Crop diversification for enhancing productivity, profitability and resource use efficiency of rice (Oryza sativa)-based systems in red and lateritic soils of eastern region


Abstract views: 118 / PDF downloads: 125

Authors

  • BISWAJIT SAHA Visva-Bharati University, Sriniketan, Birbhum, West Bengal 731 236, India
  • ARUN KUMAR BARIK Dept. of Agronomy, Institute of Agriculture, Visva-Bharati, Sriniketan-731236, West Bengal
  • NAKUL MANDAL Visva-Bharati University, Sriniketan, Birbhum, West Bengal 731 236, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i8.101772

Keywords:

Keywords, Crop diversification, Rice equivalent yield, System economics, System productivity, Energetics

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at agricultural farm, Institute of Agriculture, Visva-Bharati, West Bengal to identify most productive, remunerative and resource use efficient rice (Oryza sativa L.)-based cropping systems in red and lateritic soil during 2014–15 and 2015–16. Pooled data of two years field experiments revealed that highest productivity of rice was achieved from legume involved system, viz. rice-potato-green gram (4.81 t/ha) followed by rice-yellow sarson-green gram (4.67 t/ha) and rice-lentil-okra (4.64 t/ha) which were at par with each other. Highest system rice equivalent yield (SREY) was found in rice-baby corn-elephant foot yam (31.89 t/ha/yr) which was at par with rice-french bean-baby corn (30.99 t/ha/yr). Rice-baby corn-elephant foot yam system achieved significantly higher system gross return (`4,22,467/ha) and net return (`2,69,557/ha) over other systems. However, significantly higher system return per rupee investment was obtained from rice-lentil-okra (`3.12). Significantly higher system production efficiency/SPE (129.14 kg/ha/day) and higher employment potential (345 man days/ha/yr) was found in rice-french bean-baby corn. Highest land use efficiency (LUE) was in rice-lentil-elephant foot yam system (94.5%) followed by rice-baby corn-elephant foot yam (86.3%) and rice-potato-sesame (73.9%). Rice-french bean-baby corn also showed highest system energy output (1344.14 GJ/ha), energy output:input ratio (43.47), energy output efficiency (4.99 GJ/ ha/day) and highest energy productivity (6448.35 kg REY/GJ). This was similar with rice-yellow sarson-baby corn sequence. Hence, inclusion of vegetables (french bean, baby corn, elephant foot yam) in rice-based cropping systems enhanced the productivity, profitability, energy use efficiency and employment potential over traditional cropping sequences like rice-potato-green gram and rice-potato-sesame in red and lateritic soil of eastern region.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Alluvione F, Moretti B, Sacco D and Grignani C. 2011. EUE (Energy use efficiency) of cropping systems for a sustainable agriculture. Energy 36(7): 4468–81.

Anderson R I. 2005. Are some crops synergistic to following crops? Agronomy Journal 97(1):7–10.

Bastia D K, Garnayak L M and Barik T. 2008. Diversification of rice (Oryza sativa)-based cropping systems for higher productivity resource-use efficiency and economics. Indian Journal of Agronomy 53(1): 22–26.

Baishya A, Gogoi B, Hazarika J, Hazarika J P, Bora A S, Das A K, Borah M and Sutradhar P. 2016.

Maximizing system productivity and profitability through crop intensification and diversification with rice (Oryza sativa)-based cropping systems in acid soils of Assam. Indian Journal of Agronomy 61(3): 274–80.

Chitale S, Sarawgi S K, Tiwari A and Urkurkar J S. 2011. Assessment of productivity and profitability of different rice (Oryza sativa)-based cropping systems in Chhattisgarh plains. Indian Journal of Agronomy 56(4): 305–10.

Choudhary V K, Kumar P S, Sarkar S K and Yadav J S. 2013. Production potential, economic analysis and energy auditing for maize-vegetable based cropping systems in Eastern Himalayan region, Arunachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Agricultural sciences 83(1): 110–15.

Gill M S and Ahlawat I P S. 2006. Crop diversification-its role towards sustainability and profitability. Indian Journal of Fertilisers 2(9):125–38.

Gomez K A and Gomez A A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd edn, pp. 139–240. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Hadi M R H S. 2012. Energy efficiency of potato crop in major production regions of Iran. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Science 4(2): 51–53.

Kachroo D, Thakur N P, Kumar P and Sharma R. 2012. Productivity and energetic of rice (Oryza sativa)-based cropping systems under sub-tropical condition of Jammu. Indian Journal of Agronomy 53(1):18–21.

Khanda C M, Mandal B K and Garnayak L M. 2005. Productivity and economics of different rice-based cropping sequences as influenced by integrated nutrient management. Oryza 42(1): 48–51.

Kumar R, Kumar M, Kumar A and Pandey A. 2015c. Productivity, profitability, nutrient uptake and soil health as influenced by establishment methods and nutrient management practices in transplanted rice (Oryza sativa) under hill ecosystem of North East India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 85(5): 634–39.

Kumar M, Kumar R, Rangnamei K L, Das A, Meena K L and Rajkhowa D J. 2019. Crop diversification for enhancing the productivity for food and nutritional security under the Eastern Himalayas. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89(7): 1157–61.

Mishra M M, Mohanty M, Gulati J L M and Nanda S S. 2013. Evaluation of various rice (Oryza sativa)-based crop sequences for enhanced productivity, profitability and energy efficiency in eastern plateau and hills zone of India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 83(12):1279–84.

Porpavai S, Devasenapathy P, Siddeswaran K and Jayaraj T. 2011. Impact of various rice-based cropping systems on soil fertility. Journal of Cereals and Oilseeds 2(3): 43–46.

Prasad D, Yadav M S and Singh C S. 2013. Diversification of rice (Oryza sativa)-based cropping systems for productivity, profitability and resource-use efficiency under irrigated ecosystem of Jharkhand. Indian Journal of Agronomy 58(3): 264–70.

Ray M, Samanta B, Haldar P, Chatterjee S and Khan D K. 2012. Economic characterization of predominant farming systems in West Bengal, India. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 1(3): 40–7.

Saroch K, Bhargava M and Sharma J J. 2005. Diversification of existing rice (Oryza sativa)-based cropping systems for sustainable productivity under irrigation conditions. Indian Journal of Agronomy 50(2): 86–88.

Sharma R P, Dutta, S K and Ghosh M. 2014. Diversification of rice (Oryza sativa)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping for sustainable production in south Bihar alluvial plains. Indian Journal of Agronomy 59(2): 191–99.

Tuti M D, Prakash V, Pandey B M, Bhattacharya R, Mahanta D, Bisht J K, Mina M K, Mina B L, Kumar N, Bhatt J C and Srivastva A K. 2012. Energy budgeting of colocasia-based cropping systems in the Indian sub-Himalayas. Energy 45(9): 986–93.

Walia S S, Gill M S, Bhushan B, Phutela R P and Aulakh C S. 2011. Alternate cropping systems to rice (Oryza sativa)-wheat (Triticum aestivum) in Punjab. Indian Journal of Agronomy 56(1): 20–27.

Downloads

Submitted

2020-06-29

Published

2022-04-05

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

SAHA, B., BARIK, A. K., & MANDAL, N. (2022). Crop diversification for enhancing productivity, profitability and resource use efficiency of rice (Oryza sativa)-based systems in red and lateritic soils of eastern region. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(8), 974-977. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i8.101772
Citation