Effect of phosphorus management on yield, nutrient uptake by sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) and soil fertility under irrigated conditions of southern Haryana


Abstract views: 40 / PDF downloads: 0

EFFECT OF PHOSPHORUS ON YIELD, N UPTAKE AND SOIL FERTILITY OF SOUTHERN HARYANA

Authors

  • M K JAT Regional Research Station, CCS HAU, Bawal-123 501, Haryana
  • R SINGH Regional Research Station, CCS HAU, Bawal-123 501, Haryana
  • P K YADAV Regional Research Station, CCS HAU, Bawal-123 501, Haryana
  • ABHA TIKKOO Regional Research Station, CCS HAU, Bawal-123 501, Haryana
  • R S DADARWAL Regional Research Station, CCS HAU, Bawal-123 501, Haryana
  • J S YADAV Regional Research Station, CCS HAU, Bawal-123 501, Haryana

https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v37i1.136379

Keywords:

Available soil P, Economics, Sesame, Yield, Uptake

Abstract

Field experiments were carried out during kharif season from 2015 to 2017 in randomized block design with three replications. There were five graded levels of phosphorus application viz., 0, 10, 20, 30, and 40 P2O5 kg/ha. Seed yield increased significantly with application of 20 P2O5 kg/ha. The increase in mean seed and stalk yield was 6.1, 13.2, 15.4 and 18.0% and 6.2, 14.3, 17.6 and 19.9% due to application of 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 P2O5 kg/ha, respectively over control. Application of 20 kg P2O5/ha recorded significantly higher protein content (21.10%) and oil content (48.69%) in seed, which was statistically at par with 30 and 40 kg P2O5/ha. P use efficiency varied from 14.1 to 20.3% and was maximum (20.3%) with application of 20 P2O5 kg/ha. The mean post-harvest available P status was 9.9, 11.3, 12.7, 13.5 and 14.1 kg/ha at 0, 10, 20, 30 and 40 P2O5 kg/ha, respectively. Based on the results of research experiment, on farm trials (OFT) were conducted on the farmers' fields with two treatments, control and 20 kg P2O5/ha. The result of OFT revealed that the application of 20 kg P2O5/ha increased the seed yield ofsesame by 11.71 per cent over control. Application of 20 P2O5 kg/ha was optimum for the cultivation of sesame crop in coarse textured medium phosphorus status soils under irrigated condition of south-west Haryana

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anonymous 2018. Agriculture Statistics. Directorate ofEconomics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Government of India.

El- Ghamry A M, El-Hadi K M and Ghoneem K M 2009. Amino and humic acids promote growth, yield and disease resistance of faba bean cultivated in clayey soil. Australian Journal of Basic Applied Sciences, 3: 731-739.

Gupta S K, Yadava T P, Parkash K and Thakral N K, Kumar P 1998. Influence of date of sowing on oil and fatty acid composition in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Annals of Biology, 14: 67-68.

Hanumanthappa M and Dalavai B L 2008. Dry matter production nutrient uptake and economics of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) as influenced by organic manure and fertilizer levels. Mysore Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 42(4): 629-634.

Jackson M L 1967. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp. 38-226.

Javia R M, Vora V D, Sutaria G S, Akbari, K N and Padmani D R 2010. Effect of nutrient management on productivity ofsesame and soil fertility of sandy loam soils under rainfed condition. An Asian Journal of Soil science, 5(1): 80-82.

Marschner H 1986. Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. Academic Press Inc., USA, pp. 674.

Olsen S R, Cole C W, Watanable F S and Dean L A 1954. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with NaHCO3. United States Department of Agriculture, pp.939.

Pandey S N and Sinha B K 1986. Plant Physiology. Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp. 112-130.

Patra A K 2001. Yield and quality of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) as influenced by N and P during post rainy-season. Annals of Agricultural Research, 22(2): 249-252.

Ravinder N, Satyanarayana V Rao, V P, Latchanna A and Varaprasad P V 1996. Influence of irrigation and fertilization on seed yield, nutrient uptake and fertilizer use efficiencies in summer sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Journal of Oilseeds Research, 13(2): 173-177.

Russel E W 1973. Soil conditions and plant growth. Language Book Society and Longman, London, pp. 30-37.

Sharma P B 2005. Fertilizer management in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) based intercropping systemin tawa command area. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 22(1): 63-65.

Shehu H E, Kwar J D and Sandab M K 2010. Effects of N, P and K fertilizers on yield, content and uptake of N, P and K by sesame (Sesamum indicum). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 12(6): 845-850.

Singh I, Nagda B L and Choudhary L S 1994. Response of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) varieties to nitrogen and phosphorus. Annals of Agricultural Research, 15(2): 250-251.

Thakur D S, Patel S R and Lal N 1998. Yield and quality ofsesame (Sesamum indicum L.) as influenced by nitrogen and phosphorus in light textured inceptisols. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 43(2): 325-328.

Thanki J D, Patel A M and Patel M P 2004. Effect of date of sowing, phosphorus and biofertilizer on growth, yield and quality of summer sesame. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 21(2): 301-302.

Ulukan H 2008. Effect of soil applied humic acid at different sowing times on some yield components in wheat (Triticum spp.) hybrids. International Journal of Botany, 4: 164-175.

Downloads

Submitted

2023-05-15

Published

2020-04-14

How to Cite

M K JAT, R SINGH, P K YADAV, ABHA TIKKOO, R S DADARWAL, & J S YADAV. (2020). Effect of phosphorus management on yield, nutrient uptake by sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) and soil fertility under irrigated conditions of southern Haryana: EFFECT OF PHOSPHORUS ON YIELD, N UPTAKE AND SOIL FERTILITY OF SOUTHERN HARYANA. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 37(1). https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v37i1.136379