Influence of coloured shade nets and seasons on production and quality of cut foliage of leather leaf fern (Rumohra adiantiformis)

Abstract views: 217 / PDF downloads: 79


  • SUJATHA A NAIR Principal Scientist, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560 089, India
  • R H LAXMAN Principal Scientist, Division of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560 089, India
  • SANGAMA SANGAMA Principal Scientist , Division of Post Harvest Technology, ICAR-IIHR, Bengaluru


Coloured shade nets, Cut foliage, Leather leaf fern, Photomorphogenesis


Leather leaf fern [Rumohra adiantiformis (G forst) Ching.] was grown under red, green, white and black coloured shade nets permitting light intensities ranging from 240.50 to 370 μ mol m-2 s-1 (75% shade net), for two consecutive years from 2014-16, at ICAR-IIHR, Bengaluru. The influence of coloured nets and the season on cut foliage yield and quality were evaluated. Developmental stages of the fronds under the different coloured nets were also studied. Fronds attained the harvestable maturity stage at 33 days post emergence under red shade net, whereas it took 31.5 days under green shade net. The plants cultivated under red shade net (75% shade) resulted in higher foliage production/plant/ month (6.60) while it was on par with black shade nets in terms of quality of the foliage with respect to length of lamina (24.90 cm) and frond width (17.77 cm). The vase life of the cut foliage grown under red shade net was 47.6 days. Cultivation of leather leaf fern under red shade resulted in maximum cut foliage yield, quality and post harvest life.


Download data is not yet available.


Ayala Tafoya F Juárez M G Y Orona C A L López R M Alcaraz T J V and Valdés T D. 2018. Sunlight transmitted by colored shade nets on photosynthesis and yield of cucumber. Ciência Rural, Santa Maria 48:09. DOI:

Ayala Tafoya F Zatarain López D M Valenzuela López M Partida Ruvalcaba L Velázquez Alcaraz T de J Díaz Valdés T and Osuna Sánchez J A. 2011. Growth and yield of tomato in response to sun radiation transmitted by shade nets. Terra Latinoamericana 29 (4): 403–410.

Cervelli C Castello S and Fadelli P G. 2003. Leaf distinctive features and production of leather leaf fern grown in greenhouse under different shading levels. Acta Horticulture 614: 521–526. DOI:

Gomez K A and Gomez A A.1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, p 680. 2nd ed. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Leite C A Ito R M Lee G T S Ganelevin R and Fagnani M.A. 2008. Light spectrum management using colored nets to control the growth and blooming of Phalaenopsis. Acta Horticulturae 770: 177–184. DOI:

Lobos G A Retamales J B Hancock J F Flore J A Cobo N and Pozo A. 2012. Spectral irradiance, gas exchange characteristics and leaf traits of Vaccinium corymbosum L. ‘Elliott’ grown under photo-selective nets. Environmental and Experimental Botany 75 : 142–149. DOI:

Medany M A Hassanein M K and Farag A A.2009. Effect of black and white nets as alternative covers to sweet pepper production under greenhouses in Egypt. Acta Horticulturae 807: 121–126. DOI:

Meena R Vashisth A Singh R Singh B and Manjaih K M. 2014. Micro environment study under different colour shade nets and its effects on biophysical parameters in spinach (Spinacia oleracea). (In) Agriculture: Towards a New Paradigm of Sustainability, 11–17. Mishra G C (Ed).

Myrthong A L and Sudhadevi P K. 2016 . Performance evaluation of Nephrolepis exaltata and Asparagus sp. under different coloured shade nets. International Journal of Applied and Pure Science and Agriculture 2 (7): 113–117.

Oliveira G C Vieira W L Bertolli S C and Pacheco A C. 2016. Photosynthetic behavior, growth and essential oil production of Melissa officinalis L. cultivated under colored shade nets. Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research 76(1): 123–128. DOI:

Shahak Y. 2008. Photo-selective netting for improved performance of horticultural crops. A review of ornamental and vegetable studies carried out in Israel. Acta Horticulturae 770:161–168. DOI:

Stamps R H. 2006. Irrigation and nutrient management practices for commercial leather leaf fern production. Florida.Fla. Coop Ext. Serv. Bulletin 300.

Stamps R H and Chandler A L. 2008. Differential effects of colored shade nets on three cut foliage crops. Acta Horticulturae 770: 169–176. DOI:

Strandberg J O. 2003. Seasonal variations in production and development of leather leaf fern leaves. Annals of Applied Biology 143: 235–243 DOI:

Strandberg J O Stamps R H and Norman D J. 1997. Fern anthracnose; A guide for effective disease management. Gainesville, Florida. University of Florida. Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin Number 900: 74.

Stuefer J F and Huber H. 1998.Differential effects of light quantity and spectral light quality on growth, morphology and development of two stoloniferous Potentilla species. Oecologia 117: 1–8. DOI:









How to Cite

NAIR, S. A., LAXMAN, R. H., & SANGAMA, S. (2020). Influence of coloured shade nets and seasons on production and quality of cut foliage of leather leaf fern (Rumohra adiantiformis). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 90(8), 1434-1438.