Mechanical Harvesting of Cotton : A Global Research Scenario and Indian Case Studies


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Authors

  • S. K. SHUKLA Principal Scientist, ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology, Mumbai-400019
  • V. G. ARUDE Senior Scientist, ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology, Mumbai-400019
  • S. M. DESHMUKH SRF, ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology, Mumbai-400019
  • P. G. PATIL Director, ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology, Mumbai-400019
  • V. MAGESHWARAN Scientist, ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology, Mumbai-400019
  • C. SUNDARAMOORTHY Senior Scientist, ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology, Mumbai-400019

Keywords:

Picker, Harvesting efficiency, fibre quality, stripper, manuals, picking

Abstract

Cotton farmers in India are looking for mechanization of cotton harvesting in the wake of reduced farm labour availability and significant increase in manual cotton picking cost. Small land holdings are making adoption of existing advanced pickers and strippers economically unviable. In India, considerable work towards development of viable and appropriate picker and stripper prototypes is going on for over last two decades. Field performance, fibre quality parameters, maintenance and fuel costs and economic returns, of 1-row cotton picker developed by John Deere India and finger type stripper developed by ICAR institutes are presented in this paper. In addition, an exhaustive review of the past work dealing with manual versus picker and stripper harvesting systems of cotton in terms of trash content, fibre quality parameters, maintenance cost, fuel above cost and economic returns are also presented in this work. Field evaluations have demonstrated that these cotton harvesters developed in India are performing at par with commercially available pickers and strippers used in USA and Australia.

Author Biography

  • S. K. SHUKLA, Principal Scientist, ICAR-Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology, Mumbai-400019

     

     

     

     

     

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Submitted

2021-08-18

Published

2021-08-18

How to Cite

Mechanical Harvesting of Cotton : A Global Research Scenario and Indian Case Studies. (2021). Cotton Research Journal, 8(2). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/CoRJ/article/view/114120