Morphological assessment to predict genetic variability for leaf yield and component traits in Moringa (Moringa oleifera)


Abstract views: 162 / PDF downloads: 100 / PDF downloads: 29

Authors

  • SUPRIYA MANDAL UNIVERSITY OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE, BAGALKOT, KARNATAKA-587104IN AN RESEARCH AGREEMENT WITH ICAR-IIHR, BENGALURU
  • RAJA SHANKAR ICAR-INDIAN INSTITUTE OF HORTICULTURAL RESEARCH, BENGALURU 560089
  • C N HANCHINAMANI COLLEGE OF HORTICULTURE, BENGALURU 560065, UNIVERSITY OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE, BAGALKOT 587104
  • M ANJANAPPA COLLEGE OF HORTICULTURE, KOLAR 563102, UNIVERSITY OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE, BAGALKOT 587104
  • ARVIND KUMAR J S COLLEGE OF HORTICULTURE, MYSORE 571130,UNIVERSITY OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE, BAGALKOT 587104

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i6.108359

Keywords:

Genetic variability, GCV, PCV, heritability, genetic advance, genetic advance as per cent of mean, additive gene action, Moringa oleifera L., leaf yield.

Abstract

Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.) is primarily grown for its pod but nowadays it is gaining demands for leaf production.
Moringa leaves have immense medicinal and dietary value to supplement nutrients for good health. Therefore,
identification and selection of leafy type genotype(s) is imperative. Fifty-two genotypes collected from diversified
areas of India were evaluated at Division of Vegetable crops, ICAR-IIHR, Bengaluru from 2018–2020. Analysis
of variance for growth and leaf yield traits indicated existence of considerable genetic variability in the gene pool.
Magnitude of phenotypic coefficient of variation was higher than its genotypic level for all the traits, indicating the
environmental influence on their expression. Higher genotypic and phenotypic coefficient of variation was observed
for all the leaf yield traits indicating that higher variability and simple selection would be effective. High heritability
was recorded for all growth and leaf yield related traits (60.74–99.89%) except number of primary rachis per leaf
(35.66%), suggesting selection based on phenotypic expression is effective for improvement. The estimate of genetic advance as per cent mean value was high for all growth and leaf yield related traits except edible leaf per cent and number of primary rachis per leaf, revealing that additive gene action and selection approach is most helpful for improvement of these characters. High heritability coupled with high genetic advance was observed for stem length, whole leaf weight/shoot and edible leaf weight/shoot which revealed that these characters are under additive gene action and showed higher responses of these trait towards selection.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

  • SUPRIYA MANDAL, UNIVERSITY OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE, BAGALKOT, KARNATAKA-587104IN AN RESEARCH AGREEMENT WITH ICAR-IIHR, BENGALURU

    Department of Vegetable Science, University of Horticultural Science, Bagalkot-587104

    Research student at ICAR-IIHR, Bengaluru-560089

    Area of interest: Drumstick (Breeding and Production) 

     

  • RAJA SHANKAR, ICAR-INDIAN INSTITUTE OF HORTICULTURAL RESEARCH, BENGALURU 560089

    Principal Scientist, Division of Vegetable Crops, ICAR-IIHR, Bengaluru 560089

  • C N HANCHINAMANI, COLLEGE OF HORTICULTURE, BENGALURU 560065, UNIVERSITY OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE, BAGALKOT 587104

    HEAD AND PROFESSOR, DEPARTMENT OF VEGETABLE SCIENCE, COLLEGE OF HORTICULTURE, BENGALURU 560065, UNIVERSITY OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE, BAGALKOT 587104

  • M ANJANAPPA, COLLEGE OF HORTICULTURE, KOLAR 563102, UNIVERSITY OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE, BAGALKOT 587104

    HEAD AND PROFESSOR, DEPARTMENT OF VEGETABLE SCIENCE, COLLEGE OF HORTICULTURE, KOLAR 563102, UNIVERSITY OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE, BAGALKOT 587104

  • ARVIND KUMAR J S, COLLEGE OF HORTICULTURE, MYSORE 571130,UNIVERSITY OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE, BAGALKOT 587104

    ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR, DEPARTMENT OF VEGETABLE SCIENCE, COLLEGE OF HORTICULTURE, MYSORE 571130, UNIVERSITY OF HORTICULTURAL SCIENCE, BAGALKOT 587104

References

Akaneme F and Ani G. 2013. Morphological assessment of genetic variability among accessions of Amaranthus hybridus. World Applied Sciences Journal 28(4): 568–77.

Anwar F, Latif S, Ashraf M and Gilani A H. 2007. Moringa oleifera: a food plant with multiple medicinal uses. Phytotherapy Research 21(1): 17–25.

APEDA. 2018. APEDA Market Intelligence Report: Moringa (online). Available at: https://agriexchange.apeda.gov.in/ Weekly_eReport/Moringa_Report.pdf. Accessed on 08 August 2020.

Arabshahi D S, Devi D V and Urooj A. 2007. Evaluation of antioxidant activity of some plant extracts and their heat, pH and storage stability. Food chemistry 100(3): 1100–05.

Burton G W and De-vane E H. 1953. Estimating heritability in tall Fescue (Festuca arundiancea) from replicated clonal material. Agronomy Journal 45(10): 478–81.

Dhakad R S, Sengupta S K, Lal N and Shiurkar G. 2017. Genetic diversity and heritability analysis in Coriander. The Pharma Innovation 6(8): 40–46.

Dudley J W and Moll R H. 1969. Interpretation and use of estimates of heritability and genetic variances in plant breeding. Crop Science 9(3): 257–62.

Falconer D S. 1981. Introduction to Quantitative Genetics, 2nd edn, pp. 164–76. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburg, London.

Johnson H W, Robinson H F and Comstock R E. 1955. Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soybean. Agronomy Journal 47(7): 314–18.

Karunakar J, Preethi T L, Boopathi N M, Pugalendhi L and Hepziba S J. 2018. Genetic variability, correlation, and path analysis in Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 7(5): 3379–82.

Li H, Rasheed A, Hickey L T and He Z. 2018. Fast-forwarding genetic gain. Trends in Plant Science 23(3): 184–86.

Mora F and Saavedra J. 2012. Combining genetic gain and diversity under an individual selection method in a selected provenance of Eucalyptus cladocalyx. Ciencia e investigaciónagraria 39(1): 177–84.

Panse V G and Sukhatme P V. 1967. Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers, 2nd edn. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.

Raja S and Bagle B G. 2008. Variability, inter-relationship among characters and path coefficient studies in annual Moringa. Indian Journal of Horticulture 65(4): 434–40.

Raja S, Bagle B G and More T A. 2013. Evaluation of moringa génotypes situable for semi-arid ecosystem of western India. Indian Journal of Horticulture 68(1): 79–85.

Robinson H F, Comstock R E and Harvey P H. 1949. Estimates of heritability and degree of dominance in corn. Agronomy Journal 41(8): 353–59.

Selvakumari P and Ponnuswami V. 2017. Correlation and genetic variation of thirty-four different genotypes of Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) in Tamil Nadu condition, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(8): 332–35.

Shrivastav S P, Yadav C, Lal K, Singh V and Singh V. 2017. Genetic variability, divergence, correlation and path coefficient analysis for yield and its contributing traits in Amaranthus (Amaranthus paniculatus L.). Trends in Biosciences 10(18): 3257–64.

Shukla S, Bhargava A, Chatterjee A, Srivastava A and Singh S. 2006. Genotypic variability in vegetable amaranth (Amaranthus tricolor L.) for foliage yield and its contributing traits over successive cuttings and years. Euphytica 151(1): 103–10.

Singh A K. 2009. Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance studies in tomato under cold arid region of Ladakh. Indian Journal of Horticulture 66(3): 400–03.

Sivasubramanian S and Madhavamenon P. 1973. Genotypic and phenotypic variability in rice. Madras Agricultural Journal 60(9–12): 1093–96.

Stevens G C, Baiyeri K P and Akinnnagbe O. 2013. Ethno-medicinal and culinary uses of Moringa oleifera Lam. in Nigeria. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 7(13): 799–804.

Suthanthirapandian I R, Sambandamurthy S and Irulappan I. 1989. Variations in seedling populations of annual moringa (Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn.). South Indian Horticulture 37(5): 301–02.

Verma L K, Asati B S, Shankar D and Chandraker M K. 2019. Variability and association studies for yield components in Moringa (Moringa oleifera L.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 8(4): 2356–59.

Xu Y, Li P, Zou C, Lu Y, Xie C, Zhang X, Prasanna B M and Olsen M S. 2017. Enhancing genetic gain in the era of molecular breeding. Journal of Experimental Botany 68(11): 2641–66.

Submitted

2020-12-12

Published

2022-01-13

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

MANDAL, S., SHANKAR, R., HANCHINAMANI, C. N., ANJANAPPA, M., & KUMAR J S, A. (2022). Morphological assessment to predict genetic variability for leaf yield and component traits in Moringa (Moringa oleifera). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(6), 721-725. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i6.108359
Citation