Variation of oil content and fatty acid composition of Millettia pinnata (L.) progenies in Tamil Nadu


Abstract views: 19 / PDF downloads: 1

VARIATION OF OIL CONTENT AND FATTY ACID COMPOSITION OF MILLETTIA PINNATA PROGENIES

Authors

  • B PALANIKUMARAN Forest College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Mettupalayam-641 301, Tamil Nadu
  • K T PARTHIBAN Forest College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Mettupalayam-641 301, Tamil Nadu
  • R JUDE SUDHAGAR Forest College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Mettupalayam-641 301, Tamil Nadu
  • S VENNILA Forest College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Mettupalayam-641 301, Tamil Nadu

https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v33i4.137871

Keywords:

Fatty acid, Growth parameters, Millettia pinnata, Oil content

Abstract

Thirty progenies of Millettia pinnata commonly known as 'Pungam' were studied for seed, oil quality as well as fatty acid profile. Among the progenies, only one progeny viz., FCRIMP 2 consistently expressed superiority in all seed characteristics viz., pod length (5.56 cm), pod width (2.98 cm), seed length (2.81 cm), seed width (2.20 cm), 100-seed weight (129.63 g), germination per cent (89.67%), germination value (11.07), peak value (3.45) and oil content (37.50 %). Among the thirtyprogenies, only nine progenies viz., FCRIMP 2 (37.50%), FCRIMP 3 (33.50%), FCRIMP 4 (37.50%), FCRIMP 6 (33.50%), FCRIMP 12 (34.50%), FCRIMP 15 (35.50%), FCRIMP 22 (34.50%), FCRIMP 24 (33.50%) and FCRIMP 25 (35.50%) recorded higher oil content. The analysis offatty acid composition revealed that the major fatty acid was oleic acid (12.02 to 12.39%) followed by palmitic acid (1.30-2.65%) and stearic acid (0.12-0.68%).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Barnett P E and Farmer R E 1978. Altitudinal variation in germination characteristics of yellow poplar in the Southern Appalachians. Silvae Genetica, 27(3-4): 101-104.

Bonner F T 1984. Glossary of seed germination terms for tree seed workers, USDA. Forest Service General Technical Report, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Stankville, Mississippi, USA. pp. 30-49.

Bringi N V 1987. Non-traditional oil seeds and oils in India, New Delhi, India, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., 254 pp. Czabator F J 1962. Germination value - an index combining speed and completeness of pineseed germination. Forest Science, 8: 386-396.

Chavan Sangram and Keerthika A 2013. Genetic variability and association studies among morphological traits of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit. genetic resources. Research Journal of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, 1(8): 23-29.

Divakara B N, Alur A S and Tripathi S 2010. Genetic variability and relationship of pod and seed traits in Millettia pinnata (L.) Pierre a potential agroforestry tree. International Journal of Plant Production, 4(2): 129-134.

Gairola K C, Nautiyal A R, Sharma G and Dwivedi A K 2011. Variability in seed characteristics of Jatropha curcas Linn. from hill region of Uttarakhand. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology & Life Sciences, 1(1): 64-69.

Gaurav Dwivedi., Siddharth J and Sharma P S 2011. Pongamia as a source of biodiesel in India. Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, 2: 184-189.

ISTA 1999. International Rules for Seed Testing. Seed Science and Technology (Supplement Rules), 27: 25-30.

Lewis G P 1988. Notes on NFT nomenclature. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 6: 23.

Mihiri M and Jagath W 2015. Study on variation in seed morphology, oil content and fatty acid profile of Madhuca longifolia grown in different agro-climatic zones in Sri Lanka. Science Research, 3(3): 105-109.

Mishra C M and Banerjee A C 1995. Provenance variation in Casuarina species with reference to germination and growth. Journal of Tropical Forestry, 11(3): 209-211.

Palanikumaran B, Parthiban K T and Thiruniraiselvan R 2016. Seed attributes characterization and exploration of fatty acid composition inCalophyllum inophyllum L. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 33(2): 126-132.

Paul T S, Lisette P, Ning C S, Johanna H, Michael A D and Peter M G 2008. Pongamia pinnata: An untapped resource for the biofuels industry of the future. Bioenergy Research, 1: 2-11.

Sunil N, Vinod Kumar, Sivaraj N, Babu A, Panwar N S and Varaprasad K S 2012. Identification of areas of diversity and distribution of Pongamia based on altitude and seed traits. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 82(6): 489-493.

Sanjeev Kumar and Sanjay Singh 2014. Variability assessment of seed traits in Jatropha curcas for improvement of oil seed. International Journal of Genetics and Molecular Biology, 6: 8-15.

Thapliyal R C and Dhiman R C 1997. Geographic variation in seed and seedling characteristics in Pinus roxburghii fromHimachal Pradesh. Annals of Forestry, 5(2): 140-145.

Wani M S and Wani A F 2013. Genetic variability and association analysis in Madhuca indica Gmel. Indian Forester, 139(8): 692-698.

Downloads

Submitted

2023-06-16

Published

2016-12-30

How to Cite

B PALANIKUMARAN, K T PARTHIBAN, R JUDE SUDHAGAR, & S VENNILA. (2016). Variation of oil content and fatty acid composition of Millettia pinnata (L.) progenies in Tamil Nadu: VARIATION OF OIL CONTENT AND FATTY ACID COMPOSITION OF MILLETTIA PINNATA PROGENIES. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 33(4). https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v33i4.137871