Biological performance and biochemical interactions of mustard aphid (Lipaphis erysimi) in Brassica juncea


Abstract views: 255 / PDF downloads: 61

Authors

  • IPSITA SAMAL ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • MUKESH K DHILLON ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • NAVEEN SINGH ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110 012, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v91i9.116085

Keywords:

Biochemicals, Biology, Brassica juncea, Lipaphis erysimi, Mustard aphid, Rapeseed- Mustard

Abstract

Present studies were carried out on development and survival of Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach) on diverse Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. & Coss. genotypes, and decipher the role of certain biochemical compounds in plant defense against mustard aphid. There were significant differences among test B. juncea genotypes for total nymphal duration, reproductive period, total developmental period, fecundity and survival of L. erysimi. The development period was significantly longer on PDZM 31, NRCHB 101, RP 7-3-2-2-1, TS 18-5124, RP 11-2-1-3-1, YSG, RLC 3, NPJ 50, IC 355399, MSTWR 17-1, EC 61-9-2-2-2, GP 454 and Kranti, while fecundity and survival were significantly lower on RLC 3, Kranti, IC 355399, Rohini, GP 454, NPJ 50 and TS 18-5124 as compared to other B. juncea genotypes. The biochemical constituents like, total antioxidants, tannins, phenols and FRAP were also significantly higher in RLC 3, Kranti, IC 355399, Rohini, GP 454, NPJ 50 and TS 18-5124 as compared to other B. juncea genotypes, except in a few cases. The total antioxidants and total tannins had significant and negative association, and explained 78.5% and 91.3% variability for fecundity and survival of L. erysimi, indicating their detrimental effects on progeny production and survival of mustard aphid on B. juncea. Present studies suggest that the B. juncea genotypes RLC 3, IC 355399, Rohini, GP 454, NPJ 50, TS 18-5124 and Kranti have higher amounts of test defense biochemicals and impart adverse effects on the reproductive period, fecundity and survival of L. erysimi.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ahuja I, Rohloff J and Bones A M. 2009. Defence mechanisms of Brassicaceae: Implications for plant-insect interactions and potential for integrated pest management-A review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 30: 311–48. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/agro/2009025

Amorim L C, Nasciment J E, Monteiro J M, Sobrinho J S, Araujo A S and Albuquerque U P. 2008. A simple and accurate procedure for the determination of tannin and flavonoid levels and some applications in ethnobotany and ethoparmocology. Functional Ecosystems and Communities 2: 88–94.

Agricultural Statistics at a Glance (ASG). 2018. Agricultural Statistics at a Glance -2018. Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India, New Delhi.

Awmack C S and Leather S R. 2002. Host plant quality and fecundity in herbivorous insects. Annual Review of Entomology 47: 817–44. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.47.091201.145300

Barbehenn R, Cheek S, Gasperut A, Lister E and Maben R. 2005. Phenolic compounds in red oak and sugar maple leaves have prooxidant activities in the midgut fluids of Malacosoma disstria and Orgyia leucostigma caterpillars. Journal of Chemical Ecology 31(5): 969–88. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10886-005-4242-4

Benzie I F F and Strain J J. 1999. Ferric reducing /antioxidant power assay: Direct measure of total antioxidant activity of biological fluids and modified version for simultaneous measurement of total antioxidant power and ascorbic acid concentration. Methods in Enzymology 299: 15–27. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0076-6879(99)99005-5

Bhoi, T K, Trivedi N, Kumar H, Tanwar A K and Dhillon M K. 2021. Biochemical defense in maize against Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) through activation of enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 59(1): 54–63.

Carrasco D, Larsson M C and Anderson P. 2015. Insect host plant selection in complex environments. Current Opinion in Insect Science 8: 1–7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cois.2015.01.014

Dhillon M K and Chaudhary D P. 2015. Biochemical interactions for antibiosis mechanism of resistance to Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) in different maize types. Arthropod-Plant Interactions 9: 373–82. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11829-015-9374-z

Dhillon M K, Singh N, Tanwar A K, Yadava D K and Vasudeva S. 2018. Standardization of screening techniques for resistance to Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.) in rapeseed-mustard under field conditions. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology 56: 674–85.

Dilawari V K and Atwal A S 1987. Effect of cruciferous glucosinolates on probing pattern and feed uptake by mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach). Proceedings: Animal Sciences 96(6): 695–703. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03179501

Felton G W, Donato K K, Broadway R M and Duffey S S. 1992. Impact of oxidized plant phenolics on the nutritional quality of dietary protein to a noctuid herbivore, Spodoptera exigua. Journal of Insect Physiology 38(4): 277–85. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1910(92)90128-Z

Holopainen J K and Blande J D. 2013. Where do herbivore-induced plant volatiles go? Frontiers in Plant Science 4: 185. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2013.00185

Jana K and Pal S. 2008. Biology of mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.) on certain Brassica genotypes. Journal of Applied Zoological Researches 19(2): 145–46.

Jat R S, Singh V V, Sharma P and Rai P K. 2019. Oilseed brassica in India: Demand, supply, policy perspective and future potential. Oilseeds & Fats Crops and Lipids 26: 8. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/ocl/2019005

Kumar S, Atri C, Sangha M K and Banga S S. 2011. Screening of wild crucifers for resistance to mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach) and attempt at introgression of resistance gene(s) from Brassica fruticulosa to Brassica juncea. Euphytica 179: 461–70. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10681-011-0351-z

Prieto P, Pineda M and Aguilar M. 1999. Spectrophotometric quantitation of antioxidant capacity through the formation of a phosphor molybdenum complex: specific application to the determination of vitamin E. Analytical Biochemistry 269(2): 337–41. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/abio.1999.4019

Rana J S. 2005 Performance of Lipaphis erysimi (Homoptera: Aphididae) on different Brassica species in a tropical environment. Journal of Pest Science 78 (3): 155–60. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10340-005-0088-3

Sarwan K and Sangha M K. 2013. Biochemical mechanism of resistance in some brassica genotypes against Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach) (Homoptera: Aphidiae). Vegetos 26 (2): 387–95. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5958/j.2229-4473.26.2.103

Singh A P, Singh P P and Singh Y P. 2006. Biology of mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt). Indian Journal of Entomology 68(2): 144–47.

Singleton V L and Rossi J A. 1965. Colorimetry of total phenolics with phosphomolybdic- phosphotungestic acid reagents. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 16: 144–58.

Stahl E, Hilfiker O and Reymond P. 2018. Plant–arthropod interactions: who is the winner? The Plant Journal 93(4): 703–28. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.13773

Downloads

Submitted

2021-09-27

Published

2021-09-27

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

SAMAL, I., DHILLON, M. K., & SINGH, N. (2021). Biological performance and biochemical interactions of mustard aphid (Lipaphis erysimi) in Brassica juncea. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 91(9), 1347–1352. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v91i9.116085
Citation