Influence of an exogenous androgen, testosterone propionate on milt quality and short-term preservation of milt of Asian seabass Lates Calcarifer


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Authors

  • Sambhu Chithambaran Faculty of Marine Sciences King Abdulaziz University Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • Mamdouh Al Harbi Faculty of Marine Sciences King Abdulaziz University Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

https://doi.org/10.21077/ijf.2022.69.4.122310-17

Abstract

 Asian Seabass Lates calcarifer is widely used for pond and cage culture practice in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A study
was carried out to understand the influence of an exogenous androgen, Testosterone propionate (TP) on milt quality of
L. calcarifer. Intramuscular injection of TP at dose 1.0 ml kg-1 was given to mature male fishes grown in a brood stock
pond. A control was also maintained without giving hormone injection. After 36 h of injection, milt was collected and milt
quality was assessed for colour, sperm cell concentration, motility and viability of spermatozoa. Short-term preservation of
milt was carried out in oxygen and marine teleost Ringer’s medium at 4oC for 120 h. No significant change was observed
in colour and pH of milt, but nature of milt changed from thick to watery due to hormone injection. Enhanced milt volume
(14%) and sperm cell concentration (4%) was noticed in fishes from the treatment group 36 h post-injection, when compared
to control. Sperm motility duration and percentage motility were high in treatment fishes than control. Milt preserved in
oxygen medium showed high sperm motility and viability when compared to Ringer’s medium. Intramuscular injection of
TP at 1.0 ml kg-1 improved milt volume and quality and therefore can be used for induced breeding of Asian Seabass.

Keywords: Asian Seabass, Hormone, Intramuscular injection, Milt quality, Ringer’s medium, Sperm motility, Testosterone
propionate

Author Biographies

  • Sambhu Chithambaran, Faculty of Marine Sciences King Abdulaziz University Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

    Professor

    Department of Marine Biology

  • Mamdouh Al Harbi, Faculty of Marine Sciences King Abdulaziz University Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

    Department of Marine Biology

    Assistant Professor

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Submitted

2022-03-16

Published

2022-12-31

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How to Cite

Chithambaran, S., & Al Harbi, M. (2022). Influence of an exogenous androgen, testosterone propionate on milt quality and short-term preservation of milt of Asian seabass Lates Calcarifer. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 69(4). https://doi.org/10.21077/ijf.2022.69.4.122310-17