Production potential of castor (Ricinus communis L.) intercropping with soybean (Glycine max L.) under irrigated conditions


Abstract views: 30 / PDF downloads: 2

PRODUCTION POTENTIAL OF CASTOR INTERCROPPING WITH SOYBEAN

Authors

  • P M VAGHASIA Main Oilseeds Research Station, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh-362 001, Gujarat
  • V B BHALU Main Oilseeds Research Station, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh-362 001, Gujarat
  • R H KAVANI Main Oilseeds Research Station, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh-362 001, Gujarat

https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v33i2.138898

Keywords:

Castor, Castor equivalent yield, Intercropping, Land equivalent ratio, Soybean

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted consecutively for three years during rainy seasons of 2010-11 to 2012-13 at the Main Oilseeds Research station, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh on intercropping castor in soybean with an objective to find out suitable intercropping ratio for achieving higher productivity and profitability. The experiment was conducted on mediumclay soil under irrigated conditions. It consisted of eight treatments including sole castor, sole soybean, combinations of intercropping of castor (cv. GCH 7) with soybean (cv. Gujarat soy. 1) in row proportion 1:1 and 1:2 with sowing period of castor 15, 30 and 45 days after sowing of soybean. The results revealed that sowing of castor at 30 days after sowing of soybean in 1:2 ratio recorded significantly higher castor equivalent yield (2806 kg/ha) and land equivalent ratio (LER: 1.72) besides higher net returns (Rs. 69289/ha) and B:C ratio (2.86).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aggarwal P K, Garrity S P, Liboon D P and Morris R A 1992. Resource use and plant interactions in a rice mungbean intercrop. Agronomy Journal, 84: 71-78.

Banik P, Midya A, Sarkar B K and Ghose S S 2006. Wheat and chickpea intercropping systems in an additive series experiment; advantages and weed smothering. European Journal of Agronomy, 24: 325-332.

Buresh R J and Dutta S K De 1991. Nitrogen dynamics and management in rice-legume cropping system. Advances in Agronomy, 45: 1-59.

Fininsa C 1996. Effect of intercropping bean with maize on bean common bacterial blight and rust diseases. International Journal of Pest Management, 42: 51-54.

Gupta I N and Rathore S S 1993. Intercropping in Castor (Ricinus communis L) under dryland condition in Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 38(2): 182-186.

Honnali S N and Chittapur B M 2014. Efficient cropping systems for ecological security and sustainability and their energetic under irrigated tropical ecosystem. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 59(4) 556-560.

Ishwar Singh, Rathore M S, Mehriya M L, Chawra R S and Chandawat M S 2013. Weed management in irrigated castor through herbicides. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 30(2): 150-153.

Kalaghatagi S B and Guggari A K 2010. Castor (Ricinus communis L.) based intercropping systemon vertic inceptisols under rainfed conditions. Indian Journal of Dryland Agricultural Research and Development, 25(2): 78-81.

Karlen D L, Varvel G E, Bullock D G and Cruse R M 1994. Crop rotations for the 21 century: South Gujarat condition. Advances in Agronomy, 53: 1-45.

Kumar H, Mudalagiriyappa C S, Nanjappa H V and Ramachandrappa B K 2010. Productive performance of castor (Ricinus communis L.) based intercropping systems under rainfed conditions of central dry zone in Karnataka. Journal of Agricultural Science, 44: 481-484.

Latif M A, Mehuys G R, Mackenzie A F, Ali L and Faris M A 1992. Effects of legumes on soil physical quality in a maize crop. Plant and Soil, 140: 15-23.

Lingaraju B S and Babalad H B 2007. Studies on intercropping soybean with sunflower under rainfed conditions. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 24(1): 100-102.

Osiru D S O 1983. Intercropping: A reviewof possible advantages. S.K. Roy (ed.), In: Frontiers of Research in Agriculture, Indian Statistical Institute, Calcutta, pp. 304-320.

Patel K S, Patel M K, Patel G N and Pathak H C 2007.Intercropping in castor under irrigated condition. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 24(1): 121-123.

Rafael B F, Teixeira I R, Reis E F, Silva A G and Silva G C 2014. Management of top-dressed nitrogen fertilization in the common bean/castor intercropping system. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 8(7): 1086-1092.

Satish K D 2009. Effect on growth and yield of rabi castor in pulses intercropping under varying planting geometry. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research, 4(3): 165-168.

Sharma S L 2002. Studies on castor (Ricunus communis L.) based intercropping of legumes at varying fertility levels under rainfed conditions ofsemi-arid region. Ph.D. Thesis, Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner, Rajasthan.

Teixeira I R, Silva G C, Oliveira J A P and Timossi P C 2012. Plant arrangement the common beans intercropped castor. Revista Caatinga, 25: 85-91.

Venkattakumar R, Sarada C and Padmaiah M 2014. Resource-use management of castor (Ricinus communis L.) growers in Andhra Pradesh. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 31(2): 191-193.

Downloads

Submitted

2023-07-07

Published

2016-07-27

How to Cite

P M VAGHASIA, V B BHALU, & R H KAVANI. (2016). Production potential of castor (Ricinus communis L.) intercropping with soybean (Glycine max L.) under irrigated conditions: PRODUCTION POTENTIAL OF CASTOR INTERCROPPING WITH SOYBEAN. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 33(2). https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v33i2.138898