Utilization of dwarf dura mother palms for production of high yielding and dwarf oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) hybrids


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Utilization of dwarf dura mother palms for production of high yielding and dwarf oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) hybrids

Authors

  • ANITHA PEDAPATI ICAR-Indian Institute of Oil Palm Research, Pedavegi-534 450, Andhra Pradesh
  • RAVI KUMAR MATHUR ICAR-Indian Institute of Oil Palm Research, Pedavegi-534 450, Andhra Pradesh
  • G RAVICHANDRAN ICAR-Indian Institute of Oil Palm Research, Pedavegi-534 450, Andhra Pradesh
  • B KALYANA BABU ICAR-Indian Institute of Oil Palm Research, Pedavegi-534 450, Andhra Pradesh
  • H P BHAGYA ICAR-Indian Institute of Oil Palm Research, Pedavegi-534 450, Andhra Pradesh

https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v37iSpecialissue.139711

Keywords:

Dwarf, Dura, Genetic, Oil palm, Yield

Abstract

The present investigation was carried out to search for source of high yielding and short stature mother palms in India. We identified palm that has the highest yield of 181.70 kg, more number of bunches (20.50) and less height increment (18 cm) in comparison to other progenies by taking moving average (yield: 98.13 kg, no. of bunches: 13.38, height increment: 32.48 cm) of the same cross. The mesocarp content of this accession also more (72.20%) when compared with the standard duras. Another palm selected (Palm N0: 47) has the highest yield (221.30 kg) and medium height increment (33.00 cm) in comparison to other progenies by taking moving average (yield: 103.77 kg, height increment: 31.81 cm) of the same cross. The utilization of high-yielding genetic base as a planting material has been proven to be the most efficient and sustainable means of increasing the yield output of existing oil palm genetic base. This genetic stock recorded highest yield and short stature compared with other progenies. However, it can be used as a mother parent for the development of high yielding and dwarf oil palm hybrids.

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References

Arolu I W, Rafii M Y, Hanafi M M, Sulaiman Z, Rahim H A, Marjuni M, Amiruddin M D, Abidin M I Z, Nookiah R

Breeding of high yielding and dwarf oil palm planting materials using Deli dura x Nigerian pisifera population. Euphytica, 213:154. DOI 10.1007/s10681- 017-1943-z.

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Submitted

2023-07-25

Published

2020-03-12

How to Cite

ANITHA PEDAPATI, RAVI KUMAR MATHUR, G RAVICHANDRAN, B KALYANA BABU, & H P BHAGYA. (2020). Utilization of dwarf dura mother palms for production of high yielding and dwarf oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) hybrids: Utilization of dwarf dura mother palms for production of high yielding and dwarf oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) hybrids. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 37(Specialissue). https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v37iSpecialissue.139711