Effect of irrigation scheduling at critical growth stages and fertility levels on growth, yield and quality of summer sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)


Abstract views: 28 / PDF downloads: 1

EFFECT OF IRRIGATION SCHEDULING AND FERTILITY LEVELS ON SUMMER SESAME

Authors

  • R B THANKI Cotton Research Centre, Junagadh Agricultural University, Porbandar-360 579, Gujarat
  • R M SOLANKI Cotton Research Centre, Junagadh Agricultural University, Porbandar-360 579, Gujarat
  • J M MODHAVADIA Cotton Research Centre, Junagadh Agricultural University, Porbandar-360 579, Gujarat
  • B S GOHIL Cotton Research Centre, Junagadh Agricultural University, Porbandar-360 579, Gujarat
  • P J PRAJAPATI Cotton Research Centre, Junagadh Agricultural University, Porbandar-360 579, Gujarat

https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v31i1.142092

Keywords:

Fertility levels, Irrigation schedules, Sesame, Water use efficiency

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted with sesame during summer season of 2007 and 2008 on clayey soil of Cotton Research Centre, Khapat farm, Junagadh Agricultural University, Porbandar, Gujarat to find out the combined effect of irrigation at critical growth stages and fertility levels on growth, yield attributes, yields and quality of sesame. The treatments consisted 24 possible combinations of four levels of irrigation in main plot and six levels of fertility in sub-plot. The results revealed that irrigating the crop at branching, flowering, capsule and seed development stages with the application of 75:50:50 kg NP2O5K2O/ha were found significant for number of effective branches/plant, length of capsule, number of capsules/plant, number of seed/capsule, seed yield/plant, seed yield and stover yields of sesame, harvest index, 1000-seed weight, protein and oil content in seed, oil yield and
nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium uptake. Whereas water use efficiency was maximum when the crop was irrigated at flowering and capsule development stages only.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ashok Kumar, Prasad T N and Prasad U K 1996. Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on growth yield, oil content, nitrogen uptake and water-use of summer sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Indian Journal of Agronomy, 39(4): 701-702.

Chang A H, Sheikh S A, Jamro G H, Jamro G M and Memon R B 2005. Growth and yield response of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) to different NP combinations. Indian Journal of Plant Science, 4(1): 32-37.

Choradia R K and Gaur B L 1986. Effect of irrigation and mulch on seed yield of safflower. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 31(3): 298-299.

Dutta D, Jana P K, Bandyopadhyay P and Maity D 2000. Response of summer sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) to irrigation. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 45(3): 613-616.

Itnal C J, Halemani H L, Radder G D, Surkool V S and Sajjan G C 1993. Response of sesame genotypes to application of fertilizers in drylands. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 18(3): 374-375.

Kathiresan G 2002. Response of sesame (Sesamum indicum) genotypes to levels of nutrients and spacing under different seasons. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 47(4): 537-540.

Kene D R, Mankar B T, Thakare K K and Darange O G 1991. Response of sesame to NPK fertilization and forms of phosphate. PKV Research Journal, 15(2): 166-167.

Khade V N, Jadhav S N and Khanvilkar S A 1996. Studies on scheduling of irrigation and phosphate fertilization to sesamum. Journal Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 21(3): 410-411.

Kundu D K and Singh R 2006. Effect of irrigation on yield and nutrient uptake of summer sesame (Sesamum indicum) in coastal Orissa. Indian Journal Agricultural Sciences, 76(9): 531-534.

Mankar D D, Satao R N, Solanke V M and Ingole P G 1995. Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus on quality, uptake and yield of sesame. PKV Research Journal, 19(1): 69-70.

Mitra S and Pal A K 1999. Water use and productivity of summer sesame as influenced by irrigation and nitrogen. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science, 47(3): 400-404.

Mondal D K, Sounda G, Panda P K, Ghosh P, Maitra S and Roy D K 1997. Effect of different irrigation levels and nitrogen doses on growth and yield of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Indian Agriculturist, 41(1): 15-21.

Mondal S S, Pramanik C K and Das J 2001. Effect of nitrogen and potassium on oil yield, nutrient uptake and soil fertility in soybean-sesame intercropping system. Indian Journal Agricultural Sciences, 71(1): 44-46.

Narang R S and Gill M S 1998. Irrigation scheduling for higher WUE in oilseeds and pulses. Fertilizer News, 43(3): 57-67.

Nikam C A, Jadhav A S and Bachchhav S M 1994. Effect of irrigation on yield, quality, nutrient uptake and consumptive use of kharif sesame. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 19(1): 157-158.

Patra A K 2001. Yield and quality of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) as influenced by N and P during post-rainy season. Annals of Agricultural Research, 22(2): 249-252.

Prakasha M D and Thimmegowda S 1992. Influence of irrigation, nitrogen and phosphorus level on sesame. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 37(2): 387-388.

Ravinder N, Satyanarayana V, Rao V P, Latchanna A and Varaprasad P V 1996. Influence of irrigation and fertilization on seed yield, nutrient uptake and fertilizer use efficiencies in summer sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Journal of Oilseeds Research, 13(2): 173-177.

Sarkar R K and Pal P K 2005. Effect of crop geometry, fertility level and nipping on physiological parameters in relation to productivity of sesame (Sesamum indicum). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 75(3): 143-147.

Thanunathan K, Thiruppathi M, Leopold M and Imayavaramban V 2006. Nutrient management for sesame under water constraint situation. Research on Crops, 7(2): 426-428.

Downloads

Submitted

2023-09-07

Published

2014-07-21

How to Cite

Effect of irrigation scheduling at critical growth stages and fertility levels on growth, yield and quality of summer sesame (Sesamum indicum L.): EFFECT OF IRRIGATION SCHEDULING AND FERTILITY LEVELS ON SUMMER SESAME. (2014). Journal of Oilseeds Research, 31(1). https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v31i1.142092