Self-reliant in year-round vegetable production through kitchen garden in Indo-Gangetic Plains


Abstract views: 135 / PDF downloads: 65

Authors

  • NOOPUR KOHIMA ICAR-Indian Institute of Farming System Research, Modipuram, Meerut 250 110, India
  • M A ANSARI ICAR– Indian Institute of Farming System Research, Modipuram, Meerut
  • A S PANWAR ICAR– Indian Institute of Farming System Research, Modipuram, Meerut

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v91i12.120804

Keywords:

Diversified cropping pattern, Kitchen garden, Net returns, Year-round vegetable production

Abstract

The government of India has long been striving to increase the food and nutritional security of rural and urban households. In this regard, kitchen/homestead gardens of limited available space can play an important role in fullfilling the demand for year-round diversified vegetable requirements. Considering the scope to self-reliant in year-round vegetable production and consumption through kitchen garden model, a field experiment was conducted for consecutive two years (2018–19) at the homestead garden of ICAR - IIFSR Modipuram Meerut. A total of 28 vegetables were selected for year-round vegetable cultivation and were planted in 15 beds varied from 2 to 8 m2. The year-round vegetable patterns under each bed were grown into 3 to 4 cropping seasons. The fifteen cropping patterns were arranged in 62 m2 net areas. The total year-round production of vegetables was 568.7 kg from 62 m2 net areas. Among the different groups of vegetables, 196 kg of root, bulb and tubers vegetables; 160.1 kg leafy and flower vegetables; 184.6 kg of fruit/vegetables and 25.8 kg of leguminous vegetables were obtained from 62 m2 net areas. In our finding, nearly 163 kg vegetable shortage to fullfills the demand of 5 members household. The shortage quantity of vegetables 163 kg can be obtained from increasing 18 m2 net areas in addition to exiting 62 m2. Notably, this model which fullfill the household demands of year-round vegetable requirements in a sustainable way as well as improve the food and nutritional security.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ali A M S. 2005. Home gardens in smallholder farming systems: examples from Bangladesh. Human Ecology 33: 245–70.

Ali M Y, Ahmed MM and Islam MB. 2008. Homestead Vegetable Gardening: meeting the need of year round vegetable requirement of farm family paper presented at the National Workshop on Multiple Cropping. Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Anonymous (The better India), 2020. https://www.thebetterindia. com/237638/gujarat-lockdown-organic-kitchen-garden-coronavirus-natural-vegetables-save-money-families-share-india-gop94/#:~:text=Unique%20Kitchen%20Garden%2¬ 0Model%20Helps,fresh%2C%20chemical%2Dfree%20 vegetables.

Ansari M A, Prakash N, Baishya L K, Punitha P, Yadav J S, Sharma P K, Sailo Blessa and Ansari M H. 2013. Comparative study on conventional and improved integrated farming systems for sustainable production, income generation and employment opportunity among the tribal farmers in hilly Regions of Manipur. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 83(7): 765–72.

Ansari M A, Prakash N, Baishya L K, Punitha P, Sharma P K, Yadav J, Kabui G P and Kl Levis Ch. 2014. Integrated Farming System: an ideal approach for developing more economically and environmentally sustainable farming systems for the Eastern Himalayan Region. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 84(3): 356–62.

Bhuyan M A, Haque M A, Al-Mahmud S, Rahman M M, Rahman M K and Shaheen N. 2001. Nutrition education exposure and nutritional status of selected household members in three agro-ecological locations of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Nutrition 14: 31–40.

Census. 2011. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. https://censusindia.gov.in.

FAO. 2004. Small home garden plots and sustainable livelihoods for the poor LSP Working Paper, 11, by R. Mitchell, T. Hanstad. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy, 2004, ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/007/ J2545E/J2545E00.pdf.

FAO. 2010. What is serving? Food and agriculture organization (FAO) of the united nation. Available from: http://www.fao.org/ english/newsroom/ focus/2003/fruitveg2.htm.[Last accessed on 2010 Dec].

Galhena D H, Freed R and Maredia K. 2013. Home gardens: a promising approach to enhance household food security and wellbeing. Agriculture and Food Security 2: 8.

Gillespie S, Harris J and Kadiyala S. 2012. The agriculture-nutrition disconnect in India. What do we know? in: Discussion Paper 01187, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC, USA.

Masset E, Haddad L, Cornelius A and Isaza-Castro J. 2011. A Systematic Review of Agricultural Interventions That Aim to Improve Nutritional Status of Children, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University of London, London: EPPI-Centre, 2011.

NIN (National Institute of Nutrition). 2011. Dietary guidelines for Indians: A manual. Hyderabad.

Noopur K, Jawaharlal M, Praneetha S, Kashyap P and Somasundaram E. 2019. Genetic variability and character association studies in French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in Nilgiri hills of Tamil Nadu. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89(12): 2009–13.

Panwar A S, Babu S, Noopur K, Tahashildar M, Kumar S and Singh A. 2019. Vertical cropping to enhance productivity and profitability of dry terraces in North Eastern Indian Himalayas. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89(12): 2020–4.

Srivastava S K and Chand R. 2017. Tracking Transition in Calorie-Intake among Indian Households: Insights and Policy Implications. Agricultural Economics Research Review 30(1): 23–35.

Weinberger K. 2013. Home and community gardens in Southeast Asia: potential and opportunities for contributing to nutrition-sensitive food systems. Food Security 5: 847–56.

WHO. 2003. Report of a Joint Expert Consultation; 2003 on Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases.

Downloads

Submitted

2022-01-31

Published

2022-01-31

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

KOHIMA, N., ANSARI, M. A., & PANWAR, A. S. (2022). Self-reliant in year-round vegetable production through kitchen garden in Indo-Gangetic Plains. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 91(12), 1773–1777. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v91i12.120804
Citation