Conquering Rinderpest in India: A Symphony of Science and Ethics Paving the Way for Future Veterinary Triumphs


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Authors

  • P.K Uppal Former Advisor Animal Husbandry, Government of Punjab, Punjab

https://doi.org/10.62757/IVA.2024.101.2.7-9

Keywords:

Rinderpest, India, Veterinary, Triumphs

Abstract

Throughout the course of human history, the enduring impact of the Rinderpest disease on social, economic, and ecological facets has persisted for millennia. Traditionally disseminated through trade and conflict, the disease has caused substantial cattle losses in India, with notable instances such as the one million animal deaths in Himachal Pradesh in 1860. By 1996, the number of outbreaks and death rates had plummeted to zero, a stark contrast to the 8,000 outbreaks and 200,000 deaths per year before 1950. This disease was known notorious for spreading through the trade in animals and as a consequence of war, left an indelible mark on the course of humanity. In India, Rinderpest was accountable for the decimation of thousands of cattle annually, with its prevalence extending to nearly every district in the country, as documented by Hallen et al. in 1871. The mortality rate attributed to this disease ranged from 80% to 100%, inflicting substantial economic losses.

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References

Hallen JHB, Mcleod K, Charles JG, Keer HC, Allijan MM (1871). The Cattle Plague Commission report to Government of India, 999 pp.

Dutta S (1954). The National Rinderpest Eradication Programme. Indian J Vet Sci AnimHusb 24:1-9.

Edwards JT (1924) Annual report Imp. Int. Vet. Res., Mukteshwar.32.

Edwards JT (1949). The uses and limitations of caprinized virus in the control of rinderpest (Cattle Plague) among British and near-Eastern cattle. Br Vet J 105:209-253.

Uppal DR, Seetharaman C (1957) Some observations on the large scale production of freeze-dried goat adapted rinderpest virus vaccine. Indian Vet J 34:157-165.

Upal PK (2011) National Testimonies under the Global Rinderpest Eradication Programme. Project Report submitted to FAO.

Dhanda MR, Uppal DR,Sharma GL (1967) Susceptibility of exotic breeds of cattle to Rinderpest lapinized and lapinizedavaianized vaccines. Indian Vet J 44:1-6.

Submitted

2024-02-22

Published

2024-02-23

How to Cite

P.K Uppal. (2024). Conquering Rinderpest in India: A Symphony of Science and Ethics Paving the Way for Future Veterinary Triumphs. The Indian Veterinary Journal, 101(2), 7-9. https://doi.org/10.62757/IVA.2024.101.2.7-9