Genetic inheritance of fruit traits and seed coat colour in bitter gourd (Momordica charantia)


Abstract views: 239 / PDF downloads: 108

Authors

  • P GANGADHARA RAO ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • TUSAR KANTI BEHERA ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • ANILABH DAS MUNSHI ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • GOGRAJ SINGH JAT ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India
  • BOOPALAKRISHNAN G ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa, New Delhi 110 012, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i3.122686

Keywords:

Bitter gourd, Fruit curviness, Genetic inheritance, Momordica charantia, Ridges, Seed coat colour, Tubercles

Abstract

The present experiment on genetic inheritance of fruit traits (ridgeness, tubercles and curviness) and seed coat colour of bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) was carried out at experimental farm of Division of Vegetable Science, ICAR-IARI, New Delhi in 2014–16. The study provides genetic information for development of new varieties and hybrids as per the consumer preference. The classical Chi-square (χ2) test was used to estimate the inheritance pattern of qualitative traits using six generations (P1, P2, F1, F2, BC1P1 and BC1P2; F3 generation as F2 for seed coat colour). Inheritance of fruit traits like continuous ridges (Cr: in DBGS-54 × DBGS-2 and DBSS-54 × Pusa Vishesh; χ2 = 0.09; P = 0.76 and χ2 = 0.50; P = 0.48, respectively), tubercles (Tb: DBGS-54 × DBGS-2 and DBSS-54 × Pusa Vishesh; χ2 = 0.50; P = 0.48and χ2 = 0.01; P = 0.92, respectively), fruit curviness (Cf: DBGS-54 × DBGS-2; χ2 = 0.02; P = 0.89) and black seed coat colour (Bs: Pusa Aushadhi × DBGS-54 and DBGS-54 × DBGS-2; χ2 = 0.73; P = 0.39 and χ2 = 0.02; P = 0.89, respectively) were found to be controlled by single dominant gene. Simple inheritance of these fruit traits will enable the bitter gourd breeder to incorporate these traits in hybrids. The black seed coat colour will act as a morphological marker for hybrid seed purity test too.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aguoru C U and Okoli B E, 2008. Seed coat anatomy of Momordica charantia L. (Cucurbitaceae) in parts of tropical Western Africa. International Journal of Tropical Agriculture and Food Systems 2(1): 29–33. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/ijotafs.v2i1.40955

Behera T K, Behera S, Bharathi L K, John K J, Simon P W and Staub J E. 2010. Bitter gourd: Botany, horticulture, and breeding. Horticulture Review. 37: 101–41. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470543672.ch2

Behera T K, Dey S S and Sirohi P S. 2006. DBGy-201and DBGy-202: two gynoecious lines in bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) isolated from indigenous source. Indian Journal of Genetics.66: 61–62.

Behera T K. 2004. Heterosis in bitter gourd. Hybrid Vegetable Development, pp. 217–21. Singh P K, Dasgupta S K, Tripathi S K (Eds). The Haworth Press. New York, USA.

Dalamu, Behera T K, Satyavati C T and Pal A. 2012. Generation mean analysis of yield related traits and inheritance of fruit colour and surface in bitter gourd. Indian Journal of Horticulture 69(1): 65–69.

De Wilde W and Duyfjes B. 2002. Synopsis of Momordica (Cucurbitaceae) in SE-Asia and Malesia Botanicheskil Zhurn 87: 132–48.

Kole C, Bode A O, Kole1 P, Rao V K, Bajpai A, Backiyarani S, Singh J, Elanchezhian R and Abbott A G. 2012. The first genetic map and positions of major fruit trait loci of bitter melon (Momordica charantia). Journal of Plant Science & Molecular Breeding 1(1): 1–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7243/2050-2389-1-1

Kumari M, Behera T K, Munshi A D and Talukadar A. 2015. Inheritance of fruit traits and generation mean analysis for estimation of horticultural traits in bitter gourd. Indian Journal of Horticulture 72(1): 43–48. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5958/0974-0112.2015.00008.0

Panse V G and Sukhatme P V. 1954. Statistical methods for agricultural workers. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi. Rao P G, Behera T K, Gaikwad A, Munshi A D, Jat G S and Krishnan B G. 2018. Mapping and QTL analysis of gynoecy and earliness in bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) using genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) technology. Frontiers in Plant Science 9: 1555. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2018.01555

Rathod V, Behera T K, Munshi A D, Jat G S, Vinod and Gaikwad A B. 2021a. Genetic analysis for yield and its attributes in bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 91(1): 68–73.

Rathod V, Behera T K, Munshi A D, Gaikwad A B, Singh S, Vinay N D, Boopalakrishnan G and Jat G S. 2021b. Developing partial interspecific hybrids of Momordica charantia × Momordica balsamina and their advance generations. Scientia Horticulturae 281: 109985. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2021.109985

Rathod V, Behera T K, Munshi A D, Vinod and Jat G S. 2019. Crossability studies among Momordica charantia var. charantia and Momordica charantia var. muricata. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences 89(11), 1900–05

Robinson R W and Decker-Walters D S. 1997. Cucurbits. Wallingford, Oxford, UK: CAB International.

Srivastava V K and Premnath 1972. Inheritance of some qualitative characters in Momordica charantia L. Indian Journal of Horticulture 29: 319–21.

Vahab M A. 1989. ‘Homeostatic analysis of components of genetic variance and inheritance of fruit colour, fruit shape, and bitterness in bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.)’. PhD Thesis, Kerala Agriculture University, India.

Downloads

Submitted

2022-03-28

Published

2022-03-29

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

RAO, P. G., BEHERA, T. K., MUNSHI, A. D., JAT, G. S., & G, B. (2022). Genetic inheritance of fruit traits and seed coat colour in bitter gourd (Momordica charantia). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(3), 357-361. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i3.122686
Citation