Management of Sclerotinia rot of rapeseed-mustard through integrated pest management

Abstract views: 60 / PDF downloads: 2



  • ASHOK KUMAR Shivalik Agricultural Research and Extension Centre, Kangra-176 001, Himachal Pradesh
  • S SHARMA Shivalik Agricultural Research and Extension Centre, Kangra-176 001, Himachal Pradesh
  • A KATOCH Shivalik Agricultural Research and Extension Centre, Kangra-176 001, Himachal Pradesh


Botanicals, IPM, Rapeseed-Mustard, Resistance, Sclerotinia rot, Trichoderma


In vitro studies revealed maximum mycelial growth inhibition (98.5%) of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum by
Trichoderma koningii isolate JMA-11 followed by DMA-8 (90.4%). Extract of Vitex negundo and Melia azedarach showed 100 per cent and 98.3 per cent inhibition ofmycelial growth of S. sclerotiorum at 5% concentration followed by 96.7 per cent and 91.7 per cent growth inhibition at 2.5% concentration, respectively. At 1% concentration, 57.6 per cent growth inhibition of the pathogen was shown by Melia azedarach followed by 55.6 per cent inhibition with Vitex negundo. Fifty nine genotypes of rapeseed-mustard screened under artificial field conditions showed lack of the resistance to S. sclerotiorum. However, ten genotypes viz., NRCG-104, NRC-DR-603, HC-0213, HC-0212, HC-9603, HC-9605, BCRS-17, Pusa Swarnim, Kiran, and PBC-9221 belonging to Brassica carinata were found to be moderately susceptible. In the integrated disease management, a combination of row spacing 45 cm, 2-3 lower leaf removal at 80 and 100 days after sowing and one spray of companion (0.2%) was found to be best treatment in reducing the disease incidence of Sclerotinia rot in Brassica napus.


Download data is not yet available.


Aggarwal R A K, Kumar A and Thakur H L 2001. Effect of Sclerotinia rot on some seed characteristics and fatty acid composition in rapeseed-mustard. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 18: 150-153.

Anonymous 2010. Statistical Outline of Himachal Pradesh. Department of Economics and Statistics, Government of Himachal Pradesh.

Anonymous 2013. Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Agricultural Statistics at a Glance, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.

Ashlesha 2012. Ecofriendly management of bell pepper diseases under protected cultivation. Ph D Thesis, CSKHPKV, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India, 221 pp.

Castillo F D H, Padilla A M B, Morales G G, Siller M C, Herrera R R, Gonzales C A N and Reyes F C 2011. In vitro antagonist action of Trichoderma strains against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Sclerotinia cepivorum. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 6: 410-417.

Chattopadhyay C, Meena P D and Kumar S 2002. Management of Sclerotinia rot ofIndian mustard using eco-friendly strategies. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 32: 194-200.

Dickson M H and Petzoldt R 1996. Breeding for resistance to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in Brassica oleracea. Acta Horticulturae, 408: 103-108.

Gaur R B, Sharma R N, Gautam V S and Dangi R P 2010. Management of Sclerotinia rot of mustard through bioagents. Indian Phytopathology, 63: 392-397.

Handoro F, Sandhu K S and Singh P P 2002. Effect of sowing dates and plant spacing on white rot of pea: A relationship of meteorological factors with disease development. Journal of Research, 39: 221-230.

Huang H C and Hoes J A 1976. Penetration and infection of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum byConiothyrium minitans. Canadian Journal of Botany, 54: 406-410.

Jabeen K, Javaid A, Ahmad E and Athar M 2011. Antifungal compounds from Melia azedarach leaves for management of Ascochyta rabiei, the cause of chickpea blight. Natural Product Research, 25: 264-276.

Ladda P L and Magdum C S 2012. Vitex negundo Linn. : Ethnobotany, Phytochemistry and Pharmacology - A Review. International Journal of Advances in Pharmacy, Biology and Chemistry, 1: 111-120.

Li C X, Li Hua, Siddique A B, Sivasithamparam K, Salisbury P, Banga S S, Banga S, Chattopadhyay C, Kumar A, Singh R, Singh D, Agnihotri A, Liu S Y, Li Y C, Tu J, Fu T D, Wang Y and Barbetti M J 2007. The importance of type and time of inoculation and assessment in the determination of resistance in Brassica napus and B. juncea to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Australian Journal of Agriculture Research, 58: 1198-1203.

Nene Y L and Thapliyal P N 1993. Fungicides in Plant Disease Control. Oxford & IBH Publication Co., New Delhi, 507 pp.

Pandey P, Kumar R and Mishra P 2011. Integrated approach for the management of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary, causing stem rot of chickpea. Indian Phytopathology, 64: 37-40.

Panse V G and Sukhatme P E 1985. Statistical Methods for Agricultural Worker. ICAR, New Delhi, 328 pp.

Prajapati C R and Narain U 2008. Effect of fungicides and neem formulations on management of Sclerotinia rot of dolichos bean (Dolichos lablab L.). Agricultural Science Digest, 28: 133-135.

Prince L and Prabhakaran P 2011. Antifungal activity of medicinal plants against plant pathogenic fungus Colletotrichum falcatum. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences and Research, 1: 84-87.

Sedun F S, Seguin-Swartz G and Rakow G F W 1989. Genetic variation in reaction to Sclerotinia stems rot in Brassica species. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 69: 229-232.

Sharma D and Paul Y 2013. Preliminary and pharmacological profile of Melia azedarach L.: An overview. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 3: 133-138.

Sharma P, Chauhan J S and Kumar A 2012. Evaluation of Indian and exotic Brassica germplasmfor tolerance to stemrot caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 42: 297-300.

Sharma P, Sharma M, Raja M and Shanmugam V 2014. Status of Trichoderma research in India: A review. Indian Phytopathology, 67: 1-19.

Shukla A K 2005. Estimation of yield losses to Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) due to Sclerotinia stem rot. Journal of Phytological Research, 18: 267-268.

Vincent J H 1947. Distortion of fungal hyphae in the presence of certain inhibitors. Nature, 159: 850.

Yadav M S, Ahmad N, Singh S, Bambawale O M and Yadava D K 2011. Evaluation of Trichoderma and garlic clove extract against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum of Brassica juncea. Indian Phytopathology, 64: 305-307.

Zhao J and Meng J 2003. Genetic analysis of loci associated with partial resistance to Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 106: 759-764.






How to Cite

ASHOK KUMAR, S SHARMA, & A KATOCH. (2015). Management of Sclerotinia rot of rapeseed-mustard through integrated pest management: MANAGEMENT OF SCLEROTINIA ROT OF RAPESEED-MUSTARD THROUGH IPM. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 32(2).