Evaluation and characterization of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) germplasm lines


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Evaluation and characterization of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) germplasm lines

Authors

  • E UMARANI Agricultural Research Station, Tornala, Siddipet-502 114
  • A SARITHA Agricultural Research Station, Tornala, Siddipet-502 114
  • A V RAMANJANEYULU Agricultural Research Station, Tornala, Siddipet-502 114

https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v37iSpecialissue.139461

Keywords:

Evaluation, Germplasm, Sunflower

Abstract

Evaluation and characterization of sunflower germplasm lines is important due to increasing needs of varietal
improvement and it is essential for the gene bank management to avoid duplications. In the present investigation, 67 germplasm lines including B, R lines and inbreds were evaluated and characterized by using six yield and yield contributing traits. Frequency distribution under each group was calculated. Five parameters viz., days to 50% flowering (early-50.56 % and medium-49.44%), days to maturity (early-46.07% and medium-53.93%), head diameter (small-59.55% and medium-40.45%), 100-seed weight (low-11.24% and medium-88.76%) and single plant yield (low1.12% and medium-98.88%) were dimorphic. Whereas, plant height showed five states of expression namely very short (19.10%), short (55.06%), medium (19.10%), tall (4.49%) and very tall (2.25%). Two genotypes namely, CMS104B and HA-291B were found promising for head diameter and HA-2023B for seed yield/plant. Further, based on the objective the genotypes from the different groups will be used in breedingprogramme.

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References

Anonymous 2009. Guidelines for Conduct of Test for Distinctiveness, Uniformity and Stability on Sunflower.

Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Authority, Government of India. pp.1-27.

Federer H 1956. A study of function spaces by spectral sequences. Transactions of the American Mathematical

Society, 82(2): 340-361.

Kulkarni V, Shankegoud, I and Govindappa M R 2015. Evaluation and characterization of sunflower germplasm

accessions for quantitative characters. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding, 6(1): 257-263.

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Submitted

2023-07-19

Published

2020-03-12

How to Cite

E UMARANI, A SARITHA, & A V RAMANJANEYULU. (2020). Evaluation and characterization of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) germplasm lines: Evaluation and characterization of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) germplasm lines. Journal of Oilseeds Research, 37(Specialissue). https://doi.org/10.56739/jor.v37iSpecialissue.139461