Mahanadi in Odisha and the Livelihood of Inhabiting Fisher Community. International Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 3: 98-104.

Singh T.K., Swain S. K. and Guru B.C. 2020. Fish diversity of Mahanadi River (Odisha Part), threats and conservation measures. International Journal of Life Sciences, 8(2): 355-371.

Sinha M. and Khan M. A. 2001. Impact of environmental aberrations on fisheries of the Ganga (Ganges) River. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 4: 493-504.

Sinha, M., De, D. K., Jha, B.C., 1998. The Ganga-Environment and fishery. Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore, India. 142 p.

Solanki, M. S., Bannatwala, R. C., Kakodia, P., Mishra, P. K., Nagle, B. D. and Tharani, M. 2010. A survey of fish and fisheries of the Tapti river of Betul district of Madhya Pradesh. Research Link, 72(1): 6-7.

Sreenivasan, N., Mahesh, N. and Raghavan, R. 2021. Freshwater fishes of Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuary, Western Ghats of Karnataka, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 13(1): 17470-17476.

Srivastava, P. K. 2013. Fish diversity and conservation perspectives of Gandak River, India. Our Nature, 11(1): 76-84.

Tamboli R. K and Jha Y. N. 2010. Status of piscine diversity of river Mahanadi in Janjgir - Champa District. International Research Journal Lab to Land, 2(6): 139- 143.

Vass, K. K, Das, M. K, Tyagi, R. K, Katiha, P. K, Samanta, S., Srivastava, N. P., Bhattacharjya, B. K., Suresh, V. R, Pathak, V., Chandra, G., Debnath, D. and Gopal, B. 2011. Strategies for Sustainable Fisheries in the Indian Part of the Ganga Brahmaputra River Basins. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental

Sciences, 37(4): 157-218.

Vishwanath, W. 2017. Diversity and conservation status of freshwater fishes of the major rivers of northeast India. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 20(1-2): 86-101.

Downloads

Submitted

2021-09-22

Published

2021-11-12

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

Ichthyofaunal diversity of the major Indian rivers: A review. (2021). Journal of the Inland Fisheries Society of India, 53(1-2), 22-35. https://doi.org/10.47780/jifsi.53.1-2.2021.115769