Trait phenotyping and Inheritance of leaf blight resistance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under temperate conditions of Kashmir valley


Abstract views: 93 / PDF downloads: 23

Trait phenotyping and Inheritance of leaf blight resistance in wheat

Authors

  • Akhila Dendi
  • Mohammad Anwar Khan SKUAST-Kashmir
  • Reyazul Rouf Mir
  • Mushtaq A. Bhat
  • Fahim Jeelani Wani
  • Mohammad Ashraf Bhat

Keywords:

Bread wheat, Trait phenotyping, Complimentary genes, Leaf blight resistance

Abstract

A set of twenty-two advanced breeding lines of bread wheat were studied in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four (4) replications at the experimental fields of Faculty of Agriculture, SKUAST-Kashmir, Wadura during Rabi 2019-20. For each line the observations were recorded for eight (08) important agro-morphological, yield and yield related traits viz., days to 50% flowering, days to maturity, plant height (cm), number of tillers plant-1, spike length (cm), number of spikelets spike-1, 1000 grain weight (g) and grain yield (kg/ha). The analysis of variance (ANOVA) depicted that the genotypes significant variability for traits under study. The genotypes HS675, HPW472 and VL2042 possessed better agronomic performance for yield attributing traits and were identified as high yielding wheat genotypes that could be recommended for cultivation under temperate conditions of Kashmir valley. The correlation co-efficient matrix for the traits under study revealed only 12 positive and 8 negative significant correlations out of the total 28 paired combinations of all the traits. A segregating F2 population and F2 derived F3 families were developed from the cross between resistant (CIMMYT-10009) and susceptible (CIMMYT-5024) parents and subsequently evaluated for studying inheritance pattern for leaf blight resistance. The field data of F2 generation and F2 derived F3 families segregated for resistance and fitted to two dominant gene ratio (9:7) using chi-square test. The study reports that wheat breeding line CIMMYT-10009 contains two dominant leaf blight resistance genes have complimentary effect on one another. The genes so identified are effective under temperate conditions of Kashmir valley and as such could efficiently be used in breeding programmes, for deployment of such genes over space and time and for development of gene pyramids for leaf blight resistance in wheat.

 

Author Biographies

  • Reyazul Rouf Mir

    Associate Professor (GPB), Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India

  • Mushtaq A. Bhat

    Assistant Professor (Agri. Statistics), Division of Agriculture Economics and Statistics, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India

  • Fahim Jeelani Wani

    Assistant professor (Agri. Statistics), Division of Agriculture Economics and Statistics, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India

  • Mohammad Ashraf Bhat

    Professor (GPB), Division of Plant Biotechnology, Faculty of Horticulture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar-190025, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Downloads

Submitted

2023-02-10

Published

2024-01-08

Issue

Section

Research Article

How to Cite

Trait phenotyping and Inheritance of leaf blight resistance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under temperate conditions of Kashmir valley: Trait phenotyping and Inheritance of leaf blight resistance in wheat . (2024). Journal of Cereal Research, 15(2). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/JWR/article/view/133118

Similar Articles

11-20 of 424

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.