Growth, Productivity Behavior and Economics of Castor (Ricinus communis L.) Hybrids as Influenced by Different Fertility Levels under North Gujarat Agroclimatic Region


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Authors

  • A L Jat Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar 385 506, India
  • A G Desai Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar 385 506, India

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at Castor-Mustard Research Station, S.D. Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar during kharif season of 2016-17 with five castor hybrids (DCH 1720, SHB 896, DCH 177, DCH 519 and GCH 7) grown with three fertility levels (50% RDF, 100% RDF and 150% RDF). Results revealed that among the castor hybrids studied, SHB 896 registered significantly higher number of effective branches plant-1, 100-seed weight, seed yield, oil content, net return, BCR, crop productivity and crop profitability of castor. On other hand, application of 150% RDF gave significantly higher yield attributes, yield and monetary returns i.e. number of branches plant-1, seed yield, oil content, net return, BCR, crop productivity and profitability of castor compared to other fertility levels under Northern Gujarat conditions.
Key words: Castor, fertility levels, hybrids, productivity, profitability, yield.

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References

Anjani, K. 2014. A re-evaluation of castor (Ricinus communis L.) as a crop plant. CAB Reviews 9: 38.

Anonymous, 2018-19. Directorate of Economics and Statistics. Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Govt. of India.

Chongtham, S.K., Jain, S.K., and Patel, P.R. 2018. Yield, productivity and economics as influenced by different fertility levels and genotypes in single cut forage sorghum under rainfed environment of the Northern Gujarat. Annals of Arid Zone 57(1&2): 23-26.

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Kalhapure, A., Singh, V.P., Kumar, R., Pandey, D.S. and Singh, S. 2020. Influence of tillage and nutrient management on productivity and profitability of wheat (Triticum aestivum). Indian Journal of Agronomy 65(1): 61-67.

Table 2. Effect of fertility levels on quality, productivity, economics, profitability and partial factor productivity of castor hybrids

Treatments

Oil content (%)

Oil yield (kg ha-1)

Crop productivity (kg ha-1 day-1)

Net returns (Rs. ha-1)

B:C ratio

Crop profitability (Rs. ha-1 day-1)

Partial factor productivity (kg seed yield kg-1 nutrient applied)

Nitrogen

Phosphorus

Sulphur

Castor hybrids

DCH-1720

60

00

90

0

54

0

10

90

70

SHB-896

70

00

60

0

04

0

40

70

40

DCH-177

60

0

40

0

87

0

90

60

20

DCH-519

00

00

00

0

32

0

90

20

80

GCH-7

30

00

20

0

36

0

80

20

90

SEm±

30

68

47

7

13

3

27

57

69

CD (P=0.05)

87

50

37

5

38

7

NS

34

38

Fertility levels

%RDF

70

00

60

0

99

0

60

60

20

% RDF

30

00

30

0

40

0

00

60

70

% RDF

70

00

40

0

89

0

70

60

10

SEm±

23

58

37

7

10

5

76

76

18

CD (P=0.05)

67

45

06

1

30

8

10

01

01

PERFORMANCE OF CASTOR HYBRIDS UNDER DIFFERENT FERTILITY LEVELS 105

Ramanjaneyulu, A.V., Reddy A.V. and Madhavi, A. 2013. The impact of sowing date and irrigation regime on castor (Ricinus communis L.) seed yield, oil quality characteristics and fatty acid composition during post rainy season in South India. Industrial Crops and Products 44: 25-31.

Rana, D.S., Giri, G. and Pachuri, D.K. 2006. Evaluation of Castor genotypes for productivity, economics, litter fall and changes in soil properties under different levels of inter row spacing and nitrogen. Indian Journal of Agronomy 51(4): 318-322.

Senthil Kumar, G. and Venkatachalam. S.R. 2017. Growth and yield of hybrid castor (Ricinus communis L.) under different spacing during rabi season in Tamil Nadu. Madras Agriculture Journal 104(4-6): 166-168.

Severino, L.S., Auld, D.L., Baldanzi, M., M.J.D., Cândido, Chen, G., Crosby, W., Tan, D., Xiaohua He, Lakshmamma, P., Lavanya, C., Machado, O.L.T., Mielke, T., Milani, M., Miller, T.D., Morris, J.B., Morse, S.A., Navas, A.A., Soares, D.J., Sofiatti, V., Wang, M.L., Zanotto, M.D. and Zieler, H. 2012. A review on the challenges for increased production of castor. Agronomy Journal 104(4): 853-880.

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Submitted

2021-01-19

Published

2021-01-19

How to Cite

Jat, A. L., & Desai, A. G. (2021). Growth, Productivity Behavior and Economics of Castor (Ricinus communis L.) Hybrids as Influenced by Different Fertility Levels under North Gujarat Agroclimatic Region. Annals of Arid Zone, 59(3 & 4). Retrieved from https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/AAZ/article/view/109659

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