Transition and Well-Being Status of Konyak Naga Tribe Dependent on Shifting Cultivation: An Empirical Case Study


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Authors

  • D. K. Pandey
  • Shantanu Kumar Dubey
  • H. K. De
  • B. Jirli
  • L. Geetarani
  • Punabati Heisnam

Keywords:

Hill tribe, Nagaland, Shifting cultivation, Transition, Well-being

Abstract

This study is focused on the livelihood transition and happiness status among Konyak Naga tribe whose living primarily depends on Shifting Cultivation (SC) in Mon, a remote Hill district of Nagaland. Using a resilience approach, 50 tribal households were interviewed with the help of structured interview schedule. The findings reveal transition in terms of an aversion of Konyakn youths to SC, declining dependency on SC and devotion to fare share
(36%) of total expenditure on children’s education and clothing. Further, increased access to mobile phone, presence of mass media is triggering material aspirations among the community. The average monthly income of respondent households was found to be about ₹ 13, 450 and 82.23% of this was contributed by agriculture and allied activities. Higher inclination was observed towards settled cultivation with high value horticultural crops,
however, lack of market access and technological gap coupled with poor reach of agricultural extension services are impeding start-up. The study reveals that well-being of 83% respondent households was found to be moderate or inconsistent. They are experiencing difficulties as on date and also expected to continue with it in the near future. Hence, planning and
implementation of policies focused towards welfare and livelihood diversification need to be revisited to enhance overall well-being of the ethnic minorities who rely on SC for their livelihood.

Author Biographies

  • D. K. Pandey

    College of Horticulture & Forestry, Central Agricultural University (Manipur), Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh



  • Shantanu Kumar Dubey
    ICAR-Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
  • H. K. De
    ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
  • B. Jirli
    Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
  • L. Geetarani
    College of Horticulture & Forestry, Central Agricultural University (Manipur), Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh
  • Punabati Heisnam
    College of Horticulture & Forestry, Central Agricultural University (Manipur), Pasighat, Arunachal Pradesh

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Submitted

2019-10-24

Published

2019-10-24

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Section

Articles

How to Cite

Transition and Well-Being Status of Konyak Naga Tribe Dependent on Shifting Cultivation: An Empirical Case Study. (2019). Indian Journal of Hill Farming, 32(1). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJHF/article/view/94804