Soil microbial properties as influenced by agri-silvi-horticultural system under semi-arid region of Haryana

Abstract views: 346 / PDF downloads: 54


  • SONIA DEVI ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
  • K K BHARDWAJ CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India
  • GARIMA DAHIYA CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India
  • M K SHARMA CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India
  • R S DHILLON CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India
  • PRIYANKA DEVI CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana 125 004, India


Agri-silvi-horticultural, Eucalyptus, Kinnow, Soil biological properties, Tree


The study was carried out at Forestry Research Farm, CCSHAU, Hisar to assess the effect of agri-silvi-horticulturalsystem, i.e. on different soil microbial properties. Surface soil (0–15 cm) samples were collected randomly and thenthese samples were immediately used for analyzing potentially mineralizable nitrogen, microbial biomass carbon,dehydrogenase activity, alkaline phosphatase activity and urease activity under 3 treatments (5 replications), i.e. control(wheat), Kinnow + wheat and Kinnow + Eucalyptus + wheat. Significant improvement in soil biological propertieswas observed under tree-based system as all biological properties were recorded highest in Kinnow + Eucalyptus +wheat system followed by Kinnow + wheat as compared to control. Dehydrogenase and alkaline phosphatase activitywere higher under Kinnow + Eucalyptus + wheat (69.3 and 33.8%) followed by Kinnow + wheat (39.6 and 12.2%)over control. Similarly, microbial biomass carbon (MBC) and urease activity were observed to be higher under Kinnow+ Eucalyptus + wheat (50.3 and 31.9%) followed by Kinnow + wheat (28.9 and 12.3%) over control. A linearpositive regression relationship was observed among organic carbon vs. microbial biomass carbon. The coefficientof determination for organic carbon and microbial biomass carbon explained variability of 98.3%. The result of thestudy showed that tree-based agroforestry system can significantly increase the soil biological properties. Based onthe present study, it was suggested that soil microbiological activities can be enhanced by adopting agroforestry ortree-based system.


Download data is not yet available.


Casida L E Jr, Klein D A and Santoro R. 1964. Soil dehydrogenase activity. Soil Science 98: 371–78.

Chander K, Goyal S, Nandal D P and Kapoor K K. 1998. Soil organic matter microbial biomass and enzyme activities in a tropical agroforestry system. Biology and Fertility of Soils 27(2): 168–72.

Cortez C T, Nunes L A P L, Rodrigues L B, Eisenhauer N and Araújo A S F. 2014. Soil microbial properties in Eucalyptus grandis plantations of different ages. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 14(3): 734–42.

Dhaliwal J, Kukal S S and Sharma S. 2018. Improving soil microbiological properties in typic ustochrepts through tree-based cropping system. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science 66(2): 222–28.

Fisher R A. 1950. Statistical Methods for Research Workers. Oliver and Boyd, Edinburg, London.

Hendrix P F, Parmelee R W, Crossley Jr D A, Coleman D C, Odum E P and Groffman P M. 1986. Detritus food webs in conventional and no-tillage agroecosystems. Bioscience 36(6): 374–80.

Keeney D R and Nelson D W. 1982. Nitrogen-Inorganic Forms. Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2 Chemical and Microbiological Properties, pp 643–98. AL Page (Eds).

Kumar K, Laik R, Das D K and Chaturvedi O P. 2008. Soil microbial biomass and respiration in afforested calciorthent. Indian Journal of Agroforestry 10(2): 75–83.

Panse V C and Sukhatme P V. 1989. Statistical Methods for Agricultural Worker, 4th edn. ICAR Publication, New Delhi, India.

Parthasarathi K. 2006. Aging of pressmund vermicats of Limpitoma uritii (Kinberg) and Eudrilus eugeniae (Kinberg) - Reduction in microbial population and activity. Journal of Environmental Biology 27: 221–23.

Paudel B R, Udawatta R P, Kremer R J and Anderson S H. 2012. Soil quality indicator responses to row crop grazed pasture and agroforestry buffer management. Agroforestry Systems 84(2): 311–23.

Prasad R and Mertia R S. 2005. Dehydrogenase activity and VAM fungi in tree-rhizosphere of agroforestry systems in Indian arid zone. Agroforestry Forum 63: 219–23.

Rivest D, Lorente M, Olivier A and Messier C. 2013. Soil biochemical properties and microbial resilience in agroforestry systems: effects on wheat growth under controlled drought and flooding conditions. Science of the Total Environment 463: 51–60.

Singh B and Sharma K N. 2007. Tree growth and nutrient status of soil in a poplar (Populus deltoides Bartr)-based agroforestry system in Punjab. Agroforestry Systems 70(2): 125–34.

Singh G, Singh B, Kuppuswamy V and Bala N. 2002. Variations in foliage and soil nutrient composition in Acacia tortilis plantation of different ages in North Western Rajasthan. Indian Forester 128: 514–22.

Tabatabai M A and Bremner J M. 1969. Use of p-nitrophenyl phosphate for assay of soil phosphatase activity. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 1: 301–07.

Tabatabai M A and Bremner J M.1972.Assay of urease activity in soils. Soil Biology Biochemistry 4: 479–87.

Tian Y, Cao F and Wang G. 2013. Soil microbiological properties and enzyme activity in Ginkgo–tea agroforestry compared with monoculture. Agroforestry Systems 87(5): 1201–10.

Uthappa A R, Bana O P S, Kumarand M and Kanwal M. 2015. Soil physico-bio-chemical properties as influenced by varying tree densities in poplar (Populus deltoides Bartr ex Marsh) based agroforestry system. Indian Journal of Agroforestry 17: 81–90.

Vance E D, Brooks P C and Jenkinson D S. 1987. An extraction method for measuring soil microbial biomass carbon. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 19: 703–07.

Wan F and Chen P. 2004. Soil enzyme activities under agroforestry systems in Northern Jiangsu Province. Forestry Studies in China 6(2): 21–26.

Wojewoda D and Russel S. 2003. The impact of a shelterbelt on soil properties and microbial activity in an adjacent crop field. Polish Journal of Ecology 51: 291–307.

Xiang-yun W U. 2013. Evolution characteristics of soil enzyme activity in agroforestry compound system western liaoning. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Sciences 21: 11.

Yadav R S, Yadav B L, Chhipa B R, Dhyani S K and Munna R. 2011. Soil biological properties under different tree based traditional agroforestry systems in a semi-arid region of Rajasthan India. Agroforestry Systems 81: 195–202.

Zhang D, Zhang J, Yang W and Wu F. 2012. Effects of afforestation with Eucalyptus grandis on soil physicochemical and microbiological properties. Soil Research 50(2): 167–76.









How to Cite

DEVI, S., BHARDWAJ, K. K., DAHIYA, G., SHARMA, M. K., DHILLON, R. S., & DEVI, P. (2021). Soil microbial properties as influenced by agri-silvi-horticultural system under semi-arid region of Haryana. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 91(11), 1602–1606.