Soil-leaf nutrient relationships with fruit quality and yield of litchi (Litchi chinensis) in northern India


Abstract views: 179 / PDF downloads: 168

Authors

  • NAV PREM SINGH Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India
  • JAGDISH SINGH PAU-Regional Research Station Gurdaspur, Punjab
  • SARVPRIYA SINGH Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Bathinda, Punjab
  • PARMPAL SINGH GILL Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab 141 004, India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i12.124134

Keywords:

Fruit quality, Litchi, Nutritional survey, Yield levels

Abstract

In litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonner.) orchards of northern India, imbalanced nutrient applications and poor soil health status are the major constraints for lower orchard efficiency and poor fruit productivity. Soil and leaf nutrient indexing are considered supportive tools to recognize the nutritional status of litchi orchards and assess the relationship between nutrients, fruit yield and quality attributes. Hence a multi-location study was carried out at Hoshiarpur (S-I), Gurdaspur (S-II), and Pathankot (S-III) districts of Punjab during 2018–20 to study the soil-leaf nutrient relationships with fruit quality and yield of litchi. Nutritional analysis of leaf samples from litchi orchards demonstrated that Ca content was lower in 28.1% of orchards, followed by N (26.4%) and Mn (23.2%). Soil-leaf nutrient matrix was positively and significantly correlated with each other for K, Ca, and Mg content. A significant positive relationship between leaf N and K with fruit yield, size, weight, proportion of pulp (%) and pulp/stone ratio were observed. A significant and negative correlation was registered for colour value (hue angle, hο) with leaf K and Ca contents depicted better pericarp red colour. It was observed that leaf N and K contents are primarily associated with the enhancement of fruit yield. Leaf Ca, Zn, Fe, and Cu content substantially influenced the fruit’s physical and quality parameters of litchi.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anonymous. 2021. Package of Practices for Cultivation of Fruits, pp. 75–80. Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India.

AOAC. 2005. Official Methods of Analysis. Van Nostrand's Encyclopedia of Chemistry. G D Considine (Ed.). Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC). Washington, D.C.

Arora R, Singh N P and Kaur S. 2017. Micro nutrients for yield and quality enhancement in litchi (Litchi chinensis L.) - A review. Indian Journal of Ecology 44: 586–90.

Bettelli G and Renzi G. 1990. A nutritional survey of kiwifruit orchards in northern Italy. Acta Horticulture 282: 173–81.

Chahal D S, Sharma B D and Singh P K. 2005. Distribution of forms of Zinc and their association with soil properties and uptake in different soil orders in semi-arid soils of Punjab, India. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 36: 19–20.

Dhaliwal S S, Shukla A K, Sharma V, Behera S K, Choudhary O P, Chaudhari S K, Kumar A, Patra A K, Parkash C, Sikaniya C and Tripathi A. 2020. Atlas on status of micronutrients in soils of Punjab. AICRP on micro and secondary nutrients and pollutant elements in soils and plants, Department of Soil Science, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, pp. 8–9.

Kumar R and Hundal H S. 2002. Stability of potassium minerals in Punjab soils. Journal of Nuclear Agriculture and Biology 31: 71–78.

Menzel C M and Simpson D R. 1987. Lychee nutrition: a review. Scientia Horticulture 31: 195–225.

Menzel C M, Haydon G F and Simpson D R. 1992. Mineral nutrient reserves in bearing litchi trees (Litchi chinensis Sonn.). Journal of Horticulture Science 67: 149–60.

Nath V, Pandey S D, Singh N P and Pandey S. 2021. Litchi Production and Post-harvest Management. IBPSS, New Delhi.

Pandey D and Singh N P. 2018. Influence of foliar application of KNO3 on fruit pericarp colour development and yield of litchi cv Dehradun. Environment and Ecology 36(2): 370–76.

Pathak P K, Majumder K and Mitra S K. 2012. Levels and time of potassium fertilization influence soil and leaf nutrient composition and its relation with yield of litchi. Indian Journal of Horticulture 69: 33–38.

R Core Team. 2021. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.

Roy R N, Rao D P and Mukherjee S K. 1984. Orchards efficiency analysis of the litchi. Indian Journal of Horticulture 41: 16–21.

Singh J, Singh N P, Sangwan A K, Gill P P S, Gill B S, Kaur S, Singh N, Singh D and Singh S. 2019. Standardization of litchi leaf nutrient composition for tissue analysis in sub tropics of India. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 50(22): 2889–98.

Sivakumar D and Korsten L. 2007. Relating Leaf nutrient status to fruit quality attributes in litchi cv. Mauritius. Journal of Plant Nutrition 30: 1727–35.

Subbiah BW and Asija G L. 1956. A rapid procedure for the estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Science 25: 259–60.

Yang B M, Yao L X, Li G L, He Z H and Zhou C M. 2015. Dynamic changes of nutrition in litchi foliar and effects of potassium–nitrogen fertilization ratio. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 15(1): 98–110.

Downloads

Submitted

2022-05-21

Published

2022-12-16

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

SINGH, N. P., SINGH, J., SINGH, S., & GILL, P. S. (2022). Soil-leaf nutrient relationships with fruit quality and yield of litchi (Litchi chinensis) in northern India. The Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 92(12), 1453–1457. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijas.v92i12.124134
Citation