Reformation in Egypt’s Cotton Programme Towards Upland Cotton: Barbadense vs Hirsutum

Authors

  • MOHAMED NEGM Professor of Spinning Research Dept., Cotton Research Institute, Agricultural Research Center, 9 Gamaa Street, 12619, Giza

Keywords:

Egypt, Cotton, Import of Upland Cotton, Barbadense, Hirsutum

Abstract

As the leading agricultural sub-sector in Egypt, Cotton provides the livelihoods for hundreds of thousands of farm families. The cotton sub-sector, including production, trading, ginning, spinning, textile manufacturing, oil extraction, and livestock feed manufacturing, is the leading employer in the country. The development of new Barbadense varieties requires a well-organized team operating over a very long period, generally between 15-18 years. There has been considerable interest in the past to exploit the potential of Hirsutum varieties in Egypt. In the early 1980s and before, Egyptian scientists in Cotton Research Institute (CRI), in universities and other research centers, conducted production trials of Hirsutum varieties. With proper regulations regarding the cultivation of these two types of cotton, along with regulations that are already in place and enforced by the Ministry of Agriculture, Egypt should be able to produce and profit from both types of cotton. Local production of American Upland cotton in Upper Egypt will be spun into coarse and medium yarn counts and is a potential substitute for imported raw Upland cotton and yarns, and Egyptian Long and Extra-Long Staple in North Delta will be used for the production of fine yarns and fabrics for export.

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References

Academy of Scientific Research and Technology (1985) - Final report of Short season and high yield cotton project, January 1985.

Cotton Arbitration and Testing General Organization (CATGO) (2019) - Cotton Bulletin Season 2019 Week 52, published by Information and Documentary Center (in Arabic).

Cotton Outlook (2019) - World Long Staple: July 2019.

International Cotton Advisory Committee (ICAC) (2019) - Extra Fine Cotton Update: July, 2019.

International Trade Centre (ITC) (2019) - List of products exported by Egypt (Cotton) - https://www.trademap.org/Product_SelCountry_TS.aspx?nvpm=1%7c818%7c%7c%7c%7c52%7c%7c%7c4%7c1%7c1%7c2%7c2%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1%7c1 (Assessed in June 2019)

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Published

2021-08-16

How to Cite

NEGM, M. (2021). Reformation in Egypt’s Cotton Programme Towards Upland Cotton: Barbadense vs Hirsutum. Cotton Research Journal, 10(1). Retrieved from https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/CoRJ/article/view/114023