Proximate constituents of some homegarden food crops and household food security in Mizoram, northeast India


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Authors

  • Uttam Kumar Sahoo
  • Pebam Rocky

Keywords:

Chemical constituents, homegarden food crops, nutritional security

Abstract

We analyzed 14 important homegarden food crops for their proximate constituents and household food security involving 22 villages and 92 homegardens spread over 40m-1200 m above msl in Aizawl district of Mizoram. Among the food crops, Parkia timoriana had highest moisture content (82.6%) while the rest were having below 50% moisture content. P.timoriana had highest carbohydrate content while highest protein content was found in Acacia pennata. The energy content was highest in P. timoriana (483 Kcal/100g) followed by Discorea esculenta (386 Kcal/100g) and A.pennata (332 Kcal/100g). Out of the 351 plant species encountered in home gardens, 133 were plants supplying vegetables and fruits with higher
diversity of food plants in high altitude (104), followed by low altitude (95) and mid altitude (85). Homegarden food crops nevertheless helped not only in supplementing the dietary requirements but also the ensuring household food security in Mizoram.

Author Biographies

  • Uttam Kumar Sahoo

    Department of Forestry, Mizoram University, Aizawl-796004, Mizoram

  • Pebam Rocky
    North Eastern Space Application Centre, Shillong-793103, Meghalaya

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Submitted

2019-10-24

Published

2019-10-24

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

Proximate constituents of some homegarden food crops and household food security in Mizoram, northeast India. (2019). Indian Journal of Hill Farming, 32(1). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJHF/article/view/94786