Effect of Tree Age on Water Requirement of Pomegranate under Localized Irrigation System

Abstract views: 115 / PDF downloads: 1


  • Ali Bafkar Water Engineering Department, Faculty of Agricultural Science and Engineering, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
  • Mosayeb Karimi Water Engineering Department, Faculty of Agricultural Science and Engineering, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
  • Mohammad Hadi Rad Research Center for Agriculture and Natural Resources, Yazd, Iran


In this study, water requirements of pomegranate (adult and young plants), with regard to age and tree canopy, were estimated for a 2-year period for climatic conditions of Yazd province. The results showed that the amount of water use by young trees was less by about 6500 m3 in comparison to mature trees during the growth period, which was related to the canopy of trees. During the growing months, a large difference was observed in evapotranspiration. The maximum and minimum amount of water use was in July and November, respectively. In the design of localized irrigation systems, the maximum required discharge rate for pomegranate orchards in July was estimated to be 0.71 L s-1 ha-1 for mature trees and 0.27 L s-1 ha-1 for young trees. The obtained relationships showed that it is possible to accurately estimate the irrigation requirement of pomegranate trees with respect to their age. Key words: Pomegranate, pressurized irrigation, shadow surface, water requirement, Yazd province.


Download data is not yet available.


Abbasi, A. and Sanij, D. 2013. Precise irrigation and its effect on water use efficiency in plum saplings. Journal of Water Research in Agriculture B 27(1): 41-51. Alizadeh, A. 2006. Designing Irrigation Systems (Vol. 2), First Printing, Mashhad, Imam Reza University Publications. Alizadeh, A., Kamali, G., Khanjani, M.J. and Rahnamoud, M. 2004. Evaluation of estimation methods for evapotranspiration in arid regions of Iran. Geographical Research Quarterly 73: 97105. Allen, R.G., Pereira, L.S., Reas, D. and Smith, M. 1998. Crop Evapotranspiration - Guidelines for Computing

Crop Water Requirement, FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper No. 56. Rome, Italy. Chahon, J., Yonts, D. and Melvin, S. 2001. Estimating Effective Rainfall. www.iavroubs. unl.edu/ irrigation/g1099.htm. Emamgholizadeh, M. 2006. Study of the Weather Conditions of the Northwestern Province of West Azarbaijan for the Cultivation of Olive and its Zoning. Master’s Thesis. Natural History Department, Tabriz University. Farshi, A., Kheyrabi, J., Siadat, H., Mir Lotfi, M., Darbandi, P., Salamat, A., Entezari, M. and Sadat, M. 2003. Irrigation Water Management in Mazraeh. First edition, Tehran, Publication of Iran’s National Irrigation and Drainage Committee. Farshi, A., Shariati, M., Jarallahi, R., Ghaemi, M., Shahabifar, M. and Tulaei, M. 1997. Estimation of Water Requirements for Agricultural and Horticultural Plants of the Country, Volume II, Agricultural Education Publications, Tehran. Hershfield, D.M. 1964. Effective rainfall and irrigation water requirements. Journal of the Irrigation and Drainage Division 90(2): 33-47. Ian, N. and Isa, Y. 2003. Olive Water Use and Yield: Monitoring the Relationship. RIRDC Publication. Intrigliolo, D.S., Nicolas, E., Bonet, L., Ferrer, P., Alarco´n, J.J. and Bartual, J. 2011. Water relations of field grown pomegranate trees (Punica granatum) under different drip irrigation regimes. Agricultural Water Management 984: 412418. Jeyhoun, Gh., Mostofizadeh, N. and Salakhpour, M. 2006. Comparison of Water Requirement Estimation Methods based on the Recommended Practices of the World Food Organization (FAO). National Conference on Irrigation and Drainage Networks, ShahidChamran University of Ahwaz. Merkly, G.P and Allen, R.G. 2007. Sprinkle and Trickle Irrigation. Lecture notes. Biological and Irrigation Department, Utah State University. BIE 5110/6110. Michelakis, N., Vouyoukalou, E. and Clapaki, G. 1997. Water use and soil moisture depletion by olive trees under different irrigation conditions. Agricultural Water Management 29: 315-325. Mirmosavi, S.H., Panahi, H., Akbari, H. and Akbarzadeh, Y. 2012. Calibration of estimation methods of potential evapotranspiration of reference plant (ETo) and calculation of water requirement of the plant (ETc) of Olive in Kermanshah Province. Journal of Geography and Environmental Management 3: 45-64. Rad, M.H., Osareh, M.H., Soltani, M. and Tajamolian, M. 2013. Determination of water requirement, crop coefficient, and water use efficiency in two species of eucalyptus in litmus terms. Iranian Journal of Water Research 12: 71-78.

BAFKAR et al.

Salem, G. 2000. Pomegranate market issues in Yazd province. Journal of agricultural and Development Economics. Eighth year, No. 32. Iran. Shakeri, M. 2008a. Technical principles for the construction of pomegranate garden. Management of Agricultural Extension Coordination Journal. 119: p. 5.

Shakeri, M. 2008b. Technical principles of pomegranate garden management. Agricultural Promotion Coordination Management Journal 120: 8-9. Smajstrla, A.G. and Zazueta, F.S. 2001. Estimating Crop Irrigation Requirements for Irrigation System Design and Consumptive Use Permitting. www.fao. org/waicent/faoinfo/agricult/ogl/public.









How to Cite

Effect of Tree Age on Water Requirement of Pomegranate under Localized Irrigation System. (2020). Annals of Arid Zone, 58(3 & 4). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/AAZ/article/view/98029