Potassium management and residue recycling effects on wheat (Triticum aestivum) under maize (Zea mays) – wheat rotation

Abstract views: 90 / PDF downloads: 125


  • KAJAL ARORA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012, India
  • R S BANA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012, India
  • SEEMA SEPAT ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, 110012, India



Crop residue application, Monetary efficiency, Production efficiency, Potassium management, Yield attributes


The crop residue application and the balanced fertilization with 3 major macronutrients mainly emphasizing on different potassium management practices significantly improve the yield attributing components of wheat crop. Likewise, the highest grain, straw and biological yield in wheat crop was observed with crop residue retention and the split application of 100% RDK (½ at basal + ½ top dress at 25 DAS). The maximum production efficiency and monetary efficiency was recorded under the crop residue retention. Among the potassium management practices the efficiencies were recorded maximum with the split application of 100% RDK (½ at basal + ½ top dress at 25 DAS). Hence, it can be concluded that for enhanced productivity and greater monetary efficiency, the crop residue retention and the split application of 100% RDK (½ at basal + ½ top dress at 25 DAS) could be a better management practice for better growth and development of wheat crop in a maize-wheat rotation. However, to have greater insights on the residue retention and potassium effects, the future research may focus on understanding water and nutrient release pattern in the soil profile, improvement in soil physical and mechanical properties, rhizospheric microbial dynamics and physiological effects on the wheat plants due to diverse residue management systems and potassium application protocols.


Download data is not yet available.


Ai Zhan, Chunqin Zou, Youliang Ye, Zhaohui Liu, Zhenling Cui and Xinping Chen. 2016. Estimating on-farm wheat yield response to potassium and potassium uptake requirement in China. Field Crops Research 191: 13–19.

Bamboriya S D, Bana R S, Pooniya V, Rana K S and Singh Y V. 2017. Planting density and nitrogen management effects on productivity, quality and water-use efficiency of rainfed pearlmillet (Pennisetum glaucum) under conservation agriculture. Indian Journal of Agronomy 62(3): 363–66.

Bana R S, Sepat S, Rana K S, Pooniya V and Choudhary A K. 2018. Moisture-stress management under limited and assured irrigation regimes in wheat (Triticum aestivum): Effects on crop productivity, water use efficiency, grain quality, nutrient acquisition and soil fertility. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 88(10): 1606–12.

Bana R S, Singh D, Nain M S, Kumar H, Kumar V and Sepat S. 2020. Weed control and rice yield stability studies across diverse tillage and crop establishment systems under on-farm environments. Soil and Tillage Research 204(2020): 104729.

Choudhary M, Rana K S, Bana R S, Ghasal P C, Choudhary G L, Jakhar P and Verma R. 2017. Energy budgeting and carbon footprint of pearl millet–mustard cropping system under conventional and conservation agriculture in rainfed semi-arid agro-ecosystem. Energy 141: 1052–58.

Dutta J, Sharma S P, Sharma S K, Sharma G D and Sankhyan N K. 2015. Indexing soil quality under long-term maize-wheat cropping system in an acidic Alfisol. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 46(15): 1841–62.

Faiz M A, Bana R S, Choudhar A K, Laing A M, Bansal R, Bhatia A, Bana R C, Singh Y V, Kumar V, Bamboriya S D, Padaria R N, Khaswan S L and Dabas J P S. 2022. Zero tillage, residue retention and system-intensification with legumes for enhanced pearl millet productivity and mineral biofortification. Sustainability 14: 543.

Krishnappa G, Tyagi B S V, Gupta K, Vanktesh K, Kamble U R, Sendhil R, Singh G and Singh G P. 2022. Wheat Breeding. Fundamentals of Field Crop Breeding. Yadava D K, Dikshit H K, Mishra G P, Tripathi S (Eds). Springer, Singapore.

Lv X, Wang Z, Ma L, Cao N, Meng Y and Zhou Z. 2021. Crop residue incorporation combined with potassium fertilizer increased cotton canopy apparent photosynthesis and seed cotton yield in barley–cotton rotation system. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 67(3): 300–12.

MOA & FW - Ministry of Agricultur/Farmers Welfare Govt of India. 2020. Available at http://www.agricoop.nic.in/ recentinitiatives/fourth-advance-estimates-production-foodgrains-and-commercial-crops Accessed on August10, 2022.

Pampolino M F, Witt C, Pasuquin J M, Johnston A and Fisher M J. 2012. Development approach and evaluation of the Nutrient Expert software for nutrient management in cereal crops. Computers and electronics in agriculture 88: 103–10.

Raghavendra M, Singh Y V, Das T K and Meena M C. 2017. Effect of crop residue and potassium management practices on productivity and economics of conservation agriculture based maize (Zea mays)–wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 87(7): 855–61.

Ramachandran P. 2013. Food and nutrition security: Challenges in the new millennium. The Indian journal of medical research 138(3): 373.

Sepat S, Bana R S, Meena S L and Rana D S. 2019. Assessment of conservation agriculture and intercropping practices for enhanced productivity and profitability in maize (Zea mays). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89(4): 714–20.

Singh, V K, Dwivedi B S, Rathore, S S, Mishra R P, Satyanarayana T and Majumdar K. 2021. Timing potassium applications to synchronize with plant demand. Improving Potassium Recommendations for Agricultural Crops, pp. 363–84. Murrell T S (Eds). Springer, Cham.

Wang Y, Zhang Z, Liang Y, Han Y, Han Y and Tan J. 2020. High potassium application rate increased grain yield of shading-stressed winter wheat by improving photosynthesis and photosynthate translocation. Frontiers in Plant Science 28: 111–134.









How to Cite

ARORA, K., BANA, R. S., & SEPAT, S. (2022). Potassium management and residue recycling effects on wheat (Triticum aestivum) under maize (Zea mays) – wheat rotation. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(12), 1517–1519. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i12.122466