Productivity and nutrient use of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) in sequential cropping system in Vertisols


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PRODUCTIVITY AND NUTRIENT USE OF SUNFLOWER IN SEQUENTIAL CROPPING SYSTEM IN VERTISOLS

Authors

  • G SURESH ICAR-Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana
  • S N SUDHAKARA BABU ICAR-Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana
  • A AZIZ QURESHI ICAR-Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500 030, Telangana

https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v32i1.141817

Keywords:

Cropping sequence, Fallow, Nutrient uptake, Soil fertility, Soybean, Sunflower

Abstract

Field experiments were conducted on fixed plot for three consecutive years during 2009-12 onmediumVertisols at Hyderabad. The experimental site was clay soil with a soil pH and organic carbon of 7.7 and 0.51 per cent, respectively. The productivity and sustainability ofrabi sunflower was assessed under three cropping sequences in rainy(kharif) and winter (rabi)seasons viz., fallow-sunflower; sunflower-sunflower and soybean-sunflower and four nutrient management practices. The kharif crops were grown as rainfed and rabi sunflower was grown with one irrigation at sowing. The highest seed yield (1412 kg/ha) of sunflower was recorded in soybean-sunflower system followed by fallow-sunflower (1185 kg//ha) system. Continuous cropping ofsunflower resulted in lowest yield (983 kg/ha). N and P uptake of rabi sunflower succeeding either soybean or fallow was higher compared to continuous cropping. Significantly higher and comparable seed yield, stalk yield were obtained with the application of recommended dose of major nutrients in conjunction with farm yard manure (FYM).

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References

Aglave B N, Kalegore N K, Chavan M H and Jagtap P K 2009. Performance of rainfed rabi sunflower under varied cropping sequence and nitrogen levels. Journal of Soils and Crops, 19 (2): 265-268.

Sudhakara Babu S N and Hegde D M 2011. Best management practices for increasing productivity and resource use efficiency in oilseeds. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 28(1): 19-23.

Suresh G, Sudhakara Babu S N and Aziz Qureshi 2014. Performance of soybean-sunflower cropping system under varied nutrient management practices in Vertisols. Soybean Research, 2: 136-147.

Tanaka D L, Anderson R L and Rao S C 2005. Crop sequencing to improve use of precipitation and synergize crop growth. Agronomy Journal, 97: 385-390.

Tanaka D L, Krupinsky J M, Merrill S D, Liebig M A and Hanson J D 2007. Dynamic cropping systems for sustainable crop production in the northern great plains. Agronomy Journal, 99: 904-911.

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Submitted

2023-09-01

Published

2015-12-31

How to Cite

G SURESH, S N SUDHAKARA BABU, & A AZIZ QURESHI. (2015). Productivity and nutrient use of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) in sequential cropping system in Vertisols: PRODUCTIVITY AND NUTRIENT USE OF SUNFLOWER IN SEQUENTIAL CROPPING SYSTEM IN VERTISOLS. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 32(2). https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v32i1.141817