Performance of Advance materials of barley tested at different locations under AICRP since 1980


Abstract views: 68 / PDF downloads: 37

Authors

  • Ajit Singh Kharub ICAR-IIWBR Karnal
  • Vishnu Kumar
  • Dinesh Kumar
  • Jogendra Singh
  • Gyanendra Singh

Keywords:

AICRP, Barley, Productivity gain

Abstract

The All India Coordinated Barley Improvement Project (AICBIP), involving ICAR and SAU centers was started in 1966-67 for barley improvement involving different cooperating centres at different SAUs and other research institutions with a major objective to develop varieties for rainfed and irrigated cultivation under low fertility conditions under normal and marginal soils. In 1991 after shifting of barley improvement programme at Directorate of Wheat Research, Karnal, the research priorities shifted from feed and food (huskless) purposes in rainfed, saline-sodic, diara lands, and marginal soils to malt barley for optimum management conditions. The programme has made significant progress with development of 105 varieties for different production conditions and 40 genetic stocks for specific traits. Different trials conducted with new genotypes including checks every year at different locations under various production conditions. The performance of more than 100 new genotypes was evaluated every year.  The productivity of feed barley advance material in AVT trials increased by 46.5, 37.3, 99.5 and 23.3 percent in NWPZ, NEPZ,CZ and NHZ, respectively and the productivity in IVT trials increased by 44.9, 40.5 and 134.8 percent in NWPZ, NEPZ and CZ, respectively during 1980-81 to 2019-20.  In malt barley trials (NWPZ), the productivity increased by 43.6 percent during 1990-91 to 2019-20. The barley varietal improvement programme contributed a lot in enhancing the productivity of the crop under different production conditions. Now every production zone has the improved barley variety. Malt barley varieties of appropriate quality have also been developed which is useful for malting and brewery industry. The programme shows continous significant genetic gain since 1980.

Author Biography

  • Ajit Singh Kharub, ICAR-IIWBR Karnal
    Barley Improvement, Principal Investigator

Downloads

Submitted

2023-04-21

Published

2024-01-08

Issue

Section

Research Article

How to Cite

Performance of Advance materials of barley tested at different locations under AICRP since 1980. (2024). Journal of Cereal Research, 15(2). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/JWR/article/view/135555

Similar Articles

11-20 of 268

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.