Integrated application of amendments and chemicals for the management of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) in cucumber (Cucumis sativus)


Abstract views: 168 / PDF downloads: 169

Authors

  • HARWINDER SINGH BUTTAR Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India
  • NARPINDERJEET KAUR DHILLON Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India
  • SUKHJEET KAUR Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India
  • ANUPAM Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India
  • KOMALPREET KAUR Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India
  • HARENDER DAGAR Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i11.123498

Keywords:

Basamid, Carbofuran, Mustard Cake, Neem cake

Abstract

Root-knot nematode is one of the significant plant-parasitic nematodes in cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Considering its destructive potential, studies were carried out on effect of organic amendments and their integration with chemicals upon root-knot nematode in cucumber in pots (2016–17) and in infested field (2017–18), at research farm of Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab. Among the organic amendments, mustard cake treatment (5 t/ha) was found to be most effective with 65.16% nematode infestation reduction in pot experiment and 53.57% nematode infestation reduction in field experiment over control. Integrated treatments were found to be more effective than individual applications. Individually, the maximum reduction in soil nematode population was observed in applying mustard cake (5 t/ha) followed by neem cake (5t/ha). The efficacy of mustard cake was observed to increase in integrated treatments. In integrated treatments, application of mustard cake (2.5 t/ha) + Basamid (20 g/m) was observed to be most effective in reducing nematode infestations in soil and roots of cucumber. Among all the chemicals and amendments evaluated against root-knot nematode, Basamid among chemicals and mustard cake as an amendment in integration were found most effective against root-knot nematode and can be explored further.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Barros A F, Campos V P, de Paula L L, Pedroso, L A, Silva F J, da Silva J C P, de-Oliveira D F and Silva G M. 2021. The role of Cinnamomum zeylanicum essential oil, (E)-cinnamaldehyde and (E)-cinnamaldehyde oxime in the control of Meloidogyne incognita. Journal of Phytopathology 169: 229–38.

Bridge J and Page S L J. 1980. Estimation of root-knot nematode infestation levels on roots using a rating chart. Tropical Pest Management 26: 296–98.

Charles K, Agathar K, Ronald M, Cosmas P, Ignitius M and Blessing M. 2015. Nematicidal effects of brassica formulations against root knot nematodes (Meloidogyne javanica) in tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum). Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology 27(02): 109–14.

Cobb N A. 1918. Estimating the nema population of the soil, with special reference to the sugar-beet and root-gall nemas, Heterodera schachtii Schmidt and Heterodera radicicola (Greef) Muller, and with a description of Tylencholaimus aequalisn sp. Agric Tech Circular 1: 1–47.

Dhillon N K and Kaur S. 2016. Evaluation of different chemicals for the management of root knot nematode in brinjal and tomato nursery. Plant Disease Research 31(1): 99–105.

Fu C H, Hu B Y, Chang T T, Hsueh K L and Hsu W T. 2012. Evaluation of dazomet as fumigant for the control of brown root rot disease. Pest Management Science 68: 959–62.

Gine A, Lopez-Gomez M, Vela M D, Ornat C, Talavera M, Verdejo-Lucas S and Sorribas F J. 2014. Thermal requirements and population dynamics of root-knot nematodes on cucumber and yield losses under protected cultivation. Plant pathology 63: 1446–53.

Hussain M A, Mukhtar T and Kayani M Z. 2011a. Assessment of the damage caused by Meloidogyne incognita on okra (Abelmoschus esculentus). Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 21: 857–61.

Karssen G, Wesemael W and Moens M. 2013. Root-knot nematodes. Plant Nematology, 2nd edn, pp. 73–108. Perry R N, Moens M (Eds). CAB International, Wallingford, UK.

Kella A M, Bekhiet M A, Anany A E and Mansour A S. 2012. Alternative control of root knot nematode infecting cucumber by dry powder of some native plants comparative with nematicide. Egypt Journal of Agronematology 11: 272–84.

Ma C Z, Gu Z R, Li S D, Liu X Z, Miao Z Q, Chen Y J, Wang Y, Liu Y Z, Feng G Q, Xia Z Y and Li Y H. 2006. Control efficacy of soil fumigation by Dazomet and K-Vapam on root rot complex in Panax notoginseng continuous cropping field. Acta agriculturae Shanghai 22: 1–5.

Mansoor A S. 2006. Management of plant parasitic nematodes on tomato using neem products and nematicides. Journal of Eco-friendly Agriculture 1: 73–74.

Parihar K, Rehman B, Ganai M A, Asif M and Siddiqui Mansoor A. 2015. Role of Oil Cakes and Pochonia chlamydosporia for the Management of Meloidogyne javanica Attacking Solanum melongena L. Journal of Plant Pathology and Microbiology S1: 004. doi:10.4172/2157-7471.S1-004

RStudio Team. 2021. RStudio: Integrated Development for R. RStudio, PBC, Boston, MA URL http://www.rstudio.com

Salem M F, Osman G Y, Hasab El–Nabi S E and Khalaf F M A. 2012. Effect of brassicous natural products on Meloidogyne spp. management in vitro. Egyptian Journal of Plant Disease and Plant Protection 3(2): 41–50.

Schindler A F. 1961. A simple substitute for a Baermann funnel. Plant Disease Reporter 45: 747–48.

Sharma H K, Gaur H S and Singh B. 2007. Nemic population dynamics in hybrid tomato, sweet pepper and hybrid cucumber under polyhouse cultivation. Indian Journal of Nematology 37(2): 161–64.

Silva J D O, Loffredo A, da Rocha M R and Becker J O. 2019. Efficacy of new nematicides for managing Meloidogyne incognita in tomato crop. Journal of Phytopathology 167(5): 295–98.

Sorribas F J, Djian-Caporalino C and Mateille T. 2020. Nematodes. Integrated Pest and Disease Management in Greenhouse Crops, pp. 147–74. Springer, Cham.

Thakur R S, Singh B S and Goswami A. 1981. Azadirachta indica A. Juss: A review. Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants 3: 135–40.

Downloads

Submitted

2022-04-30

Published

2022-11-11

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

BUTTAR, H. S., DHILLON, N. K., KAUR, S., ANUPAM, KAUR, K., & DAGAR, H. (2022). Integrated application of amendments and chemicals for the management of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) in cucumber (Cucumis sativus). The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(11), 1331–1335. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i11.123498
Citation