State level agricultural vulnerability to climate change in North-eastern region of India


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Authors

  • Mun Yomcha
  • S.M. Feroze
  • Dayohimi Rymbai
  • Ram Singh

Keywords:

Exposure, Sensitivity, Adaptive capacity, Vulnerability

Abstract

The difficult terrain, fragile hill ecology, poor infrastructure and resource endowments, low level of productivity make the agriculture vulnerable to climate change in Northeastern (NE) region of India. The small and marginal land holdings add to the inability to cope up with the climatic stress. There are every possibilities that failing to achieve the goal of climate action (Goal 13) may become obstacle in the path of achieving the goal of zero hunger (Goal No 2) that underlie the sustainable development goal envisaged by UNDP. Hence, this paper assessed the agricultural vulnerability of the
different eight states in the NE region by constructing a vulnerability index using secondary data. The three dimensions of vulnerability viz. exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity includes a number of indicators. Manipur was agriculturally the most vulnerable state due to high exposure to change in climatic factors and lower adaptive capacity, whereas Tripura was the least vulnerable due to higher level of adaptive capacity. About 50% of the states were medium to highly vulnerable. Hence, increasing the cropping intensity, irrigation facility, extending the credit facility may help the states to cope up with the climate changes; hence decreasing their vulnerability. 

Author Biographies

  • Mun Yomcha
    School of Social Sciences, College of Post Graduate Studies, Central Agricultural university, Umiam-793103, Meghalaya
  • S.M. Feroze
    School of Social Sciences, College of Post Graduate Studies, Central Agricultural university, Umiam-793103, Meghalaya
  • Dayohimi Rymbai
    School of Social Sciences, College of Post Graduate Studies, Central Agricultural university, Umiam-793103, Meghalaya
  • Ram Singh
    School of Social Sciences, College of Post Graduate Studies, Central Agricultural university, Umiam-793103, Meghalaya

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Submitted

2019-10-24

Published

2019-10-24

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Section

Articles

How to Cite

State level agricultural vulnerability to climate change in North-eastern region of India. (2019). Indian Journal of Hill Farming, 32(1). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJHF/article/view/94791