Seed attributes characterization and exploration of fatty acid composition in Calophyllum inophyllum L.


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SEED ATTRIBUTES CHARACTERIZATION IN CALOPHYLLUM INOPHYLLUM

Authors

  • B PALANIKUMARAN Forest College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Mettupalayam-641 301, Tamil Nadu
  • K T PARTHIBAN Forest College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Mettupalayam-641 301, Tamil Nadu
  • R THIRUNIRAISELVAN Forest College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Mettupalayam-641 301, Tamil Nadu

https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v33i2.138920

Keywords:

Calophyllum inophyllum, Fatty acid composition, Oil quality, Undi

Abstract

Thirty progenies of Calophyllum inophyllum L. commonly known as 'Undi' or 'Alexandrian laurel' were
studied for seed, oil quality as well as fatty acid profile. Among the progenies, only one progeny viz., FCRICI 14 consistently expressed superiority in all seed characteristics viz., pod length (3.95 cm), pod width (3.42 cm), seed length (2.71 cm), seed width (2.35 cm), 100-seed weight (536.26 g), germination per cent (73.00%), germination value (5.11), peak value (3.06) and oil content (55.60%). Three progenies viz., FCRICI 14 (Honnavara, Karnataka), FCRICI 2 (Nagapattinam, Tamil Nadu) and FCRICI 17 (Bhatkal, Karnataka) recorded higher oil content of 55.60, 52.33 and 51.43 per cent, respectively. The analysis of fatty acid composition revealed that the major fatty acid was oleic acid (56.42-68.25%) followed by palmitic acid (8.23-18.42%) and stearic acid (6.23 - 8.23%).

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Submitted

2023-07-07

Published

2016-07-27

How to Cite

B PALANIKUMARAN, K T PARTHIBAN, & R THIRUNIRAISELVAN. (2016). Seed attributes characterization and exploration of fatty acid composition in Calophyllum inophyllum L.: SEED ATTRIBUTES CHARACTERIZATION IN CALOPHYLLUM INOPHYLLUM. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 33(2). https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v33i2.138920