Integrated disease management of phyllody of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)


Abstract views: 27 / PDF downloads: 1

INTEGRATED DISEASE MANAGEMENT OF PHYLLODY OF SESAME

Authors

  • DATA RAM KUMHAR College of Agriculture, Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner-334 006, Rajasthan
  • A K MEENA College of Agriculture, Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner-334 006, Rajasthan

https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v33i3.137980

Keywords:

Antibiotics, Botanicals, Insecticides, Phyllody, Phytoplasma asteris, Sesame

Abstract

Sesame phyllody is an important disease caused by a pleomorphic phytoplasma which is transmitted by a leafhopper, Orosius albinctus. The affected plants become stunted and floral parts are modified in to leafy structures bearing no fruits and seeds causing yield loss up to 59.6 per cent. In this view, a field experiment was conducted at Agriculture Research Sub-Station, Hanumangarh, Rajasthan for the effective management of sesame phyllody through the application of antibiotics, botanicals and insecticides. The experiment was carried out to study the efficacyofseed treatment with imidacloprid and foliar spray ofinsecticides + combination ofstreptocycline + copper oxychloride. The treatment comprising seed treatment with imidacloprid 70WS @ 5g/kg seed followed by two sprays of thiomethoxam25WG @ 0.25 g/l at 40 and 50 DAS and one spray ofstreptocycline 150 ppm+ copper oxychloride 50WP @ 2g/l at 60 DAS gave minimum disease incidence of 2.5%, highest seed yield of 918 kg/ha as well as maximum cost benefit ratio of 1: 3.32 followed by seed treatment with imidacloprid 70WS @ 5g/kg seed + two sprays of thiacloprid 21.7SC @1ml/l + one spray of streptocycline 150 ppm + copper oxychloride 50WP @ 2g/l which was significantly superior over standard check with a per cent disease incidence of 11.7% and seed yield of 547 kg/ha.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abraham E V, Natarajan K and Murugaesan M 1977. Damage by pests and phyllody to Sesamum indicum in relation to time sowing. Madras Agriculture Journal, 64: 298-301.

Anonymous 2010. Sesame production data. http://faostat.fao.org. Ashri A 1998. Sesame breeding. Plant Breeding Review, 16: 179-228.

Beech D F 1981. Phyllody - its impact on yield and possible control measures. In: Sesame: Status and Improvement, Ashri A and Poetiary P (Eds.) FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper No. 29, Rome, Italy, pp. 73-80.

Chauhan S, Rao V P, Reddy A P K, Jayasree G and Reddy S N 2016. Response of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) to irrigation scheduling based on climatological approach and N fertigation levels. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 33(1): 38-44.

DES 2013. Agricultural Statistics Database, Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation Government of India, http:// www.dacnet.nic.in and FAO. Agricultural data. Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy. http://faostat.fao.org.

Dey P K, Jana S K, Chakraborty G and Somchoudhury A K 2005. Evaluation of imidacloprid (70WS-20SL) against sucking pest complex of okra, Abelmoschus esculentus. Journal of Entomological Research, 29(3): 215-218.

Gowanlock D, Greber R, Behncken G M and Finlay J 1976. Electro-microscopy of mycoplasma-like bodies in several Queensland crop species. Second National Plant Pathology Conference, Brisbane, Australia.

Jyothirmai T, Murali K T, Ramaiah M, Padmavathamma K and Ramakrishna Rao A 2002. Efficacy of different insecticides against jassids on groundnut. Journal of Entomological Research, 26(4): 291-295.

Klein M 1977. Sesame phyllody in Israel. Journal of Phytopathology, 88(2): 165-171.

Kumaraswamy H H, Jawaharlal J, Ranganatha A R G and Chander Rao S 2015. Safe sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) production: Perspectives, practices and challenges. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 32(1): 1-24.

Maiti S, Hegde M R and Chattopadhyay S B 1988. Handbook of Oilseed Crops, 317 pp. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. (Pvt.). Ltd, New Delhi.

Manjunatha N, Prameela H A, Rangaswamy K T and Palanna K B 2012. Phyllody phytoplasma infecting sesame in South India. Phytopathogenic Mollicutes, 2: 29-32.

Pal B P and Pushkarnath 1935. Phyllody: A possible virus disease of sesamum. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 5: 517-522.

Pathak D M, Patel D R and Patel R R 2013.Control of sesame phyllody caused by PLO's. International Journal of Forestry and Crop Improvement, 4(1): 47-48.

Sataur M 1981. Fungi, bacteria, viruses, mycoplasma, nematodes and insectsattacking sesame. In: Sesame: Status and Improvement, Ashri A and Poetiary P (Eds.), FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper No. 29, Rome, Italy, pp. 81-84.

Serry M and Sataur M 1981. Major diseases ofsesame and sources of resistance in Egypt. In: Sesame: Status and Improvement, Ashri A and Poetiary P (Eds.), FAO Plant Production and Protection Paper No. 29, Rome, Italy, pp. 71-72.

Shyu Y S S and Hwang L S 2002. Antioxidant activity of white and black sesame seeds and their hull fractions. Food Research International, 35: 357-365.

Sujatha M, Prashant K S and Jawaharlal J 2015. Identification of Podosphaera xanthii causing powdery mildew on sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Journal of Oilseeds Research, 32(2): 183-185.

Tan A S 2010. Screening phyllody infected sesame varieties and seed transmission of phyllody under natural conditions in Turkey. Journal of Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, 20: 26-33.

Turkmenoglu Z and Ari O 1959. A virus disease-phyllody virus-noted on sesame in the Aegean Region. BitkiKoruma Bülteni, 1(2): 12-17.

Uzun B, Arslan C and Furat S 2008. Variation in fatty acid compositions, oil content and oil yield in a germplasm collection of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Journal of American Oil Chemists Society, 85: 1135-1142.

Vasudeva R S and Sahambi H S 1955. Phyllody in sesamum (Sesamum orientale L.). Indian Phytopathology, 8: 124-129.

Venkanna Y, Ranga Rao G V and Dharma Reddy K 2010. Bioefficacy of neonicotinoid insecticides against thrips, Scirtothrips dorsalis and leafhoppers, Empoasca kerri in groundnut.Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 38(2): 134-138.

Downloads

Submitted

2023-06-19

Published

2016-10-21

How to Cite

DATA RAM KUMHAR, & A K MEENA. (2016). Integrated disease management of phyllody of sesame (Sesamum indicum L.): INTEGRATED DISEASE MANAGEMENT OF PHYLLODY OF SESAME. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 33(3). https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v33i3.137980