Performance of five Mexican safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) varieties/breeding lines under Indian conditions


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PERFORMANCE OF MEXICAN SAFFLOWER VARIETIES/BREEDING LINES UNDER INDIAN CONDITIONS

Authors

  • P PADMAVATHI ICAR-Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana
  • P RATNAKUMAR ICAR-Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana
  • P KADIRVEL ICAR-Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana
  • N MUKTA ICAR-Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana
  • P YADAV ICAR-Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana

https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v36i1.126062

Keywords:

Indian varieties, Mexican varieties and breeding lines, Safflower, Yield potential

Abstract

Safflower (Carthamus tinctoriusL.), a drought tolerant crop, is capable of extractingmoisture fromdeeper layers ofsoil. In India, more than 80 per cent of safflower is cultivated in Vertisols of Peninsular region during post-rainy season under residual soil moisture conditions. Five Mexican varieties/breeding lines (Ciano-Lin, CCC-B4, RC-1033-L, CCC-B2 and CW-99) were evaluated in 2014-15 under irrigated conditions along with two Indian varieties (NARI-57 and PBNS-12). Significant variation was found between Mexican varieties/breeding lines and Indian varieties with respect to plant height, days to first flowering, number of capitula/plant, seed yield, biological yield, oil content and oil yield. Seed and oil yield of CCC-B2 (2259; 800 kg/ha) was on par with that of NARI-57 (2298; 719 kg/ha). The Ciano-Lin recorded significantly low seed (1266 kg/ha) and oil yield (399 kg/ha).

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References

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Submitted

2022-07-25

Published

2019-04-25

How to Cite

P PADMAVATHI, P RATNAKUMAR, P KADIRVEL, N MUKTA, & P YADAV. (2019). Performance of five Mexican safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) varieties/breeding lines under Indian conditions: PERFORMANCE OF MEXICAN SAFFLOWER VARIETIES/BREEDING LINES UNDER INDIAN CONDITIONS. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 36(1). https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v36i1.126062