Enhanced recovery of oil from Jatropha curcas L. seeds


Abstract views: 40 / PDF downloads: 3

ENHANCED RECOVERY OF OIL FROM JATROPHA CURCAS L. SEEDS

Authors

  • R ANANDALAKSHMI Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding, Coimbatore-641 002, Tamil Nadu
  • V SIVAKUMAR Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding, Coimbatore-641 002, Tamil Nadu
  • T VAMADEVAN Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding, Coimbatore-641 002, Tamil Nadu
  • N KRISHNA KUMAR Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding, Coimbatore-641 002, Tamil Nadu

https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v32i1.141797

Keywords:

Decoater, Jatropha curcas, Oil expeller, Oilseed, Processing

Abstract

Jatropha curcas L. is a popular and potential tree borne oilseed exploited for biofuel, however, extraction of oil from whole seedsincurs oil loss due to adsorption of considerable amount of oil to the oil cake. To minimize the oil loss, seeds were decoated using a seed decoater which separates the whole seedsinto shell and kernel. Seeds with 15 per cent of the shell removed and with 40 per cent of the shell removed were compared with whole seeds for oil extraction. The oil present in the oil cake was estimated and analysed for its physico-chemical properties. The average oil recovery from the whole seed was about 23.16 per cent. Removal of 15 per cent shell increased the oil recovery to 24.6 per cent and further removal of 40 per cent shell resulted in 25.41 per cent oil recovery. The oil present in the oil cake was reduced from 10.08 to 8.93 and 7.61 per cent in the 15 per cent shell removed and 40 per cent shell removed seeds, respectively. However, the physico-chemical properties of oil from oilcake did not vary significantly. From a commercial point of view, this study helped to enhance oil recovery and displayed the significance of seed processing technique.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Achaya K T 1993. Ghani: The Traditional Oil Mill of India, Olearius Editions, Kemblesville Pennsylvania, USA.

Achten W M J, Verchot L, Franken Y J, Mathijs E, Singh V P, Aerts R and Muys B 2008. Jatropha bio-diesel production and use. Biomass and Bioenergy, 32: 1063-1084.

Akoh C C, Chang S W, Lee G C and Shae J F 2007. Enzymatic approach to biodiesel production. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 55: 8995-9005.

Anandalakshmi R, Warrier R R, Senthilvadivu S, Sivakumar V and Singh B G 2008. Effect of seed moisture on oil content and properties of Jatropha curcas L. Pestology, 32(12): 26-30.

AOAC 2007. Official Methods of Analysis, 18th edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.

AOCS 1993. Official Methods and Recommended Practices of the American Oil Chemists', Society AOCS Press, Washington DC.

ASTM D1665-98 2003. Test Method for Engler Specific Viscosity of Tar Products, American Society for Testing and Materials.

Bachmann J 2001. Small Scale Oilseed Processing - Value added Processing Guide, 24 pp.

Bargale P C 1997. Mechanical oil expression from selected oilseeds under uniaxial compression. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Agricultural and Bioresource Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.

Chakraventy A 1988. Post Harvest Technology of Cereals Pulses and Oilseeds, Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt Ltd., New Delhi, pp 258-266.

Cox H E and Pearson D 1962. The Chemical Analysis of Foods, Chemical Publishing Co. Inc., New York, pp 420-421.

DFSC 1999. Desiccation and Storage Protocol, The project on handling and storage of recalcitrant and intermediate tropical forest tree seeds, DANIDA Forest Seed Centre, Newsletter 5.

Dunford H 2009. Oil and Oilseed Processing. In: Food Technology Fact Sheet. Robert M Kerr (Ed.) Food & Agricultural Products Center, Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service, Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, 4 pp.

FAO 2010. Jatropha: a smallholder bioenergy crop - The potential for pro-poor development. Integrated Crop Management, 8.

Grompone M A 2005. Sunflower Oil in Bailey's Industrial Oil and Fat Products, 6th edition, John Wiley and Sons Inc., pp 655-730.

Henning R K 2008. Identification, selection and multiplication of high yielding Jatropha curcas L. plants and economic key points for viable Jatropha oil production costs, International Consultation on Pro-poor Jatropha Development, 10-11 April 2008, Rome.

Horowitz W 1975. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC - Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 12th edition, Washington, pp 488-490.

ISTA 1999. International rules for seed testing. Seed Science and Technology, 27: 30-35.

Jongschaap R E E, Corre W J, Bindraban P S and Brandenburg W A 2007. Claims and facts on Jatropha curcas L, Plant Research International, Wageningen.

Kardash E and Tur'yan I 2005. Acid Value Determination in vegetable oils by indirect titration in aqueous-alcohol media. Croatica Chemica Acta, 78(1): 99-103.

Pathak B S, Singh A, Singh D and Verma R N 1988. Performance of oil milling technologies in India. Agricultural Mechanism in Asia Africa and Latin America, 19(4): 68-72.

Ringler A and Maroti P 1994. Physics Practicals, Szeged, pp 168-173.

Wiggins S, Fioretti E, Keane J, Khwaja J, McDonald S, Ley S and Srinivasan C S 2008. Review of the Indirect Effects of Biofuels Economic Effects and Food Insecurity, A Report to the Renewable Fuels Agency, Overseas DevelopmentInstitute, London.

Wilfred S, Adubofuor J and Oldham J H 2010. Optimum conditions for expression of oil from Allanblackia floribunda seeds and assessing the quality and stability of pressed and solvent extracted oil. African Journal of Food Science, 4(9): 563-570.

Downloads

Submitted

2023-09-01

Published

2015-12-31

How to Cite

R ANANDALAKSHMI, V SIVAKUMAR, T VAMADEVAN, & N KRISHNA KUMAR. (2015). Enhanced recovery of oil from Jatropha curcas L. seeds: ENHANCED RECOVERY OF OIL FROM JATROPHA CURCAS L. SEEDS. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 32(2). https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v32i1.141797