Genetic analysis for yield and its attributes in bitter gourd (Momordica charantia)


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Authors

  • VIJAYAKUMAR RATHOD ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • TUSAR KANTI BEHERA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • ANILABH DAS MUNSHI ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • GOGRAJ SINGH JAT ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • VINOD VINOD ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • AMBIKA B GAIKWAD ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v91i1.110928

Keywords:

Dominance effect, Epistasis interaction, Genetic studies, Generation Mean Analysis, Momordica charantia

Abstract

Genetic interaction and inheritance study in bitter gourd was carried out using six-generation mean analysis to determinate the types and magnitude of gene effects for yield and its attributes. The knowledge portioning to gene action and interaction, is tool for designing appropriate breeding strategy for developing varieties in bitter gourd. Four crosses, viz. DBGS-54 × DBGS-34, DBGS-2 × DBGS-34, PVGy-201 × Pusa Do Mousami and DBGS-2 × DBGS-3 were used for studying six generation (P1, P2, F1, F2, B1 and B2) model. The presence of non-allelic interaction were detected by both scaling test and joint scaling test and observed inadequacy of the additive-dominance model for all traits except vine length in cross PVGy-201 × Pusa Do Mousami.The results revealed the contribution of additive (d), dominance (h) and epistasis interaction (i, j, l) towards expression of all traits studied. In most of the characters magnitude of dominance gene effect was greater than additive gene effect suggested that recurrent selection or heterosis breeding would prove useful. Duplicate epistasis was prevalent in most of the traits like vine length, days to first female flower and fruit weight. Fruit epicarp colour and seed coat colour inheritance suggested these traits were controlled by monogenic.

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2021-03-02

Published

2021-03-02

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How to Cite

RATHOD, V., BEHERA, T. K., MUNSHI, A. D., JAT, G. S., VINOD, V., & GAIKWAD, A. B. (2021). Genetic analysis for yield and its attributes in bitter gourd (Momordica charantia). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 91(1), 68–73. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v91i1.110928
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