Canopy management to improve fruit quality of Coe Red Fuji, Granny Smith and Spartan varieties of apple (Malus domestica)

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  • Javid Iqbal Mir Senior Scientist, Plant Biotechnology, ICAR-Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture, Rangreth, Srinagar 190 007
  • Nazeer Ahmed Vice Chancellor, Shere Kashmir University of Agricultural Science and Technology, Srinagar
  • Desh Beer Singh Director, ICAR-Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture, Rangreth, Srinagar 190 007
  • Om Chand Sharma Principal Scientist, Fruit Science, ICAR-Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture, Rangreth, Srinagar 190 007
  • Waseem Hassan Raja Scientist, Fruit Science, ICAR-Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture, Rangreth, Srinagar 190 007
  • Wajida Shafi Research Associate, ICAR-Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture, Rangreth, Srinagar 190 007
  • Shafia Zaffer Young Professional-II, ICAR-Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture, Rangreth, Srinagar 190 007
  • Sumaira Jan Young Scientist, ICAR-Central Institute of Temperate Horticulture, Rangreth, Srinagar 190 007
  • S N Kirmani Senior Technical Officer, ICAR-CITH


Light interception, Yield efficiency, Photon flux, Training system


Light management within apple ( Malus domestica Borkh.) canopies has been an invariable rationale of fruit tree architecture strategy during the development of training systems. This paper attempts to compare fruit quality characteristics of three apple cultivars Coe Red Fuji, Granny Smith and Spartan trained on three canopy architectural engineering (training) system, viz. Espalier, Vertical axis and Cordon were grafted on M 9 rootstock. The maximum fruit weight (210.11g) was observed in Granny Smith and maximum yield per tree (32.11 kg/cm2) and yield efficiency (0.69 kg/cm2) in Coe Red Fuji which may be due to higher crop density. Among training systems, maximum fruit weight (200.12 g), highest yield per tree (36.36 kg) and maximum yield efficiency (0.72 kg/cm2) was observed in espalier training system. The interaction study displayed maximum fruit weight in Granny Smith (210.55g), highest yield per tree in Coe Red Fuji (32.16 kg) and maximum yield efficiency in Spartan on Espalier system. Light interception demonstrated maximum photon flux density (237 µmolm-2 s-1) across the canopy of Spartan with minimum leaf area index (0.30) and among training systems maximum PPFD (221 µmolm-2s-1) was observed in Espalier system with minimum LAI (0.21). Fruit size, TSS and colour parameters of fruits in all varieties were significantly influenced by light intensity. Higher the light intensity, higher was the TSS and colour development in coloured varieties like Spartan and Coe Red Fuji. Therefore, espalier training system was found the best canopy management system allowing maximum PAR penetration and diffusion leading better fruit quality and productivity.


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How to Cite

Mir, J. I., Ahmed, N., Singh, D. B., Sharma, O. C., Raja, W. H., Shafi, W., Zaffer, S., Jan, S., & Kirmani, S. N. (2020). Canopy management to improve fruit quality of Coe Red Fuji, Granny Smith and Spartan varieties of apple (Malus domestica). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 90(8), 1397-1401.