Status of mushroom production in India
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The global mushroom industry has expanded very rapidly in the last two decades by the addition of newer types of mushrooms for commercial cultivation. However, mushroom as a vegetable is yet to find regular place among the Indian consumers. Despite of favourable agro-climate, abundance of agro wastes, relatively low-cost labour and a rich fungal biodiversity, India has witnessed a lukewarm response in its growth. At present, the total mushroom production in India is approximately 0.13 million tons. From 2010-2017, the mushroom industry in India has registered an average growth rate of 4.3% per annum. Out of the total mushroom produced, white button mushroom share is 73% followed by oyster mushroom (16%), paddy straw mushroom (7%) and milky mushroom (3%). Compared to other vegetables; per capita consumption of mushrooms in India is meagre and data indicates it is less than 100 grams per year. In the year 2016-2017, Indian mushroom industry generated revenue of Rs. 7282.26 lacs by exporting 1054 quintals of white button mushroom in canned and frozen form. By considering the production statistics, the spawn demand in India is estimated about 8000-10000 tons per annum. Majority of this commercial spawn to the growers is being supplied by the private units and the contribution of public sector organizations in spawn supply was limited to 10% only. In this article we made an attempt to analyse the current scenario of the mushroom industry with the assistance of AICRP network centres located across the country and discussed the opportunities and challenges for development of mushroom entrepreneurship in India.
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